November 2005 Dong-A Ilbo Opinion Poll on the Roh Administration’s Performance & Potential Presidential Candidates

Key Issues
  • President Roh Moo-hyun’s job ratings
  • Favorability ratings of potential presidential candidates
  • Political party preferences
  • Opinions on the current economic situation
  • Opinions on foreign and inter-Korean relations
  • South Koreans’ ideological terrain
Dates Conducted

November 5, 2005

Date Released

November 7, 2005

Methodology

The poll taken of 1,015 South Korean adults aged 20 and older showed their evaluation of the current administration, their favourability of potential presidential candidates, economic and diplomatic outlook in the year of 2006, and opinions on some other critical issues.

Background

This survey, conducted at the beginning of November 2005, examines approval ratings for South Korean president Roh Moo-Hyun as he reaches the halfway point of his term in office, in addition to public expectations of the next president. The poll also assesses public opinion on inter-Korean relations approximately two months after the Six-Party joint statement on the North Korea crisis was issued. The September 19 joint statement outlined a set of principles for a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula and North Korea’s eventual compliance with international nuclear safeguards. As a concession to North Korea, the other parties agreed to discuss the possibility of providing North Korea with civilian-use light-water reactors at “an appropriate time” in the future—and only after the full dismantlement of North Korea’s current nuclear program. Twenty-four hours after the agreement was reached, however, North Korea appeared to backtrack on its original stance by stating that it would not dismantle its nuclear weapons program without receiving light-water reactors first. Finally, the poll looks at where South Koreans place themselves on the ideological spectrum. This includes a key question on how respondents view the Korean Teacher’s Union–a radical organization that has come under mounting criticism for its ideological positions, characterized by extreme anti-Americanism and anti-globalization.

Survey

President Roh Moo-hyun’s job ratings

Q1. How well do you think that President Roh Moo-hyun is doing his job as President?

N = 1015 President Roh’s job ratings (%) Total (%)
Very well Reasonably well Doing a poor job Doing a very poor job Don’t know/No response
Overall 2.7 31.1 41.0 19.0 6.2 100.0
Male 4.0 29.8 40.2 22.4 3.6 100.0
Female 1.5 32.4 41.8 15.7 8.7 100.0
20’s 2.9 46.4 38.0 6.5 6.2 100.0
30’s 5.1 36.0 39.0 13.4 6.4 100.0
40’s 1.6 26.7 44.8 21.8 5.1 100.0
50’s 1.5 19.8 41.9 30.0 6.8 100.0
White collar workers 4.2 30.7 40.4 21.9 2.7 100.0
Blue collar workers 3.3 28.5 49.3 13.0 5.8 100.0
Self-employed 3.2 28.5 33.9 29.7 4.6 100.0
Farmers/forestry business/Fishermen 2.6 33.0 34.2 18.5 11.7 100.0
Housewives 0.9 30.4 42.1 17.9 8.7 100.0
Students 2.8 44.8 43.2 3.8 5.3 100.0
Unemployed/others 3.0 26.8 35.8 24.9 9.5 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 2.5 27.9 44.2 17.4 8.1 100.0
High school graduates 2.4 29.6 39.2 21.6 7.2 100.0
College attendees and higher 2.9 33.6 41.2 18.1 4.1 100.0
Uri party supporters (ruling party) 5.6 65.2 22.7 3.9 2.6 100.0
Grand National Party (GNP) supporters(leading opposition) 1.3 14.0 48.9 30.6 5.2 100.0
Millennium Democratic Party supporters 0.0 24.1 55.4 14.2 6.3 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 4.2 45.6 34.7 12.4 3.0 100.0
The United Liberal Democrats or People First party supporters 3.8 9.6 39.6 28.8 18.3 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 2.4 26.6 43.6 14.2 13.2 100.0
Progressives 4.5 42.4 37.0 12.7 3.4 100.0
Center/Moderates 1.9 33.5 42.9 16.0 5.7 100.0
Conservatives 2.0 15.7 44.8 30.7 6.8 100.0

 

Favorability of Potential Presidential Candidates

Q2. What do you think is the most important capability for running this country that next president should possess?

