Chosun Ilbo March 2008 Opinion Polls (08-03)

Chosun Ilbo March 2008 Opinion Poll Commemorating 60th Anniversary of Korea

Date Conducted

March 1, 2008

Date Released

March 5, 2008

Methodology

The poll was conducted by a telephone interview of 724 South Korean adults aged 19 and older on 1 March 2008. The 724 interviewees were selected based on the general population’s ratio of region, sex, education, job and age.

Key Issues

  • Opinions on the biggest achievement since the establishment of Republic of Korea
  • Popularity of past Presidents
  • Opinions on relations with U.S., Japan, China, Russia, and North Korea
  • Evaluations of Korea’s development in various social sectors
  • Opinions on Korea’s international status

Link to Original Source

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500047.html

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500031.html

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500037.html

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500052.html

Disclaimer

The Mansfield Foundation is responsible for the translation of this survey research, subject to the Mansfield Foundation Terms of Use.

Survey

Poll Summary
Sampleof Study 19 or older male/female acrossSouth Korea
Size of Sample Valid Sample of 724 People
Sampling Error 95% Confidence Interval ±3.6% point
Method of Survey Telephone Interview
Term of Survey March 1, 2008 (Saturday)
Survey Requested by Chosun Ilbo
Survey Conducted by Gallup Korea

 

Question 1. This year is the 60th Anniversary of Republic of Korea since its establishment. What do you think is the biggest achievement during the past 60 years? (N=724)

Total Sample Saemaeu Movement 5-year economic development plan and heavy and chemical industry growth 1988 Seoul Olympics Seoul-Busan Expressway Gwangju Democratization Movement 2002 World Cup and advancement to semi-final stage 4.19 Revolution
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 34.0 19.1 10.9 9.3 6.4 3.8 3.0
Gender
-Male 358 30.2 24.2 7.4 12.0 6.7 2.9 3.4
-Female 366 37.8 14.1 14.3 6.6 6.1 4.6 2.7
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 21.4 22.5 15.0 5.2 6.8 7.2 8.1
-from 30 to 39 166 24.9 16.4 13.1 12.4 11.2 3.9 1.5
-from 40 to 49 163 36.4 24.5 6.1 10.2 7.7 3.2 1.3
-over 50 241 46.8 15.2 10.0 9.1 2.0 1.8 1.9
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 24.5 19.4 11.6 7.7 7.6 7.0 10.9
-from 30 to 39 85 22.6 19.9 12.8 17.2 7.9 .0 1.6
-from 40 to 49 83 28.8 33.3 4.9 9.2 7.9 3.7 .0
-over 50 111 41.0 24.1 2.2 13.2 4.4 1.7 1.8
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 18.1 25.8 18.5 2.5 5.9 7.4 5.1
-from 30 to 39 81 27.3 12.6 13.3 7.4 14.7 7.9 1.4
-from 40 to 49 80 44.2 15.3 7.3 11.2 7.5 2.7 2.7
-over 50 130 51.8 7.5 16.7 5.6 .0 2.0 2.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 52.7 6.8 5.3 4.5 3.4 3.0 2.4
-high school 225 40.5 15.2 18.0 9.2 3.3 4.2 .3
-college or higher 421 27.1 23.4 8.1 10.2 8.6 3.6 4.6
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 31.9 16.6 8.8 11.0 7.8 .0 .0
-self-employed 77 38.2 19.3 8.4 15.4 7.0 1.5 .0
-blue-collar 73 38.5 21.0 12.8 7.4 6.1 1.1 .0
-white-collar 190 33.3 23.3 7.2 10.3 6.1 1.3 3.1
-full-time housewife 197 36.7 10.3 17.9 9.0 6.3 5.7 1.7
-student 93 21.0 26.8 9.2 4.4 8.8 7.4 9.8
-unemployed and other 68 37.4 20.7 4.9 8.0 3.4 6.7 5.0
Region
-Seoul 154 25.1 19.7 14.8 7.1 7.8 3.0 7.3
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 32.0 22.7 9.1 11.0 6.4 4.6 2.3
-Gangwon 22 32.6 30.3 6.8 9.1 .0 4.5 .0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 41.6 10.4 8.5 11.9 4.2 7.1 2.7
-Gwangju/Jeoll 76 25.9 15.2 23.6 2.2 11.8 3.3 1.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 56.7 16.9 5.5 5.8 .9 1.8 .0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 35.3 19.1 6.5 14.2 6.9 3.0 2.8
-Jeju 8 31.3 25.0 6.3 12.5 12.5 .0 .0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 31.5 20.0 13.0 8.5 6.4 2.8 4.2
-Small and medium-sized city 311 35.8 19.6 8.9 10.2 6.8 4.5 2.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 39.8 10.8 8.7 9.0 4.3 5.7 1.2
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 31.7 20.8 7.9 9.5 5.7 4.6 3.6
-Middle country 313 35.4 18.4 13.7 8.7 6.4 3.2 1.8
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 37.2 15.7 11.5 10.1 8.8 2.8 5.3

(continued)

 

