Public Opinion Survey on Diplomacy by the Cabinet Office of Japan

Key Issues
  • Japan’s relations toward the United States, China and Korea
  • Economic cooperation
  • Japan’s role in the United Nations
Dates Conducted

October 2004

Date Released

December 2004

Methodology

The Cabinet Office of Japan conducts annual public opinion polls on Japanese attitudes toward other countries. The poll surveys 2067 males and females over the age of 20.

Link to Original Source

http://www8.cao.go.jp/survey/h16/h16-gaikou/3.html

 

Survey

Q1. Do you have an affinity toward the United States, or not? (Same questions for Russia, China, Korea, etc.) Please choose one of the following. (N=2067)

A) Have an affinity B) Tend to have an affinity C) Tend not to have an affinity D) Don’t have an affinity E) Don’t know
United States 28.5% 43.3 15.5 9.6 3.0
Russia 2.4 13.9 44.2 33.7 5.8
China 8.2 29.4 35.5 22.7 4.2
Korea 14.0 42.6 23.0 16.2 4.1
Southeast Asian countries (Thailand, Indonesia, etc.) 7.0 34.4 29.4 19.0 10.1
South Asian countries (India, Pakistan, etc.) 2.7 19.3 40.6 24.3 13.2
Western European countries (France, UK, etc.) 11.7 44.8 22.5 13.9 7.1
Australia, New Zealand 17.0 43.7 17.4 13.5 8.4
Canada 14.7 38.3 22.8 14.7 9.6
Middle Eastern countries 1.3 12.1 38.4 32.8 15.3
Island countries in the Pacific (Papua New Guinea, Belau, Fiji, etc.) 5.2 23.3 28.3 26.7 16.6
Central Asian and Caucasian countries (Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, etc.) 1.5 10.6 31.7 34.9 21.3

Q2. Do you think the relationship between Japan and the United States is good, or not? (Same questions for Russia, China, Korea, etc.) Please choose one of the following. (N=2067)

A) Good B)Somewhat good C) Not so good D) Not good E) It depends F) Don’t know
United States 27.5% 49.3 12.7 3.5 2.5 4.5
Russia 1.7 26.9 40.9 16.4 3.6 10.6
China 2.9 25.3 42.2 18.8 3.9 7.0
Korea 9.0 46.5 24.9 10.0 3.0 6.6
Southeast Asian countries (Thailand, Indonesia, etc.) 5.7 44.7 19.7 7.1 3.7 19.1
South Asian countries (India, Pakistan, etc.) 2.1 30.2 31.0 9.3 4.5 22.9
Western European countries (France, UK, etc.) 7.5 52.3 17.4 4.7 4.1 14.1
Australia, New Zealand 12.4 51.2 12.7 4.5 3.4 15.7
Canada 10.3 49.2 14.9 4.5 3.4 17.8
Middle Eastern countries 1.2 21.9 32 16.2 5.5 23.2
Island countries in the Pacific (Papua New Guinea, Belau, Fiji, etc.) 3.5 30.2 21.9 9.1 3.9 31.4
Central Asian and Caucasian countries (Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, etc.) 1.1 18.8 26.8 13.2 4.2 36.1

 

Q3. Regarding North Korea, please choose as many items in which you are interested from the following list. (N=2067)

A) Political system 42.4%
B) North-South issues 24.7
C) Negotiations to normalize Japan-N. Korea diplomatic relations 35.0
D) Japanese abductee issues 88.3
E) Suspicious boat issues 43.1
F) Nuclear development issues 56.6
G) Missile issues 56.2
H) Illegal activities including drug smuggling 36.5
I) So-called “settlement of the past” 16.9
J) Refugee issues 21.1
K) Food aid 47.1
L) Japanese spouses’ visit to their home town 18.2
M) Sightseeing 4.5
N) Economic exchanges including trade 8.5
O) Cultural exchanges 5.2
Q) Sports exchanges 4.9
R) Others 0.4
S) Nothing special 2.8
T) Don’t know 1.2

 

Q4. How do you obtain information about foreign countries? Please choose as many as apply from the following. (N=2067)

A) Newspapers 78.8%
B) General magazines 13.4
C) Government publications 2.6
D) TV 94.6
E) Radio 18.1
F) Foreign films 7.4
G) Internet 14.6
H) Overseas travel 6.9
I) Interaction with foreigners in Japan 3.3
J) Others 0.5
K) Nothing in particular 1.6