Capability Overall (%)
Ability to relieve social tensions and strains 20.2
Expertise in foreign relations and diplomacy 10.0
Expertise in economy and ability to solve economic problems 64.7
Ability to prepare re-unification and solve related problems 3.7
Don’t know/ No response 1.4
Total 100.0

 

Q3. What do you think is the most important capability for running this country that next president should possess? (Choose your top and second priorities.)

Capability Overall (%)
Ability to relieve social tensions and strains 54.4
Expertise in foreign relations and diplomacy 37.8
Expertise in economy and ability to solve economic problems 86.5
Ability to prepare re-unification and solve related problems 16.2
Don’t know/ No response 1.5

 

Q4. Among the following presidential candidates, who do you think is the ablest in terms of having expertise in economy and ability to solve economic problems?

Candidate Favorability (%)
GOH Kun (former Prime Minister) 24.4
KIM Geun Tae (former Health & Welfare Minister) 1.8
PARK Geun Hye (Leader of GNP, the leading opposition party) 14.8
SON Hak-kyu (Governor of Kyung-gi province) 1.3
LEE Myung Bak (Mayor ofSeoul) 29.3
LEE Hae-chan (Prime Minister) 4.0
CHUNG Dong-young (former Unification Minister) 5.7
Others 0.7
Don’t know/ No response 18.0
Total 100.0

 

Q5. Who do you think is the ablest presidential candidate in terms of having expertise in foreign relations and diplomatic skills?

Candidate Favorability (%)
GOH Kun (former Prime Minister) 26.6
KIM Geun Tae (former Health & Welfare Minister) 2.5
PARK Geun Hye (Leader of GNP, the leading opposition party) 12.8
SON Hak-kyu (Governor of Kyung-gi province) 3.1
LEE Myung Bak (Mayor ofSeoul) 14.9
LEE Hae-chan (Prime Minister) 5.0
CHUNG Dong-young (former Unification Minister) 13.3
Others 1.1
Don’t know/ No response 20.7
Total 100.0

 

Q6. Who do you think is the best candidate for relieving social tensions and strains?

Candidate Favourability (%)
GOH Kun (former Prime Minister) 29.6
KIM Geun Tae (former Health & Welfare Minister) 3.5
PARK Geun Hye (Leader of GNP, the leading opposition party) 21.9
SON Hak-kyu (Governor of Kyung-gi province) 1.7
LEE Myung Bak (Mayor ofSeoul) 11.4
LEE Hae-chan (Prime Minister) 3.1
CHUNG Dong-young (former Unification Minister) 7.0
Others 0.9
Don’t know/ No response 20.9
Total 100.0

 

Q7. Who do you think is the best candidate for preparing re-unification and solving related problems?

Candidate Favourability (%)
GOH Kun (former Prime Minister) 17.2
KIM Geun Tae (former Health & Welfare Minister) 3.7
PARK Geun Hye (Leader of GNP, the leading opposition party) 10.3
SON Hak-kyu (Governor of Kyung-gi province) 0.9
LEE Myung Bak (Mayor ofSeoul) 8.6
LEE Hae-chan (Prime Minister) 2.6
CHUNG Dong-young (former Unification Minister) 26.1
Others 0.9
Don’t know/ No response 29.7
Total 100.0

 

Q8. Overall, which presidential candidate do you prefer the most?

Candidate Favourability (%)
GOH Kun (former Prime Minister) 26.4
KIM Geun Tae (former Health & Welfare Minister) 3.4
PARK Geun Hye (Leader of GNP, the leading opposition party) 19.3
SON Hak-kyu (Governor of Kyung-gi province) 1.1
LEE Myung Bak (Mayor ofSeoul) 20.5
LEE Hae-chan (Prime Minister) 3.9
CHUNG Dong-young (former Unification Minister) 8.8
Others 1.8
Don’t know/ No response 14.8
Total 100.0

 

Opinions on Political Parties

Reference: Major political parties in South Korea

* Uri Party: the ruling party which President Roh belongs to; ideologically progressive and nationalistic; supporting engagement towards North Korea; having pursued independent foreign policy distancing itself from the US.
* Grand National Party (GNP): the leading opposition party led by Ms PARK Geun Hye, daughter of former president PARK Chung-Hee; ideologically center-right or conservative; skeptical of engaging North Korea; placing more value on the US-ROK alliance
* Millennium Democratic Party (MDP): the former ruling party during the KIM Dae-jung Administration; center or center-left; pro-engagement; having maintained marginal influence since President Roh’s supporters withdrew and established Uri Party
* Democratic Labor Party: established in 2000; based on labor unions and progressive/radical sectors; strongly nationalistic and pressing for independent foreign policy; pro-engagement towards North Korea; anti-American; visibility markedly grown since the general election in 2004 by which the party gained 10 seats in National Assembly.
* The United Liberal Democrats (ULD): very conservative; having secured only several seats in National Assembly
* The People First Party: a new party; organized by a few lawmakers from ULD and politicians who has local power bases based on provincialism.