1987 Democratization Movement and 6.29 Declaration $20,000 of GDP per capita South-North Summit Strong Semiconductor Industry Admission into OECD Admission of two Koreas into UN at the same time Do not know / no response Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.5 1.5 .5 .7 100.0
Gender
-Male 4.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 1.3 .2 .5 100.0
-Female 2.0 3.2 2.9 2.5 1.7 .8 .8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 3.5 1.6 1.9 4.6 1.4 .9 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 3.3 2.5 5.6 2.2 1.7 1.0 .4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 4.2 1.8 1.3 1.8 .4 .0 1.0 100.0
-over 50 1.5 4.6 1.8 1.7 2.3 .2 1.0 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 2.8 1.7 1.4 2.7 2.7 .0 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 5.2 3.1 6.7 2.0 1.0 .0 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 7.4 2.7 .0 .9 .0 .0 1.2 100.0
-over 50 1.3 2.6 1.2 3.8 1.4 .5 .8 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 4.2 1.6 2.3 6.7 .0 1.8 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 1.4 2.0 4.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 .9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 .9 .9 2.7 2.8 .9 .0 .9 100.0
-over 50 1.7 6.4 2.3 .0 2.9 .0 1.1 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower .7 10.6 3.8 .0 4.8 .0 1.8 100.0
-high school 1.3 2.6 1.0 2.1 .7 .5 1.1 100.0
-college or higher 4.3 1.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 .6 .2 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries .0 .0 21.5 .0 .0 2.3 .0 100.0
-self-employed 1.7 3.8 .0 1.2 2.2 .0 1.3 100.0
-blue-collar 2.9 1. 3.6 3.9 .0 0 1.0 100.0
-white-collar 6.9 2.8 1.0 3.6 .4 .2 .5 100.0
-full-time housewife .9 4.3 1.5 1.5 2.9 .6 .7 100.0
-student 3.2 1.2 3.1 1.2 2.3 1.5 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other .0 2.6 4.1 4.9 1.2 .0 1.1 100.0
Region
-Seoul 5.8 .9 1.2 3.6 1.2 .9 1.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 2.5 1.7 1.9 3.0 1.7 .4 .7 100.0
-Gangwon .0 13.6 .0 3.0 .0 .0 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 4.6 5.0 .0 1.4 2.5 .0 .0 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 1.8 2.5 10.1 .6 2.6 2.0 .0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 1.5 2.9 4.8 2.0 1.2 .0 .0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 1.5 3.6 1.3 2.3 2.6 .0 .8 100.0
-Jeju .0 12.5 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 3.9 2.0 1.9 2.4 1.6 .7 1.1 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 1.5 4.2 2.1 2.6 1.5 .1 .2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 4.6 1.2 9.6 2.5 1.4 1.0 .0 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 4.0 3.6 2.7 3.6 1.5 .2 .5 100.0
-Middle country 2.5 3.0 1.9 1.5 2.0 .9 .5 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country .8 .0 4.3 1.7 .0 .0 1.9 100.0

 

Q. 2 Please evaluate achievements of the past Presidents (Syngman Rhee, Cheong-hee Park, Doo-hwan Chun, Tae-woo Rho, Young-sam Kim, Dae-jung Kim, Moo-hyun Roh) by giving them scores from 0 to 100 (“Very well performed” 100, “Average” 50, “Very badly performed” 0).

Cheong-hee Park Dae-jung Kim Syngman Rhee Moo-hyun Roh Doo-hwan Chun Young-sam Kim Tae-woo Rho
Score Score Score Score Score Score %
Total 78.9 55.2 53.9 48.4 44.0 42.5 38.6
Gender
-Male 79.2 54.9 51.5 47.4 45.0 41.9 37.6
-Female 78.5 55.5 56.3 49.4 43.0 43.1 39.7
Age
-from 19 to 29 72.4 64.4 52.5 55.0 36.3 46.6 37.8
-from 30 to 39 76.2 63.0 52.5 59.5 45.0 44.4 40.2
-from 40 to 49 79.3 53.0 50.4 44.7 46.8 40.8 37.6
-over 50 84.4 45.4 57.9 38.8 46.1 39.7 38.8
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 74.8 62.8 50.6 55.0 35.3 44.3 35.3
-from 30 to 39 77.0 63.4 50.4 60.6 48.2 45.1 41.3
-from 40 to 49 80.0 50.1 48.0 40.4 48.0 38.1 36.4
-over 50 83.4 46.4 55.6 37.0 46.7 40.6 37.2
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 69. 66.1 54.6 55.0 37.3 49.1 40.4
-from 30 to 39 75.5 62.5 55.1 58.3 41.7 43.7 39.0
-from 40 to 49 78.7 56.0 53.2 49.2 45.6 43.6 39.0
-over 50 85.2 44.4 60.0 40.4 45.5 38.9 40.1
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 87.2 54.3 60.9 45.9 45.7 40.3 41.8
-high school 80.6 48.7 53.4 41.0 45.1 38.0 37.1
-college or higher 76.4 58.9 52.8 52.7 43.0 45.2 38.9
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 80.5 55.4 51.1 50.4 33.0 42.7 40.7
-self-employed 80.8 50.7 48.4 39.0 45.3 38.1 35.7
-blue-collar 80.5 50.7 51.3 43.2 48.3 37.2 36.1
-white-collar 78.1 57.0 54.3 51.9 44.8 45.3 38.7
-full-time housewife 80.1 53.0 57.2 48.1 44.7 41.4 39.8
-student 73.3 65.8 52.5 58.8 38.4 50.0 40.5
-unemployed and other 80.4 51.9 55.4 40.4 44.4 38.1 37.8
Region
-Seoul 76.8 58.3 56.8 49.1 45.5 44.2 39.6
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 80.2 55.6 53.6 45.7 42.6 43.4 37.4
-Gangwon 82.3 45.7 61.6 40.2 49.1 36.5 42.2
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 81.0 51.5 54.0 50.2 40.9 36.8 35.2
-Gwangju/Jeolla 64.3 62.2 46.9 55.2 34.1 36.8 33.2
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 87.0 54.3 54.9 48.6 53.3 46.1 45.7
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 81.6 51.0 53.9 48.0 46.5 44.9 40.1
-Jeju 76.3 51.8 35.6 44.7 26.0 39.7 31.9
Size of Region
-Big city 78.6 54.6 54.7 48.2 44.7 42.2 38.4
-Small and medium-sized city 79.0 56.0 52.9 48.0 42.9 42.8 38.5
-Eup/Myeon 79.4 54.9 54.2 51.7 45.0 42.7 40.4
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 80.6 55.5 55.0 50.8 44.3 45.8 40.2
-Middle country 78.0 56.7 54.1 48.1 44.1 41.2 38.8
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 76.0 48.9 48.8 40.8 42.2 34.9 32.1

 

Q3. Among politicians, who do you like or favor most? Please name two people. (Top 5)

