Cabinet Office of Japan 2009 Public Opinion Survey on Diplomacy (09-35)

Cabinet Office of Japan 2009 Public Opinion Survey on Diplomacy

Dates Conducted
December 25 – 27, 2009

Methodology
The Cabinet Office of Japan conducts public opinion polls on Japanese attitudes toward other countries. The nationwide poll surveys 3,000 males and females over the age of 20 by conducting individual interviews. Of the 3,000 polled, 1,850 (61.7%) responded and 1,150 (38.3%) did not. The term (M.T.) indicates a multiple total percentage of those polled who responded to a certain answer in a multiple answer question scenario that is the topic of a further SQ.

Key Issues

  • Japan’s relations toward the United States, China and Korea (with age breakdown)
  • Economic cooperation
  • Japan’s role in the United Nations
  • Foreign economic relations
  • Civic diplomacy and cultural exchanges
  • Government responsiblity for Japanese citizens abroad

Disclaimer
The Mansfield Foundation is responsible for the translation of this Nikkei Shimbun poll, subject to the Mansfield Foundation Terms of Use.

 

Survey

Japan’s Relations with Foreign Countries

Q1: Do you feel close to the United States or not? (Same question for Russia, China, South Korea, etc.) Please choose one of the following.

A) Feel close

B) Tend to feel close

C) Tend not to feel close

D) Don’t feel close

E) Don’t know

A) Feel close B) Tend to feel close C) Tend not to feel close D) Do not feel close E) Don’t know
United States 37.9 41.0 12.6 6.5 1.9
Russia 2.8 12.6 44.4 35.2 5.0
China 9.2 29.3 33.5 25.0 3.0
South Korea 21.7 41.4 19.8 14.4 2.7
India 5.6 24.0 33.2 26.6 10.5
Southeast Asian countries (Thailand, Indonesia, etc.) 8.3 33.7 29.0 20.2 8.9
Oceana (Australia, New Zealand, etc.) 14.9 36.3 22.6 17.7 8.5
Middle East 2.3 10.7 35.4 41.2 10.4

* See below for a comparison to the previous year’s Cabinet Office findings.

Q2. Do you think that the current relationship between Japan and the United States is on the whole good, or not? (Same question for Russia, China, South Korea, and India.) Please choose one of the following.

A) Good

B) Somewhat good

C) Not so good

D) Not good

E) It depends

F) Don’t know

A) Good B) Somewhat good C) Not so good D) Not good E) It depends F) Don’t know
United States 26.1 55.7 12.0 2.4 2.2 1.6
Russia 1.4 20.3 51.6 16.6 2.6 7.5
China 4.1 34.4 39.4 15.8 2.4 3.8
South Korea 12.3 54.2 20.9 6.4 2.2 4.0
India 4.9 33.0 31.9 10.7 4.1 15.4

** See below for a comparison to the previous year’s Cabinet Office findings.

Q3. If you have any interest in North Korean issues, please indicate as many of the following as apply. (M.T.=373.4%)

A) Political system 42.2
B) North-South issues 24.9
C) Negotiations to normalize Japan-North Korean diplomatic relations 24.2
D) Japanese abductee issue 86.7
E) Nuclear issue 76.8
F) Missile issue 67.3
G) North Korean defectors issue 35.2
H) Economic exchange, including trade/culture, sports exchange 11.9
I) Other 0.8
J) Nothing special 3.1
K) Don’t know 0.3

Economic Cooperation

Q4. Developed countries provide economic cooperation, including financial aid and technical assistance, to developing countries. From a comprehensive point of view, what do you think about Japan’s economic cooperation in the future? Please choose one of the following.