 

SQ. For those who choose A-J in Q4, with the means you selected, what kind of information do you obtain? Please select as many as apply from the following. (N=2033)

A) Politics 63.0%
B) International affairs 67.3
C) Economy, industry 46.2
D) Security 30.5
E) Geography, history 14.6
F) Science, technology 13.2
G) Society, living 39.0
H) Culture, art 32.0
I) Language 7.0
J) Others 0.7
K) Don’t know 3.0

 

Q5. Developed countries provide economic cooperation, including financial aid and technical assistance, for developing countries. What do you think about Japan’s economic cooperation in the future? Please choose one of the following. (N=2067)

A) Should advance cooperation actively 18.7%
B) Current level of cooperation is sufficient 44.2
C) Should cut cooperation as much as possible 25.6
D) Should stop completely 3.1
E) Don’t know 8.4

 

SQa. For those who answered A) in Q5, why do you think that way? Please choose as many as apply from the following. (N=387)

A) It is developed countries’ humanitarian obligation to help developing countries 61.8%
B) It can contribute to stability of developing countries and world peace 62.5
C) Japan as a country with a huge trade surplus has a responsibility to help developing countries that suffer from accumulated debts, etc. 23.8
D) Economic cooperation is an important tool for Japan’s diplomacy 38.8
E) Without political stability and economic development in developing countries, Japanese economy cannot advance 30.7
F) Economic cooperation for developing countries can help Japan secure stable energy resources 25.3
G) Japan will be isolated if only Japan does not provide economic cooperation 21.2
H) Japan should use its technology and experience to solve developing countries’ environmental issues, etc. 40.8
I) Others
J) No specific reason
K) Don’t know 0.3

 

SQb. For those who answered C) or D), why do you think that way? Please choose as many as apply from the following. (N=593)

A) Japan’s domestic economic condition is not good 74.5%
B) Type of actual economic cooperation is not clear 42.5
C) There are many areas where Japan’s current economic cooperation is inefficient due to lack of consideration for local situations and needs 34.9
D) Do not feel that Japan’s economic cooperation is appreciated by developing countries 28.3
E) Economic cooperation is not fully utilized as Japan’s diplomatic tool 18.9
F) Current economic assistance is inefficient, in such areas as coordination with related agencies, management and operation of donated equipments, etc. 16.7
G) Japan’s financial situation is not good 43.5
H) Others 1.5
I) No specific reason 0.7
J) Don’t know 0.3

 

Q6. On what region do you think Japan should focus its economic cooperation in future? Please choose one from the following. (N=2067)

A) Asia 49.4%
B) Middle East 5.6
C) Central and Eastern Europe 0.8
D) Africa 10.7
E) Central and South America and Caribbean region 0.7
F) Island countries in the Pacific 0.8
G) Equally in all regions 16.1
H) Don’t know 15.9

 

SQ. For those who answered A) in Q6, where in Asia do you think Japan should focus its economic cooperation? Please choose one from the following. (N=1021)

A) Northeast Asia (China, Mongolia, etc.) 44.9%
B) Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, etc.) 37.8
C) South Asia (India, Pakistan, etc.) 7.9
D) Central Asia and Caucasus region (Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, etc.) 3.8
E) Others 0.3
F) Don’t know 5.3

 

Q7. Currently about 90 countries send personnel for UN peace keeping operations (PKOs). Japan has participated in international humanitarian assistance activities, such as PKOs in Cambodia, Golan Heights and East Timor, refugee relief activities in Rwanda, Afghanistan and Iraq, and international election monitoring activities in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and East Timor. Do you think Japan should participate in these activities including PKOs in the future? Please choose one of the following. (N=2067)

A) Should participate more actively than before 22.2%
B) Should participate at the current level 46.8
C) Should participate but at a minimal level 17.7
D) Should not participate 4.4
E) Others 0.3
F) Don’t know 8.5

 

Q8. At the United Nations, discussion is moving forward on expanding the Security Council in order to strengthen its functions and reform the unfair distribution of seats among different regions. What do you think about the possibility of Japan joining the permanent members of the Security Council? Please choose one of the following. (N=2067)