Total Sample Cheong-hee Park Dae-jung Kim Myung-bak Lee Moo-hyun Roh Koo Kim
% % % % % %
Total 724 37.6 14.7 9.4 7.6 6.6
Gender
-Male 358 39.1 17.4 9.0 6.9 7.8
-Female 366 36.1 12.0 9.8 8.2 5.5
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 23.1 12.1 15.5 13.7 1.7
-from 30 to 39 166 23.1 21.2 5.9 10.5 7.5
-from 40 to 49 163 38.8 13.9 8.8 4.7 10.3
-over 50 241 55.9 12.3 8.2 3.6 6.6
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 25.8 13.7 15.8 11.3 .0
-from 30 to 39 85 30.3 27.2 6.9 11.6 10.2
-from 40 to 49 83 38.4 10.6 6.8 3.1 14.3
-over 50 111 55.7 17.6 7.4 3.1 6.6
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 20.2 10.4 15.1 16.2 3.4
-from 30 to 39 81 15.7 15.0 4.9 9.4 4.7
-from 40 to 49 80 39.3 17.3 11.0 6.4 6.3
-over 50 130 56.0 7.7 9.0 4.0 6.7
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 62.7 22.4 6.0 6.5 4.3
-high school 225 41.5 10.4 11.1 2.8 6.0
-college or higher 421 30.8 15.5 9.1 10.3 7.3
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 38.7 27.2 5.9 .0 .0
-self-employed 77 57.3 22.5 14.7 1.9 4.9
-blue-collar 73 34.7 14.6 9.5 6.0 2.8
-white-collar 190 32.2 13.5 5.7 8.6 12.4
-full-time housewife 197 38.5 11.2 8.4 5.6 7.3
-student 93 22.4 10.9 16.4 16.0 1.2
-unemployed and other 68 50.9 19.4 8.2 9.8 4.4
Region
-Seoul 154 33.4 15.0 12.3 6.2 7.1
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 38.0 15.6 8.3 7.4 8.6
-Gangwon 22 54.5 .0 6.8 18.2 .0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 35.2 8.6 5.0 8.0 6.8
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 21.3 36.5 .0 8.4 5.9
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 50.9 6.3 20.2 9.4 4.1
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 43.2 9.7 10.2 6.2 6.4
-Jeju 8 25.0 25.0 .0 .0 .0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 37.5 14.0 11.8 7.1 6.7
-Small and medium-sized city 311 38.0 13.9 7.6 8.3 7.3
-Eup/Myeon 58 35.4 22.7 4.0 6.6 2.3
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 39.1 13.4 9.3 8.6 7.3
-Middle country 313 39.4 16.7 9.3 6.0 7.4
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 26.2 12.0 10.1 9.3 1.6

 

Q4. Among businessmen, who do you like or favor most? Please name two people. (Top 5)

Total Sample Ju-yung Chung Kun-Hee Lee Byung-chul Lee Ilhan New Kookhyun Moon
% % % % % %
Total 724 63.7 25.9 22.0 6.2 5.4
Gender
-Male 358 65.1 23.9 26.3 4.2 6.3
-Female 366 62.4 27.9 17.7 8.1 4.5
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 40.9 28.3 7.3 2.2 10.0
-from 30 to 39 166 57.6 27.2 17.7 5.3 8.3
-from 40 to 49 163 73.9 28.1 22.6 6.8 5.3
-over 50 241 75.6 22.2 33.8 9.0 .6
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 35.2 29.8 9.6 1.0 8.9
-from 30 to 39 85 60.2 26.5 23.0 4.4 12.3
-from 40 to 49 83 77.6 22.1 27.2 6.5 4.6
-over 50 111 80.7 19.1 40.1 4.7 1.3
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 46.8 26.6 4.9 3.4 11.1
-from 30 to 39 81 55.0 27.9 12.1 6.2 4.1
-from 40 to 49 80 70.0 34.3 17.9 7.2 6.1
-over 50 130 71.3 24.8 28.5 12.7 .0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 61.5 24.2 26.2 4.1 2.6
-high school 225 71.5 26.0 22.1 6.9 3.6
-college or higher 421 59.9 26.2 21.1 6.2 6.9
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 56.1 6.3 10.8 7.8 7.8
-self-employed 77 79.7 26.6 32.6 4.7 4.7
-blue-collar 73 64.6 32.8 18.3 2.7 5.2
-white-collar 190 64.5 21.0 26.5 6.8 7.0
-full-time housewife 197 68.9 30.5 18.7 12.1 2.3
-student 93 39.3 32.7 8.5 .0 10.0
-unemployed and other 68 63.7 16.7 33.2 .7 3.9
Region
-Seoul 154 64.7 21.2 25.7 7.4 6.9
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 61.4 27.0 18.7 4.0 4.6
-Gangwon 22 62.9 30.3 15.9 4.5 11.4
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 61.1 28.5 17.7 4.1 6.3
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 59.5 22.1 8.7 23.8 5.8
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 67.4 28.4 26.5 2.5 2.9
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 68.9 28.9 32.6 1.3 4.9
-Jeju 8 56.3 25.0 12.5 .0 0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 70.0 25.2 25.6 7.3 6.6
-Small and medium-sized city 311 58.4 28.2 20.2 4.5 3.8
-Eup/Myeon 58 53.4 18.0 8.6 8.3 6.7
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 62.3 25.7 27.1 3.8 6.4
-Middle country 313 68.0 28.1 20.2 9.1 4.8
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 54.3 19.4 10.2 4.6 3.9

 

Q5. How positive or negative an influence do you think the U.S. has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