A) Should actively promote cooperation 26.8
B) Current level of cooperation is sufficient 48.2
C) Should cut cooperation as much as possible 17.0
D) Should stop completely 2.5
E) Don’t know 5.5

 

Q4SQa. For those who answered, “should actively promote cooperation” in Q4, why do you think so? Please choose as many as apply from the following. (N=495)

(M.T.=351.7)

A) Economic cooperation is an important means of advancing Japanese foreign policy 52.9
B) Without political stability and economic growth in developing countries the Japanese economy cannot advance 48.9
C) Economic assistance for developing countries can help Japan secure stable energy resources 37.2
D) Japan, as the number two global economy, has a responsibility to help developing countries that suffer from accumulated debts 36.8
E) It is the humanitarian duty of advanced countries to help developing countries 49.9
F) Contributing to the stability of developing countries contributes to world peace 50.1
G) Japan will be isolated if only Japan does not provide economic cooperation 23.8
H) Japan should use its technology and experience to solve developing countries’ environmental problems, etc. 51.3
I) Others 0.4
J) No specific reason
K) Don’t know 0.4

Q4SQb. For those who answered “should cut cooperation as much as possible” or “should stop completely” in Q4, why do you think so? Please choose as many as apply from the following. (N=362)

(M.T.=261.9)

A) Japan’s domestic economic condition is not good 76.0
B) It is not clear, in concrete terms, what type of economic cooperation is taking place 37.6
C) There are many cases in which Japan’s current economic cooperation is ineffective due to lack of consideration for on the ground conditions and needs 32.0
D) Do not feel that Japan’s economic cooperation is appreciated by developing countries 29.8
E) Economic cooperation is not fully utilized as Japan’s diplomatic tool 17.4
F) Current economic assistance is insufficient in such areas as coordination with related agencies, management and operation of donated equipment, etc. 13.8
G) Japan’s fiscal situation is not good 53.3
H) Others 1.1
I) No specific reason 0.6
J) Don’t know 0.3

Japan’s Role in the United Nations

Q5. Currently more than 100 countries send personnel for UN peacekeeping operations (PKO). Based on international laws of peace and cooperation, Japan has participated in: UN PKOs in Cambodia, the Golan Heights, East Timor, Sudan and elsewhere; international humanitarian relief activities such as refugee-support in Iraq; and international election monitoring activities in East Timor and Nepal. In the future, do you think that Japan should participate in these humanitarian contributions to international society, or not? Please choose one of the following.

A) Should participate more actively than before 29.4
B) Should participate at the current level 51.0
C) Should participate but at a minimal level 12.1
D) Should not participate 1.7
E) Others 0.5
F) Don’t know 5.3

Q6. At the United Nations, discussion is moving forward on expanding the Security Council in order to strengthen its functions and enhance the representation of each region at the council. What do you think about Japan becoming a permanent member of the Security Council? Please choose one of the following.

A) Support 41.8
B) Tend to support 37.4
C) Tend to oppose 5.3
D) Oppose 1.5
E) Don’t know 14.0

Q6SQa. For those who answered “support” or “tend to support” in Q6, why do you think so? Please choose one of the following. (N=1,466)

A) Japan should actively contribute to world peace in accordance with its global status 25.7
B) It is peculiar that Japan cannot be a part of important decision-making processes while it makes enormous financial contributions to the United Nations 27.1
C) Helps world peace, as Japan is a non-nuclear state with pacifist ideals 28.9
D) Japan can reflect its ideas on important UN decisions involving international security 11.1
E) As another representative from Asia on the Security Council, Japan can improve the regional imbalance in the United Nations 8.0
F) Others
G) Don’t know 1.2

Q6SQb. For those who answered “tend to oppose” or “oppose” in Q6, why do you think so? Please choose one of the following. (N=125)

A) Once Japan becomes a permanent member of the Security Council it will have to make even greater financial contributions to the UN than now 24.8
B) Once Japan becomes a permanent member of the Security Council, it will have to actively participate in the UN’s military activities 23.2
C) Can make enough international contributions in such non-military areas as economic, social and environmental issues without becoming a permanent member of the Security Council 24.7
D) Should revise the Constitution before Japan becomes a permanent member of the Security Council 12.3
E) The Security Council does not have the power to resolve global disputes 10.4
F) Others 4.0
G) Don’t know 6.4

 

External Economy

Q7. On which areas do you think Japan should focus when it promotes its economic relations with foreign countries? Please choose as many as apply.