 

Q9. Assuming that the current party system goes on until next presidential election, which party do you think is most likely to take power?

Uri party GNP MDP Democratic Labor Party ULD or the People First party Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 13.8 68.7 1.6 1.2 0.9 13.8 100.0
Male 15.1 67.9 1.3 1.3 0.8 13.5 100.0
Female 12.6 69.4 2.0 1.0 0.9 14.1 100.0
20’s 19.7 67.7 2.6 2.3 0.0 7.8 100.0
30’s 18.9 67.4 1.0 1.7 0.4 10.6 100.0
40’s 11.4 72.6 1.8 0.0 1.1 12.9 100.0
50’s 7.5 67.4 1.4 0.9 1.7 21.2 100.0
White collar workers 14.6 70.7 1.3 2.5 1.0 9.9 100.0
Blue collar workers 21.5 63.8 4.2 0.0 0.0 10.6 100.0
Self-employed 15.4 68.0 1.0 0.7 1.3 13.6 100.0
Farmers/forestry business/Fishermen 7.1 59.5 0.0 2.3 2.4. 28.6 100.0
Housewives 10.4 71.0 1.6 0.6 0.6 15.8 100.0
Students 14.0 77.4 2.0 2.0 0.0 4.5 100.0
Unemployed/others 11.3 57.7 1.0 0.0 2.1 27.9 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 8.6 61.0 2.6 1.6 1.5 24.7 100.0
High school graduates 13.6 69.8 2.4 1.1 1.1 12.2 100.0
College attendees and higher 16.1 70.9 0.9 1.1 0.6 10.4 100.0
Uri party supporters 38.5 46.6 1.9 1.5 0.4 11.0 100.0
GNP supporters 3.8 89.1 0.8 0.0 0.2 6.0 100.0
MDP supporters 13.2 62.8 11.0 1.8 1.4 9.7 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 20.4 60.1 0.7 5.7 0.0 13.2 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 0.0 48.6 0.0 0.0 21.3 30.2 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 6.3 56.5 1.0 0.5 1.0 34.6 100.0
Progressives 16.9 64.9 2.1 1.3 0.7 14.1 100.0
Center/Moderates 14.2 70.2 2.0 1.1 0.9 11.6 100.0
Conservatives 10.9 74.6 0.3 1.1 0.7 12.3 100.0

 

Q10. Among following political parties in South Korea, which one do you generally prefer the most?

Uri party GNP MDP Democratic Labor Party ULD or the People First party Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 20.6 41.6 5.7 11.9 2.1 18.1 100.0
Male 20.8 37.6 7.0 14.2 2.5 18.0 100.0
Female 20.4 45.5 4.4 9.7 1.7 18.5 100.0
20’s 32.9 30.4 5.1 18.2 0.9 12.6 100.0
30’s 24.0 30.0 5.0 23.0 0.8 17.2 100.0
40’s 18.3 44.2 5.3 6.7 1.7 23.8 100.0
50’s 11.0 56.7 6.8 2.6 4.1 18.8 100.0
White collar workers 21.8 35.5 3.7 18.2 1.8 18.9 100.0
Blue collar workers 15.9 52.0 14.0 9.1 0.9 8.1 100.0
Self-employed 26.1 40.2 5.5 8.1 3.0 17.1 100.0
Farmers/forestry business/Fishermen 12.6 34.0 7.3 9.0 2.4 34.6 100.0
Housewives 16.5 49.3 4.4 9.3 1.6 18.8 100.0
Students 36.3 24.7 6.5 18.4 1.9 12.2 100.0
Unemployed/others 15.8 45.4 4.3 4.8 4.5 25.1 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 12.6 51.8 7.6 2.5 3.5 22.2 100.0
High school graduates 19.8 44.4 7.2 10.0 1.3 17.3 100.0
College attendees and higher 23.9 36.7 4.2 16.4 1.5 17.3 100.0
Uri party supporters 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
GNP supporters 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
MDP supporters 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0
Progressives 29.3 27.7 6.2 19.9 1.7 15.2 100.0
Center/Moderates 21.6 42.7 5.1 10.6 1.6 18.5 100.0
Conservatives 10.1 56.6 6.1 7.2 2.2 17.7 100.0

 

Opinions on Economic Situation

Q11. Do you think your household has been better off or worse off since the inauguration of the Roh Moo-hyun government three years ago?