Total Sample very positive ,slightly positive +, fslightly negative “very negative f+” Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 26.9 53.8 80.7 14.0 3.2 17.2 2.0 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 34.4 50.1 84.5 12.3 2.3 14.6 .8 100.0
-Female 366 19.5 57.5 77.0 15.7 4.1 19.8 3.2 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 12.6 64.4 77.0 17.4 4.0 21.4 1.6 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 12.7 60.5 73.2 20.5 5.7 26.2 .7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 28.2 55.3 83.6 13.5 2.9 16.4 .0 100.0
-over 50 241 44.8 41.5 86.4 7.8 1.2 9.0 4.6 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 18.6 66.6 85.2 11.0 2.4 13.4 1.4 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 15.8 58.3 74.1 23.7 2.2 25.9 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 38.1 48.8 86.9 10.4 2.7 13.1 .0 100.0
-over 50 111 57.2 33.2 90.3 6.1 2.0 8.0 1.7 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 6.3 62.1 68.4 24.1 5.6 29.8 1.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 9.4 62.7 72.2 17.1 9.3 26.4 1.4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 18.0 62.1 80.1 16.8 3.1 19.9 .0 100.0
-over 50 130 34.3 48.7 83.0 9.3 .6 9.9 7.2 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 32.1 50.8 82.9 7.7 2.0 9.7 7.3 100.0
-high school 225 30.0 49.9 79.9 14.1 3.1 17.2 2.9 100.0
-college or higher 421 24.2 56.5 80.8 15.2 3.5 18.7 .6 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 42.0 32.5 74.5 21.9 3.6 25.5 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 28.1 54.5 82.7 15.6 .9 16.6 .8 100.0
-blue-collar 73 14.2 66.7 80.8 15.2 3.1 18.4 .8 100.0
-white-collar 190 29.8 48.5 78.3 16.0 4.3 20.3 1.5 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 25.3 55.2 80.5 12.1 2.8 14.9 4.6 100.0
-student 93 14.7 66.8 81.4 13.1 5.4 18.6 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 46.4 40.8 87.2 9.4 .9 10.2 2.6 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 27.2 54.1 81.3 13.6 2.5 16.1 2.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 24.2 59.0 83.1 12.1 2.5 14.6 2.3 100.0
-Gangwon 22 23.5 72.0 95.5 4.5 .0 4.5 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 21.9 59.1 81.0 12.1 1.8 14.0 5.0 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 32.0 36.6 68.7 23.5 6.3 29.8 1.5 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 31.1 50.6 81.7 14.5 1.9 16.4 1.9 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 29.5 50.5 80.0 15.4 4.6 20.0 .0 100.0
-Jeju 8 12.5 68.8 81.3 .0 18.8 18.8 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 30.9 51.1 82.0 13.5 3.0 16.5 1.5 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 22.2 60.0 82.2 12.8 3.4 16.2 1.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 27.7 37.3 64.9 24.1 3.6 27.7 7.4 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 31.2 53.2 84.4 11.2 2.0 13.1 2.5 100.0
-Middle country 313 25.8 57.8 83.6 13.2 2.1 15.2 1.1 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 15.7 42.6 58.3 26.8 11.3 38.1 3.7 100.0

 

Q6. How positive or negative an influence do you think Japan has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 4.1 44.6 48.7 35.9 13.7 49.6 1.7 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.1 50.4 55.5 32.0 10.9 42.9 1.7 100.0
-Female 366 3.1 39.0 42.0 39.6 16.5 56.2 1.8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 1.3 49.9 51.2 35.5 10.8 46.3 2.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 3.8 43.2 47.0 45.4 7.1 52.5 .4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 6.8 53.9 60.7 28.4 9.4 37.8 1.4 100.0
-over 50 241 4.1 35.9 40.0 34.6 23.0 57.6 2.3 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 1.0 59.0 60.1 23.9 13.0 36.8 3.1 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 4.1 41.8 45.9 51.0 3.1 54.1 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 9.0 60.9 69.9 23.2 5.9 29.1 1.0 100.0
-over 50 111 5.8 42.9 48.8 29.9 19.0 48.8 2.4 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 1.6 40.3 41.9 47.7 8.6 56.3 1.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 3.5 44.7 48.2 39.5 11.4 50.9 .9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 4.5 46.7 51.3 33.9 13.0 46.9 1.9 100.0
-over 50 130 2.7 29.9 32.6 38.6 26.5 65.2 2.3 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 4.7 29.9 34.6 34.1 28.1 62.2 3.2 100.0
-high school 225 5.8 37.2 43.0 35.3 18.1 53.5 3.5 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.0 51.3 54.3 36.5 8.7 45.2 .5 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 10.8 33.0 43.7 30.3 20.8 51.1 5.2 100.0
-self-employed 77 3.5 48.1 51.6 35.6 12.1 47.6 .8 100.0
-blue-collar 73 10.2 44.2 54.4 36.9 8.0 44.8 .8 100.0
-white-collar 190 3.6 52.6 56.2 32.8 8.4 41.2 2.6 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 3.8 38.1 41.9 38.3 18.3 56.6 1.5 100.0
-student 93 .9 48.8 49.7 37.6 12.7 50.3 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 2.2 36.3 38.5 36.4 22.0 58.4 3.1 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 2.6 44.9 47.4 35.1 15.6 50.7 1.8 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 5.3 45.4 50.8 36.0 11.7 47.7 1.6 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 30.3 30.3 57.6 12.1 69.7 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 2.2 51.3 53.5 40.9 3.4 44.3 2.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 7.2 23.4 30.6 38.6 28.3 66.9 2.5 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 6.0 42.5 48.6 31.3 17.0 48.4 3.0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 1.9 55.7 57.7 31.7 10.0 41.7 .7 100.0
-Jeju 8 12.5 56.3 68.8 18.8 12.5 31.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.3 47.1 51.4 31.0 15.9 46.9 1.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 3.9 42.9 46.8 40.8 11.2 52.0 1.2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 3.5 38.5 41.9 39.3 14.1 53.3 4.7 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 5.0 45.7 50.7 34.0 12.8 46.8 2.6 100.0
-Middle country 313 4.4 45.2 49.6 34.8 14.7 49.5 .9 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 .0 38.8 38.8 45.9 13.6 59.5 1.7 100.0

 