A) Support 25.8%
B) Tend to support 36.8
C) Tend to oppose 11.7
D) Oppose 4.3
E) Others 0.2
F) Don’t know 21.2

 

SQa. For those who answered A) or B), why do you think that way? Please choose one of the following. (N=1294)

A) Japan should actively contribute to world peace since it has become an economic superpower. 19.6%
B) It is wrong that Japan cannot be a part of important decision- making processes while it makes enormous financial contributions to the United Nations. 32.8
C) Helps world peace as Japan does not have nuclear weapons and has pacifism as its basic principle 25.7
D) Japan can reflect its ideas on UN’s important decisions 11.8
E) Will allow Japan to help UN activities more actively 7.7
F) Others 0.5
G) Don’t know 1.9

 

SQb. For those who answered C) or D), why do you think that way? Please choose one of the following. (N=330)

A) Will have to make even more financial contributions to the UN than now once Japan becomes a permanent member of the Security Council. 25.2%
B) Japan should not be a part of any decision making that approves use of force even if it does not participate directly in military operations. 16.1
C) Will have to actively participate in UN’s military operations once Japan becomes a permanent member of the Security Council. 18.5
D) Can make enough international contributions in such non-military areas as economic, social and environmental areas without becoming a permanent member of the Security Council 22.4
E) Should revise the Constitution before Japan becomes a permanent member of the Security Council 8.8
F) Don’t support the United Nations per se 5.5
G) Others 1.8
H) Don’t know 1.8

 

Q9. What areas do you think are important when Japan actively promotes international cooperation through the United Nations? Please choose as many as apply. (N=2067)

A) Maintenance of international peace and security 70.4%
B) Assistance for developing countries 32.3
C) Science, technology and space exploration 13.2
D) Human rights issues 32.7
E) Refugee relief 33.2
F) Disarmament and nonproliferation (prevent proliferation of nuclear weapons, missiles, etc.) 39.0
G) Small arm issues and anti-personal land mine issues (removal of mines,assistance for victims, etc.) 20.7
H) Narcotics issues 27.7
I) Environmental issues 41.3
J) Population issues 10.4
K) Improvement of women’s status 11.3
L) Crime prevention (firearms trafficking, etc.) 22.5
M) Anti-terrorism 43.4
N) Protection and promotion of children’s rights 19.2
O) Measures for the disabled and elderly 17.2
P) Help for UN finance 5.9
Q) UN reform 7.8
R) Health issues such as infectious disease, etc. (AIDS, malaria, etc.) 25.1
S) Others 0.4
T) Don’t know 5.6

 

Q10. On which areas do you think Japan should focus when it promotes its economic relations with foreign countries? Please choose as many as apply. (N=2067)

A) Promotion of liberalization of trade and investment, including utilization of such mechanisms as free trade agreements (FTAs) and economic partnership agreements (EPAs) with specific countries and regions, and World Trade Organization (WTO) initiatives 34.3%
B) Securing energy resources 58.5
C) Securing food 41.1
D) Promotion of direct investment to Japan 7.0
E) Support for Japanese corporations’ overseas activities 24.3
F) Protection of intellectual property rights including patents 12.4
G) Promotion of tourism to Japan 12.9
H) Promotion of understanding about Japanese economy among foreign countries (more active public relations) 19.0
I) Others 0.1
J) Don’t know 12.1

 

Q11. On what regions in the world do you think Japan should focus when it promotes its economic relations with foreign countries? Please choose as many as apply. (N=2067)

A) Northeast Asia (Korea, China and Mongolia) 51.2%
B) Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, etc.) 25.5
C) South Asia (India, Pakistan, etc.) 13.0
D) Oceania (Australia, New Zealand, island nations in the Pacific) 14.2
E) Middle East 15.2
F) Africa 8.0
G) Russia 9.8
H) Central Asia and Caucasian countries (Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, etc.) 2.7
I) Central and Eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, etc.) 2.3
J) Western Europe (France, UK, etc.) 12.3
K) North America (US and Canada) 25.9
L) Central and South America and Caribbean countries (Mexico, Brazil, Jamaica, etc.) 6.2
M) Should promote equally regardless of the region 15.3
N) Don’t know 14.0

Q12. On which areas do you think Japan should focus when it promotes its cultural exchange with foreign countries? Please choose as many as apply. (N=2067)