Better off greatly Better off to some extent Hasn’t changed Worse off to some extent Worse off greatly Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 1.7 6.1 42.2 22.0 27.6 0.4 100.0
Male 2.3 6.5 42.2 22.2 26.5 0.2 100.0
Female 1.2 5.6 42.3 21.7 28.7 0.6 100.0
20’s 2.6 6.0 57.3 22.8 11.4 0.0 100.0
30’s 2.4 9.5 44.3 18.3 24.7 0.9 100.0
40’s 2.3 4.5 44.2 22.5 26.0 0.4 100.0
50’s 0.3 4.5 28.7 23.8 42.5 0.3 100.0
White collar workers 2.3 7.8 53.3 19.5 16.6 0.4 100.0
Blue collar workers 3.3 6.9 36.7 18.8 34.3 0.0 100.0
Self-employed 1.8 2.2 29.6 20.9 45.5 0.0 100.0
Farmers/forestry business/Fishermen 2.1 2.6 34.3 11.6 46.7 2.6 100.0
Housewives 1.8 6.5 39.0 21.6 30.8 0.3 100.0
Students 0.0 7.9 54.0 30.0 8.1 0.0 100.0
Unemployed/Others 0.0 2.9 36.7 31.5 27.9 1.1 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 1.0 4.6 32.0 16.7 45.2 0.6 100.0
High school graduates 2.5 4.5 35.4 20.9 36.0 0.6 100.0
College attendees and higher 1.4 7.7 51.2 24.0 15.8 0.0 100.0
Uri party supporters 3.3 5.9 58.4 19.3 11.1 2.0 100.0
GNP supporters 1.4 4.4 33.2 23.6 37.4 0.0 100.0
MDP supporters 2.0 5.2 39.5 23.4 29.9 0.0 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 1.6 10.9 53.4 14.5 19.6 0.0 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 0.0 8.9 33.4 40.0 17.8 0.0 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 1.0 6.6 39.1 23.5 29.8 0.0 100.0
Progressives 2.9 6.4 50.9 17.9 21.6 0.4 100.0
Center/Moderates 1.4 6.9 42.9 22.6 25.9 0.2 100.0
Conservatives 0.3 4.5 36.0 26.3 32.9 0.0 100.0

 

Q12. How do you see Korean economy in 2006? Do you think it will be improving or falling off?

Improving greatly Improving moderately Little changes Declining to some degree Declining sharply Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 2.2 31.4 35.8 18.5 8.6 3.5 100.0
Male 3.1 32.7 35.7 17.8 7.3 3.4 100.0
Female 1.3 30.2 36.0 19.2 9.8 3.6 100.0
20’s 3.6 36.6 43.7 12.7 30.0 0.4 100.0
30’s 2.0 30.6 42.7 14.6 9.2 0.9 100.0
40’s 2.7 35.5 28.4 23.0 8.5 1.9 100.0
50’s 0.9 25.5 30.4 22.3 11.9 9.0 100.0
White collar workers 2.4 35.4 37.6 17.7 5.5 1.5 100.0
Blue collar workers 3.3 36.3 23.8 21.6 11.8 3.3 100.0
Self-employed 4.7 24.6 35.7 20.5 11.9 2.6 100.0
Farmers/forestry business/Fishermen 2.4 25.6 24.0 16.2 22.5 9.3 100.0
Housewives 0.9 28.6 35.7 19.4 10.1 5.2 100.0
Students 2.2 39.0 47.7 8.5 1.7 0.9 100.0
Unemployed/Others 1.0 27.6 35.0 25.1 5.5 5.8 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 1.6 28.4 25.4 20.7 11.5 12.4 100.0
High school graduates 2.8 28.8 35.5 19.1 11.0 2.8 100.0
College attendees and higher 2.0 34.4 39.2 17.7 5.8 0.9 100.0
Uri party supporters 5.1 40.6 37.3 10.8 3.6 2.6 100.0
GNP supporters 1.1 26.5 33.9 24.1 10.6 3.6 100.0
MDP supporters 1.8 39.6 27.9 6.0 13.7 11.0 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 1.7 28.5 41.4 18.2 9.5 0.7 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 0.0 48.1 28.0 15.9 4.2 3.8 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 1.8 29.8 38.3 18.6 7.8 3.7 100.0
Progressives 5.1 41.5 34.2 13.6 4.9 0.7 100.0
Center/Moderates 1.4 31.6 38.0 19.3 7.4 2.3 100.0
Conservatives 0.0 23.6 36.7 22.0 13.9 3.9 100.0