Q7. How positive or negative an influence do you think China has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 6.3 50.6 56.9 32.6 7.8 40.4 2.7 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 6.3 50.9 57.2 33.4 7.8 41.2 1.5 100.0
-Female 366 6.2 50.4 56.6 31.8 7.9 39.6 3.8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 5.3 57.1 62.4 26.5 10.4 36.9 .7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 5.3 54.1 59.4 36.1 3.4 39.4 1.1 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 7.7 51.9 59.7 32.6 4.9 37.5 2.8 100.0
-over 50 241 6.6 43.3 49.9 33.9 11.3 45.2 4.9 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 4.2 51.5 55.7 30.6 12.3 42.9 1.4 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 4.7 52.9 57.6 37.6 4.8 42.4 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 9.1 50.4 59.5 37.3 2.2 39.5 1.0 100.0
-over 50 111 7.1 49.3 56.3 29.2 11.2 40.4 3.3 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 6.4 62.9 69.4 22.3 8.4 30.6 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 6.0 55.4 61.4 34.5 1.8 36.3 2.3 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 6.3 53.5 59.8 27.8 7.7 35.5 4.7 100.0
-over 50 130 6.2 38.1 44.3 37.9 11.5 49.4 6.3 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 7.0 41.6 48.6 37.5 5.4 42.9 8.5 100.0
-high school 225 8.3 42.0 50.3 33.4 12.6 45.9 3.8 100.0
-college or higher 421 5.1 57.0 62.0 31.2 5.8 37.0 1.0 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 3.2 45.9 49.1 38.8 3.1 41.9 9.0 100.0
-self-employed 77 6.4 43.6 50.0 38.8 9.2 48.0 2.0 100.0
-blue-collar 73 8.0 46.8 54.8 39.6 4.9 44.4 .8 100.0
-white-collar 190 4.9 61.5 66.4 28.3 3.6 31.9 1.7 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 7.0 46.7 53.7 33.8 8.8 42.7 3.6 100.0
-student 93 8.7 53.3 62.0 26.1 11.8 38.0 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 3.8 42.0 45.8 32.6 14.8 47.4 6.8 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 3.5 51.9 55.4 31.4 10.0 41.4 3.1 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 7.6 53.8 61.4 28.4 8.2 36.6 2.0 100.0
-Gangwon 22 9.8 51.5 61.4 31.8 6.8 38.6 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 8.6 53.0 61.6 32.8 3.4 36.2 2.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 4.1 40.9 45.0 32.5 19.7 52.2 2.7 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 6.5 44.1 50.6 40.8 2.8 43.6 5.8 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 6.5 53.9 60.3 34.1 3.5 37.6 2.1 100.0
-Jeju 8 12.5 31.3 43.8 56.3 .0 56.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.7 51.6 56.3 31.4 9.2 40.5 3.1 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 7.9 50.3 58.2 33.5 6.8 40.4 1.4 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 7.5 46.4 53.9 34.8 5.0 39.8 6.3 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 6.8 51.9 58.7 31.3 6.0 37.3 4.0 100.0
-Middle country 313 6.4 50.6 57.0 32.5 9.1 41.6 1.4 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 4.2 46.5 50.7 36.9 9.9 46.8 2.5 100.0

 

Q8. How positive or negative an influence do you think Russia has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 2.2 38.0 40.3 37.2 6.4 43.6 16.1 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 2.3 39.7 42.0 41.2 6.9 48.0 10.0 100.0
-Female 366 2.2 36.3 38.6 33.3 6.0 39.3 22.2 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 2.0 40.9 42.9 42.1 2.7 44.8 12.3 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 .4 42.9 43.4 39.3 3.3 42.6 14.1 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 3.9 37.4 41.3 37.1 4.9 42.0 16.6 100.0
-over 50 241 2.5 33.2 35.7 32.7 11.9 44.6 19.7 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 1.0 31.3 32.3 52.7 5.2 57.9 9.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 .0 48.7 48.7 38.2 5.4 43.6 7.7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 4.1 40.1 44.2 39.8 3.8 43.6 12.2 100.0
-over 50 111 3.4 38.6 42.1 36.3 11.5 47.7 10.2 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 3.1 50.9 54.0 31.1 .0 31.1 14.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 .9 36.9 37.8 40.4 1.1 41.5 20.8 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 3.7 34.7 38.4 34.2 6.2 40.4 21.3 100.0
-over 50 130 1.7 28.5 30.2 29.7 12.3 42.0 27.8 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 .9 33.7 34.7 31.1 3.4 34.5 30.8 100.0
-high school 225 3.0 32.6 35.6 3.1 10.0 44.1 20.4 100.0
-college or higher 421 2.1 41.7 43.8 40.0 5.1 45.1 11.1 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 .0 55.2 55.2 16.3 5.2 21.4 23.4 100.0
-self-employed 77 4.5 50.0 54.5 28.1 3.1 31.2 14.2 100.0
-blue-collar 73 1.8 34.7 36.5 41.8 5.2 46.9 16.5 100.0
-white-collar 190 1.6 35.4 37.0 45.2 6.6 51.8 11.2 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 1.5 35.5 37.0 29.4 7.8 37.2 25.8 100.0
-student 93 3.4 43.9 47.3 39.1 4.4 43.6 9.1 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 3.4 27.8 31.2 48.1 10.1 58.2 10.6 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 1.0 43.6 44.6 36.3 5.3 41.6 13.8 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 1.9 38.6 40.5 38.1 5.8 43.9 15.6 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 48.5 48.5 34.1 .0 34.1 17.4 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 1.1 37.1 38.2 30.0 8.1 38.1 23.7 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 4.2 32.3 36.6 35.5 17.7 53.2 10.2 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 .9 35.2 36.1 41.6 1.2 42.8 21.1 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 5.4 34.7 40.1 38.4 5.5 43.9 16.0 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 25.0 25.0 62.5 .0 62.5 12.5 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 2.3 37.5 39.7 36.7 7.6 44.3 16.0 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 2.1 39.2 41.3 39.5 5.3 44.7 14.0 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 2.8 35.1 38.0 28.3 4.9 33.2 28.8 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 2.4 37.2 39.6 39.8 3.5 43.3 17.1 100.0
-Middle country 313 1.6 38.7 40.3 34.7 9.5 44.2 15.4 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 3.8 38.3 42.1 36.7 6.0 42.6 15.3 100.0

 