(M.T.=264.7)

A) Promotion of liberalization of trade and investment, through the use of such mechanisms as free trade agreements (FTAs), economic partnership agreements (EPAs), investment agreements (BIT), and World Trade Organization (WTO) initiatives with specific countries and regions. 35.4
B) Securing energy resources, including mineral resources 60.7
C) Securing food 46.6
D) Promotion of direct investment in Japan 11.8
E) Support for Japanese corporations’ overseas activities 33.1
F) Protection of intellectual property rights, including patents 21.5
G) Promotion of tourism to Japan 24.5
H) Promotion of understanding about the Japanese economy among foreign countries (more active public relations) 23.0
I) Others 0.1
J) Nothing in particular 2.4
K) Don’t know 5.5

 

Protection of Japanese Nationals

Q8. What do you think about protection of, and support for, Japanese nationals who encounter traffic accidents, crimes, illness, terror and other accidents and incidents while overseas? Please choose one of the following.

A) Individuals or home companies/organizations should be responsible for dealing with them on their own 8.4
B) Individuals or home companies/organizations should deal with them on their own as much as possible, but if they cannot, the government, embassies and consulates should provide protection and support 39.8
C) Even if individuals or home companies/organizations can deal with them on their own, the government, embassies and consulates should actively provide protection and support 25.0
D) Under any circumstances, the government, embassies and consulates should provide protection and support 23.6
E) Other 0.5
F) Don’t know 2.8

 

Roles that Japan Should Play

Q9. What do you think are the main roles that Japan should play in the international community? Please choose as many as apply.

(M.T.=340.9)

A) Humanitarian aid, including efforts toward advancing international peace through the peaceful resolution of regional conflicts 57.7
B) Contributions to maintaining world peace through disarmament and non-proliferation 42.1
C) International efforts to spread universal values, such as freedom, democracy, fundamental human rights and the rule of law 30.1
D) Humanitarian support for refugees and displaced people 41.5
E) Contributions toward healthy growth of the global economy 38.1
F) Cooperation to develop developing countries 37.7
G) Contributions to solving global issues such as the environment and global climate change 62.8
H) Contributions to international cultural exchanges, such as cooperation in preserving each country’s cultural heritage 25.4
I) Others 0.1
J) Nothing in particular 1.6
K) Don’t know 4.0

<Fact Sheet>

F1. Gender

Male 47.3
Female 52.7

 

F2. Age

20-24 3.9
25-29 3.8
30-34 6.5
35-39 8.5
40-44 7.8
45-49 9.2
50-54 8.3
55-59 10.9
60-64 11.4
65-69 10.5
70- 19.2

 

F3. Employment situation. We will now ask about your job. Which applies to you?

Employer (including executives) 46.6
Self-employed (including those who work from home) 9.5
Family business worker 2.6
Unemployed (including housewives and students) 41.2

 

F3SQa. Occupation. What is the content of your work? (N=1,088)

Management 6.8
Specialist/Technician 11.5
Clerical worker 21.4
Sales, service, security 27.4
Agriculture, forestry, fishery 5.1
Manufacturing, transportation, construction, labor 27.8

 

F3SQb. Housewife and other unemployed. Are you a housewife? (N=762)

Housewife 58.9
Other unemployed 41.1

 

 

* Compared to the previous year’s Cabinet Office poll, the percentage of respondents who “feel close” to another country (including “tend to feel close) and those who “do not feel close” (including “tend not to feel close).

Country “Feel close”2008 “Feel close”2009 “Do not feel close”2008 “Do not feel close”2009
United States 73.3 78.9 24.8 19.1
Russia 13 15.4 83.4 79.6
China 31.8 38.5 66.6 58.5
South Korea 57.1 63.1 40.9 34.2

 

** Compared to the previous year’s Cabinet Office poll, the percentage of respondents who “think it [Japan’s relations with another country] is good” (including “think it is fairly good”) and those who “do not think it is good” (including “do not think it is all that good”).

Country “Think it is good”2008 “Think it is good”2009 “Not good”2008 “Not good”2009
United States 68.9 81.8 28.1 14.4
Russia 20.5 21.7 72.5 68.2
China 23.7 38.5 71.9 55.2
South Korea 49.5 66.5 45.9 27.3

Sign me up for weekly updates

* Email
* First Name
* Last Name
Affiliation
* = Required Field