 

Opinions on Foreign and inter-Korea relations

Q13. Which country do you think the South Korean government should see most important in its diplomatic relations?

US Japan China Russia North Korea Others Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 55.2 3.4 28.6 0.6 8.0 0.4 3.8 100.0
Male 55.6 3.3 28.8 0.5 9.2 0.0 2.6 100.0
Female 54.9 3.5 28.3 0.6 6.9 0.8 5.1 100.0
20’s 49.7 7.1 29.5 1.0 10.6 0.0 2.0 100.0
30’s 48.5 1.6 34.7 0.7 12.2 0.0 2.3 100.0
40’s 54.4 3.9 31.8 0.0 6.6 0.4 2.9 100.0
50’s 65.0 1.9 20.7 0.5 3.9 1.0 7.0 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 59.1 3.3 19.3 0.4 6.1 0.0 11.7 100.0
High school graduates 52.3 3.6 31.1 1.2 9.2 0.0 2.7 100.0
College attendees and higher 56.2 3.4 30.4 0.2 8.1 0.2 1.6 100.0
Uri party supporters 49.4 4.7 32.5 0.5 9.2 0.5 3.2 100.0
GNP supporters 63.9 4.7 23.2 0.5 5.2 0.0 2.5 100.0
MDP supporters 49.0 1.4 28.4 0.0 14.9 0.0 6.4 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 40.4 2.5 39.1 1.5 15.8 0.0 0.7 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 77.1 0.0 8.3 0.0 0.0 14.6 0.0 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 51.1 0.5 31.9 0.4 6.7 0.0 9.4 100.0
Progressives 47.1 2.4 37.5 1.1 10.1 0.4 0.4 100.0
Center/Moderates 55.1 3.2 29.2 0.2 8.5 0.0 3.8 100.0
Conservatives 63.8 5.6 21.1 0.9 6.0 0.0 2.6 100.0

 

Q14. The fifth round of Six-Party Talks will resume presently. Do you think North Korea would give up its nuclear program if it were provided with security guarantee and energy assistance?

Yes, it will give up No, it will not Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 24.4 70.3 5.3 100.0
Male 30.4 64.8 4.9 100.0
Female 18.7 75.7 5.6 100.0
20’s 17.8 80.2 1.9 100.0
30’s 30.0 66.5 3.5 100.0
40’s 28.3 68.7 3.0 100.0
50’s 21.7 67.7 10.5 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 19.0 66.6 14.5 100.0
High school graduates 23.7 72.1 4.1 100.0
College attendees and higher 26.8 71.1 2.0 100.0
Uri party supporters 34.6 61.1 4.3 100.0
GNP supporters 17.9 78.0 4.1 100.0
MDP supporters 25.9 68.8 5.3 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 29.4 68.2 2.4 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 29.4 48.4 22.2 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 23.5 67.6 8.9 100.0
Progressives 33.2 63.4 3.4 100.0
Center/Moderates 26.3 68.6 5.1 100.0
Conservatives 14.7 82.3 3.0 100.0

 

Questions on Ideological Inclinations

Q15. In general, do you approve or disapprove of activities and the way members of the Korean Teachers and Education Workers’ Union (KTU) teach at schools?