Q9. How positive or negative an influence do you think North Korea has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 4.0 23.2 27.2 35.0 34.1 69.2 3.6 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.1 20.2 25.3 38.4 33.1 71.5 3.2 100.0
-Female 366 3.0 26.1 29.1 31.7 35.1 66.8 4.1 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 3.3 29.4 32.7 46.9 19.6 66.5 .7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 3.4 29.3 32.8 45.8 17.9 63.5 3.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 6.2 22.7 28.9 35.0 30.2 65.2 6.0 100.0
-over 50 241 3.4 15.3 18.7 20.1 57.3 77.3 3.9 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 6.4 20.7 27.1 52.1 19.4 71.5 1.4 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 3.6 25.3 28.9 51.9 17.1 69.0 2.0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 6.9 25.9 32.8 28.1 33.1 61.2 6.1 100.0
-over 50 111 3.9 11.6 15.5 26.0 55.2 81.3 3.2 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 .0 38.6 38.6 41.5 19.9 61.4 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 3.2 33.6 36.8 39.3 18.7 58.0 5.3 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 5.4 19.4 24.8 42.2 27.1 69.3 5.8 100.0
-over 50 130 3.0 18.5 21.5 15.0 59.0 74.0 4.5 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 3.8 20.4 24.2 27.9 41.4 69.2 6.6 100.0
-high school 225 4.4 22.0 26.4 23.7 43.5 67.2 6.3 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.8 24.4 28.2 42.4 27.8 69.2 1.6 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 2.0 39.8 41.7 15.7 33.1 48.8 9.5 100.0
-self-employed 77 7.1 19.1 26.2 29.5 40.6 70.1 3.7 100.0
-blue-collar 73 4.4 26.5 30.9 38.6 25.6 64.1 4.9 100.0
-white-collar 190 4.2 19.2 23.5 45.4 29.3 74.6 1.9 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 3.4 23.5 26.9 26.5 40.8 67.3 5.8 100.0
-student 93 3.4 28.6 32.0 50.6 17.4 68.0 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 2.7 20.8 23.6 19.1 53.6 72.7 3.7 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 1.3 22.7 24.1 38.3 33.9 72.2 3.7 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 4.3 22.4 26.7 34.4 34.5 68.9 4.4 100.0
-Gangwon 22 2.3 17.4 19.7 29.5 50.8 80.3 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 5.7 25.0 30.6 38.2 26.7 64.9 4.4 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 9.3 25.5 34.7 23.0 39.8 62.9 2.4 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 2.8 21.4 24.2 36.2 35.4 71.6 4.1 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 3.9 23.9 27.7 36.9 32.2 69.0 3.2 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 37.5 37.5 50.0 12.5 62.5 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 3.2 20.2 23.5 38.5 35.1 73.6 2.9 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 5.2 25.9 31.0 31.4 33.9 65.3 3.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 2.6 27.0 29.6 33.1 29.4 62.4 8.0 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 3.6 22.0 25.6 39.7 30.6 70.3 4.2 100.0
-Middle country 313 3.6 25.4 29.0 31.5 36.4 67.9 3.1 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 6.7 20.1 26.8 31.0 38.7 69.7 3.5 100.0

 

Q10. Among the U.S. , Japan , China , Russia , and North Korea , which country is most favorable to you?

Total Sample TheU.S. North Korea China Japan Russia Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 54.8 14.4 13.2 9.2 5.3 3.3 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 53.2 15.9 12.7 9.5 5.5 3.2 100.0
-Female 366 56.3 12.9 13.7 8.8 5.1 3.3 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 49.6 14.6 13.8 14.5 4.2 3.3 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 40.3 21.1 15.7 10.1 7.5 5.4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 47.5 17.5 18.4 8.1 6.6 1.8 100.0
over 50 241 72.9 7.5 7.5 5.9 3.5 2.7 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 47.4 14.9 9.9 18.4 5.5 3.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 43.3 23.1 13.9 9.5 6.2 4.1 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 44.0 22.0 15.7 7.9 8.6 1.7 100.0
-over 50 111 71.8 6.5 11.4 4.4 2.7 3.3 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 51.8 14.3 17.9 10.3 2.9 2.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 37.2 18.9 17.6 10.7 8.9 6.7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 51.1 12.9 21.2 8.2 4.6 1.9 100.0
-over 50 130 73.9 8.3 4.2 7.1 4.2 2.2 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 72.4 6.9 4.2 7.8 3.5 5.3 100.0
-high school 225 53.1 14.2 13.6 10.2 6.0 3.0 100.0
-college or higher 421 52.4 15.8 14.6 8.8 5.3 3.0 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 44.7 29.1 9.1 6.5 10.7 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 54.4 10.8 11.5 10.4 11.8 1.2 100.0
-blue-collar 73 44.9 17.2 13.3 16.4 1.2 6.9 100.0
-white-collar 190 52.8 14.2 17.7 8.9 5.2 1.2 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 57.7 15.1 11.3 6.8 4.9 4.3 100.0
-student 93 56.2 12.0 11.4 12.3 5.8 2.2 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 64.6 11.6 11.7 4.1 1.0 7.0 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 58.8 9.5 12.4 8.3 5.5 5.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 56.6 14.7 14.7 9.0 3.4 1.7 100.0
-Gangwon 22 71.2 10.6 18.2 .0 .0 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 59.5 19.2 10.2 5.4 3.8 1.9 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 50.7 19.9 12.1 7.5 9.0 .8 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 57.5 14.7 10.6 7.9 5.4 4.0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 41.6 14.3 15.1 15.5 7.9 5.6 100.0
-Jeju 8 50.0 12.5 12.5 25.0 .0 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 55.0 12.0 12.6 10.7 4.7 4.9 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 54.9 15.9 13.7 9.0 4.9 1.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 52.5 20.2 13.8 .8 10.5 2.2 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 59.7 13.0 12.8 6.6 4.1 3.8 100.0
-Middle country 313 53.9 15.5 13.0 11.2 5.0 1.5 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 40.7 15.4 15.2 10.9 10.5 7.3 100.0

 

Q11. Among the U.S. , Japan , China , Russia , and North Korea , which country is most unfavorable to you?