A) Exchanges among scholars, artists, intellectuals, etc. 17.5%
B) Exchanges among youths 27.5
C) Exchanges among students 18.1
D) Sports exchanges 27.6
E) Local exchanges by citizens’ groups, local governments, etc. 9.4
F) Introduction to traditional Japanese culture (flower arrangement, tea ceremony, Kabuki, etc.) 12.7
G) Introduction to contemporary Japanese culture (accurately informing foreigners about contemporary Japan through public speaking, exhibitions, video, etc.) 15.3
H) Introduction of foreign cultures to Japan 8.1
I) Spread of Japanese language 6.0
J) Promotion of Japan studies in foreign countries 4.0
K) Intellectual exchanges (organizing seminars and symposiums, exchanges between research institutes, etc.) 9.0
L) Cooperation for preservation of ruins and cultural heritages in foreign countries 12.3
M) Providing grant assistance for purchasing equipments for cultural activities 1.6
N) Others 0.4
O) Don’t know 10.0

 

Q13. On what regions in the world do you think Japan should focus when it promotes its cultural exchanges with foreign countries? Please choose as many as apply. (N=2067)

A) Northeast Asia (Korea, China and Mongolia) 44.0%
B) Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, etc.) 22.2
C) South Asia (India, Pakistan, etc.) 12.6
D) Oceania (Australia, New Zealand, island nations in the Pacific) 12.9
E) Middle East 7.2
F) Africa 5.9
G) Russia 8.5
H) Central Asia and Caucasian countries (Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, etc.) 3.3
I) Central and Eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, etc.) 5.0
J) Western Europe (France, UK, etc.) 19.1
K) North America (US and Canada) 22.1
L) Central and South America and Caribbean countries (Mexico, Brazil, Jamaica, etc.) 7.7
M) Should promote equally regardless of the region 25.5
N) Don’t know 13.3

Q14. What do you think about protection of and support for Japanese nationals who have encountered such incidents as traffic accidents, crimes, and sickness overseas? Please choose one of the following. (N=2067)

A) Individuals or home companies/organizations should deal with them on their own. 9.4%
B) Individuals or home companies/organizations should deal with them on their own as much as possible, but if they cannot, the government, embassies and consulates should provide protection and support. 39.0
C) Even if individuals or home companies/organizations can deal with them on their own, the government, embassies and consulates should actively provide protection and support. 22.2
D) Under any circumstances, the government, embassies and consulates should provide protection and support 24.5
E) Others 0.3
F) Don’t know 4.5

Q15. Mainly, what roles do you think Japan should play in the international community? Please choose up to two of the following. (N=2067)

A) Contribution to maintaining world peace such as efforts toward peaceful solutions for regional conflicts including physical support 51.9%
B) International efforts to protect internationally universal values, such as freedom, democracy and human rights. 16.1
C) Humanitarian support for refugee and displaced people (especially children and women) 25.0
D) Contribution to advancing a healthy world economy 19.9
E) Cooperation to advance developing countries 15.0
F) Contribution to solving global issues such as global environmental issues. 38.4
G) Contribution to international cultural exchanges, such as cooperation in preserving cultural heritages throughout the world. 5.5
H) Others 0.1
I) Don’t know 8.3

< Face sheet>
F1. Gender

Male 47.8%
Female 52.2

F2. Age. How old are you?

20-24 4.5%
25-29 5.9
30-34 7.9
35-39 7.8
40-44 7.4
45-49 8.3
50-54 9.8
55-59 10.4
60-64 10.9
65-69 9.3
70- 17.9

 

F3. Occupation. What is your occupation?

Self-employed
Agriculture, forestry and fishery 3.0%
Business, engineering and service 7.8
Freelance 0.9
Family business employee
Agriculture, forestry and fishery 1.2
Business, engineering and service 2.5
Freelance 0.2
Employee
Manager 3.3
Expert, technician 1.1
Clerical worker 17.3
Laborer 18.7
Unemployed
Housewife 25.8
Student 1.5
Others 16.6

 

F4. Overseas Experience. Have you been to a foreign country? Please choose one of the following.

A) Have lived in a foreign country for longer than three months 3.7%
B) Have been to a foreign country 51.4
C) Have never been to a foreign country 44.9

Disclaimer

The Mansfield Foundation is responsible for the translation of this Asahi Shimbun poll, subject to the Mansfield Foundation terms of use (see below).

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