* KTU (or Jeon Gyo Jo in Korean) was founded in 1989, but made illegal by the government and the constitutional court ruling. However, it succeeded to make its way to a legal organization in 1999, and attracted many teachers across the country. Some of their initial activities had been viewed favorably, for they were considered to carry out reform against rigid and hierarchical school systems, and increase the awareness of democracy and human rights. Yet, in the past years, KTU has shown extremely skewed ideological biases in classrooms, and therefore they are now widely criticized for their politicization. Most notorious examples include its nationwide campaign in 2002 accusing the US after two school girls had been run over by a US army vehicle, and the recent anti-globalization/anti-APEC summit campaign. Additionally, KTU have designed materials for education campaign, which shocked many parents and the general public because of their crassness. For instance, to arouse anger towards the United States, members of KTU used the pictures of the bodies of the two schoolgirls as teaching materials in primary schools. Along with the Iraq War, the Union distributed test questions that deliberately lead to anti-US answers, claiming to educate students for loving peace. Recent video clips shown at schools for anti-APEC campaign contained lots of curses (f—king Bush) without being filtered, which generated furore and concerns from parents’ associations as well as conservatives in South Korea.

Generally approve Generally Disapprove Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 29.4 52.7 17.9 100.0
Male 28.3 57.3 14.4 100.0
Female 30.4 48.3 21.3 100.0
20’s 37.0 48.0 15.0 100.0
30’s 41.7 42.8 15.5 100.0
40’s 27.6 57.6 14.7 100.0
50’s 15.6 60.2 24.2 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 19.6 45.1 35.3 100.0
High school graduates 33.8 50.2 15.9 100.0
College attendees and higher 29.5 57.6 12.9 100.0
Uri party supporters 36.4 47.9 15.6 100.0
GNP supporters 19.4 65.5 15.0 100.0
MDP supporters 36.7 38.0 25.3 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 54.9 34.3 10.8 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 22.8 45.0 32.2 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 26.0 46.4 27.7 100.0
Progressives 34.1 51.4 14.5 100.0
Center/Moderates 31.1 50.3 18.6 100.0
Conservatives 24.0 64.1 11.8 100.0

 

Q16. Which of the following do you think is closest to your ideological inclination?

Very progressive/radical Moderate progressive Center Moderate conservative Very conservative Don’t know/No response Total (%)
Overall 2.8 22.6 46.4 21.1 1.8 5.3 100.0
Male 3.8 25.8 41.6 21.9 2.8 4.2 100.0
Female 1.9 19.5 51.1 20.2 1.0 6.3 100.0
20’s 3.9 30.4 50.0 12.9 0.9 1.8 100.0
30’s 3.3 25.8 46.1 22.1 1.9 0.8 100.0
40’s 3.4 22.2 47.1 21.6 1.2 4.6 100.0
50’s 1.3 15.0 43.6 25.4 2.9 11.8 100.0
White collar workers 2.3 28.2 45.6 20.8 0.8 2.3 100.0
Blue collar workers 4.8 22.1 48.1 22.7 1.5 0.9 100.0
Self-employed 3.8 27.5 34.0 27.4 3.0 4.3 100.0
Farmers/forestry business/Fishermen 2.4 22.4 32.5 14.3 7.3 21.1 100.0
Housewives 2.5 12.5 55.1 21.5 1.1 7.3 100.0
Students 3.9 38.1 43.9 12.1 1.2 0.9 100.0
Unemployed/Others 0.9 17.2 41.3 24.1 3.9 12.6 100.0
Middle school graduates & lower 1.1 13.4 48.7 15.3 3.5 18.0 100.0
High school graduates 3.4 18.3 47.2 26.5 1.9 2.7 100.0
College attendees and higher 3.1 29.0 45.5 19.6 1.2 1.7 100.0
Uri party supporters 2.2 34.0 48.6 10.7 0.5 3.9 100.0
GNP supporters 2.9 14.1 47.6 28.2 2.9 4.4 100.0
MDP supporters 6.1 21.6 42.0 23.5 1.3 5.5 100.0
Democratic Labor Party supporters 5.7 36.9 41.2 13.0 0.8 2.3 100.0
ULD or People First party supporters 0.0 21.4 35.6 20.2 4.5 18.3 100.0
Independent/Don’t know/No response 0.9 20.4 47.1 20.9 1.4 9.4 100.0
Progressives 11.1 88.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
Center/Moderates 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
Conservatives 0.0 0.0 0.0 91.9 8.1 0.0 100.0

Disclaimer

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