Total Sample Japan North Korea Russia China TheU.S. Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 31.4 29.5 12.6 11.8 11.7 3.0 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 31.1 32.2 12.4 9.9 11.8 2.5 100.0
-Female 366 31.6 26.9 12.7 13.6 11.7 3.4 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 21.1 26.9 16.9 21.4 11.1 2.6 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 37.3 16.3 13.8 8.3 21.4 2.9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 33.7 27.8 13.9 8.4 13.9 2.4 100.0
-over 50 241 32.4 41.4 8.1 10.4 4.0 3.6 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 15.5 28.3 15.2 27.6 9.3 4.1 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 44.2 14.6 11.4 5.1 22.8 2.0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 33.5 30.3 14.7 4.4 14.9 2.2 100.0
-over 50 111 30.5 49.8 9.6 5.2 2.9 2.0 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 27.0 25.5 18.6 14.9 13.1 .9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 30.0 18.2 16.3 11.7 20.0 3.8 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 33.8 25.2 13.0 12.5 12.8 2.7 100.0
-over 50 130 34.0 34.3 6.8 14.9 5.0 5.0 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 34.7 32.3 8.4 15.0 1.3 8.3 100.0
-high school 225 35.9 29.2 14.5 9.8 9.5 1.0 100.0
-college or higher 421 28.4 29.2 12.3 12.3 14.9 3.0 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 42.4 18.8 10.5 8.8 19.6 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 28.7 43.3 7.4 9.6 11.0 .0 100.0
-blue-collar 73 42.2 16.2 12.5 8.3 16.2 4.7 100.0
-white-collar 190 31.2 27.7 14.5 9.2 15.6 1.8 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 33.8 28.4 11.7 13.0 9.8 3.1 100.0
-student 93 20.4 30.8 15.8 20.2 9.4 3.4 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 27.3 38.6 12.0 11.4 3.0 7.8 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 30.3 31.9 8.4 15.0 10.1 4.2 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 27.2 29.1 17.4 12.6 10.1 3.6 100.0
-Gangwon 22 42.4 38.6 5.3 9.1 4.5 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 32.3 26.9 12.9 11.9 14.1 1.9 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 41.6 17.0 9.6 10.2 18.9 2.7 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 29.1 33.9 20.4 4.6 9.2 2.8 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 32.5 32.7 6.6 12.3 13.8 2.0 100.0
-Jeju 8 25.0 25.0 31.3 12.5 6.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 32.9 30.5 11.2 12.0 10.7 2.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 29.4 30.8 14.7 10.6 10.9 3.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 33.2 16.7 9.4 17.2 22.3 1.2 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 33.0 29.5 13.7 11.8 8.3 3.7 100.0
-Middle country 313 29.0 31.2 12.1 12.3 12.6 2.9 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 33.9 24.0 10.3 10.4 20.6 .8 100.0

 

Q12. Are you satisfied with developments in the economic sector since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied 3+4 Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 26.6 55.5 82.1 11.9 6.0 17.9 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 33.2 55.6 88.8 6.7 4.5 11.2 100.0
-Female 366 20.2 55.3 75.5 17.0 7.4 24.5 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 16.8 58.3 75.1 19.8 5.1 24.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 17.1 62.6 79.7 13.3 7.0 20.3 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 30.9 55.6 86.5 6.5 6.9 13.5 100.0
-over 50 241 36.5 48.7 85.2 9.6 5.2 14.8 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 20.5 58.0 78.5 16.1 5.3 21.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 16.0 75.5 91.5 3.1 5.4 8.5 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 36.5 52.3 88.8 4.0 7.2 11.2 100.0
-over 50 111 52.8 41.2 94.1 4.7 1.3 5.9 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 13.0 58.5 71.5 23.6 5.0 28.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 18.3 49.1 67.3 24.0 8.7 32.7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 25.1 59.1 84.2 9.2 6.6 15.8 100.0
-over 50 130 22.6 55.0 77.6 13.8 8.6 22.4 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 35.4 41.9 77.2 12.5 10.2 22.8 100.0
-high school 225 22.8 58.2 81.0 13.6 5.4 19.0 100.0
-college or higher 421 27.0 56.5 83.6 10.9 5.5 16.4 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 27.2 59.4 86.7 9.8 3.6 13.3 100.0
-self-employed 77 32.6 54.0 86.7 6.2 7.1 13.3 100.0
-blue-collar 73 24.2 60.5 84.7 7.6 7.7 15.3 100.0
-white-collar 190 34.3 52.1 86.4 10.2 3.3 13.6 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 17.4 59.1 76.6 16.0 7.4 23.4 100.0
-student 93 16.6 57.1 73.7 20.5 5.8 26.3 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 40.9 46.9 87.7 4.7 7.5 12.3 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 28.7 55.0 83.7 10.9 5.4 16.3 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 22.3 55.3 77.6 12.4 10.0 22.4 100.0
-Gangwon 22 31.8 47.7 79.5 17.4 3.0 20.5 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 26.0 49.8 75.8 19.6 4.6 24.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 25.8 62.7 88.5 7.3 4.2 11.5 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 35.6 57.2 92.8 4.1 3.1 7.2 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 26.5 56.4 82.9 13.7 3.4 17.1 100.0
-Jeju 8 6.3 43.8 50.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 28.3 56.3 84.5 11.4 4.0 15.5 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 26.4 53.8 80.2 11.0 8.8 19.8 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 17.7 59.5 77.3 19.8 2.9 22.7 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 34.7 53.6 88.3 7.8 3.9 11.7 100.0
-Middle country 313 21.9 59.0 80.9 12.6 6.5 19.1 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 15.0 49.9 64.8 23.3 11.8 35.2 100.0

 

Q13. Are you satisfied with developments in the political sector since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied 3+4 Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 3.6 30.1 33.7 36.0 30.3 66.3 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.0 31.5 36.5 34.2 29.3 63.5 100.0
-Female 366 2.2 28.6 30.8 37.8 31.4 69.2 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 2.0 21.2 23.1 45.3 31.6 76.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 .9 20.2 21.1 41.8 37.1 78.9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 6.3 32.9 39.2 27.6 33.1 60.8 100.0
-over 50 241 4.6 40.7 45.3 31.7 23.0 54.7 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 2.4 20.9 23.3 46.3 30.4 76.7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 .0 26.4 26.4 38.6 35.0 73.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 9.9 33.9 43.7 23.8 32.4 56.3 100.0
-over 50 111 7.0 41.3 48.4 29.9 21.7 51.6 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 1.5 21.5 23.0 44.2 32.8 77.0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 1.8 13.7 15.5 45.2 39.3 84.5 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 2.7 31.9 34.6 31.6 33.9 65.4 100.0
-over 50 130 2.6 40.1 42.7 33.2 24.1 57.3 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 4.4 50.4 54.8 25.3 19.9 45.2 100.0
-high school 225 3.5 26.9 30.4 40.6 29.0 69.6 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.5 28.0 31.5 35.5 33.0 68.5 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 3.1 46.5 49.6 32.1 18.3 50.4 100.0
-self-employed 77 6.2 36.0 42.2 29.8 28.0 57.8 100.0
-blue-collar 73 4.7 29.5 34.2 35.6 30.2 65.8 100.0
-white-collar 190 4.4 25.6 30.0 36.2 33.8 70.0 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 2.3 31.3 33.7 36.7 29.6 66.3 100.0
-student 93 .9 22.8 23.7 43.3 33.0 76.3 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 4.7 36.4 41.2 32.2 26.6 58.8 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 3.4 26.0 29.4 36.8 33.8 70.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 3.2 31.0 34.2 34.6 31.2 65.8 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 25.0 25.0 50.8 24.2 75.0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 2.5 34.4 36.9 26.8 36.3 63.1 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 5.0 23.1 28.1 42.0 29.9 71.9 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 4.7 30.1 34.8 48.0 17.2 65.2 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 4.4 37.1 41.5 29.6 28.9 58.5 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 25.0 25.0 18.8 56.3 75.0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.9 27.3 32.3 35.7 32.0 67.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 2.5 32.3 34.8 34.9 30.3 65.2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 1.4 34.9 36.3 43.7 20.0 63.7 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 5.4 35.0 40.4 36.4 23.2 59.6 100.0
-Middle country 313 2.1 26.2 28.3 37.9 33.8 71.7 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 2.2 26.5 28.7 28.0 43.4 71.3 100.0

 

Q14. Are you satisfied with developments in the social sector (stability of social order) since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 3.7 48.5 52.3 31.3 14.4 45.8 2.0 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.1 48.7 53.8 32.9 12.2 45.1 1.1 100.0
-Female 366 2.4 48.4 50.8 29.8 16.6 46.4 2.8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 2.5 35.5 37.9 45.9 15.5 61.3 .7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 1.1 62.0 63.1 24.9 12.1 36.9 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 5.5 55.5 61.0 25.6 11.7 37.3 1.7 100.0
-over 50 241 5.2 42.9 48.1 30.4 17.2 47.6 4.3 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 3.5 34.2 37.7 49.6 12.7 62.3 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 1.0 69.3 70.3 22.5 7.2 29.7 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 7.4 56.9 64.2 22.0 11.5 33.4 2.3 100.0
-over 50 111 7.8 37.0 44.8 37.2 16.3 53.5 1.7 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 1.5 36.8 38.2 41.9 18.4 60.3 1.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 1.1 54.4 55.5 27.3 17.2 44.5 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 3.6 54.0 57.6 29.4 12.0 41.4 1.0 100.0
-over 50 130 3.0 48.0 51.0 24.6 17.9 42.5 6.5 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 6.2 43.5 49.7 20.5 23.1 43.6 6.7 100.0
-high school 225 3.2 51.4 54.6 27.7 15.1 42.8 2.6 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.6 47.9 51.5 35.3 12.4 47.7 .7 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 9.9 53.4 63.3 12.8 20.8 33.6 3.1 100.0
-self-employed 77 7.8 48.6 56.4 30.9 12.7 43.6 .0 100.0
-blue-collar 73 2.9 55.8 58.7 22.8 17.2 40.0 1.4 100.0
-white-collar 190 3.9 50.1 54.0 34.6 9.7 44.4 1.7 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 2.4 54.0 56.4 26.6 13.0 39.6 4.0 100.0
-student 93 1.7 30.2 32.0 50.0 18.0 68.0 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 3.9 44.0 48.0 26.9 23.0 49.9 2.1 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 3.4 45.2 48.6 31.5 19.0 50.5 .9 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 1.9 53.6 55.5 30.2 12.0 42.2 2.3 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 47.0 47.0 41.7 11.4 53.0 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 1.4 42.0 43.4 35.1 16.3 51.4 5.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 9.4 49.4 58.7 25.7 15.6 41.3 .0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 5.4 49.0 54.4 36.4 5.9 42.4 3.2 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 4.9 48.4 53.3 30.0 15.0 45.0 1.7 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 43.8 43.8 18.8 37.5 56.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.4 47.7 52.2 31.3 15.4 46.6 1.2 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 2.2 50.5 52.7 33.2 12.5 45.7 1.7 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 7.6 43.2 50.8 21.9 19.0 40.8 8.3 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 4.7 51.0 55.7 32.6 10.7 43.2 1.1 100.0
-Middle country 313 2.0 49.8 51.8 32.4 14.0 46.4 1.8 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 6.1 36.0 42.2 23.5 28.6 52.1 5.7 100.0

 

Q15. Are you satisfied with developments in the educational sector (improvement of educational conditions) since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied f+” Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 2.6 28.6 31.2 38.3 30.5 68.8 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 3.8 29.3 33.1 39.8 27.0 66.9 100.0
-Female 366 1.4 28.0 29.4 36.7 33.9 70.6 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 3.7 26.3 30.1 43.4 26.5 69.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 1.2 22.2 23.4 35.3 41.3 76.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 2.4 20.2 22.7 41.6 35.8 77.3 100.0
-over 50 241 2.9 40.3 43.1 34.7 22.2 56.9 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 6.4 31.0 37.4 45.2 17.4 62.6 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 1.6 23.8 25.4 33.6 41.0 74.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 3.0 19.6 22.6 48.5 28.9 77.4 100.0
-over 50 111 4.3 39.6 43.9 34.3 21.8 56.1 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 .9 21.4 22.3 41.5 36.2 77.7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 .9 20.5 21.4 37.0 41.6 78.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 1.8 20.9 22.7 34.4 42.8 77.3 100.0
-over 50 130 1.6 40.8 42.5 35.1 22.4 57.5 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 5.1 41.9 47.0 35.8 17.3 53.0 100.0
-high school 225 1.4 32.9 34.3 35.1 30.6 65.7 100.0
-college or higher 421 2.8 23.9 26.7 40.4 33.0 73.3 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 10.7 20.0 30.7 44.0 25.4 69.3 100.0
-self-employed 77 1.8 24.7 26.5 45.2 28.3 73.5 100.0
-blue-collar 73 2.1 36.9 39.0 34.9 26.1 61.0 100.0
-white-collar 190 2.6 25.3 27.9 37.5 34.5 72.1 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 .7 32.4 33.1 35.3 31.6 66.9 100.0
-student 93 5.1 19.5 24.6 45.0 30.4 75.4 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 2.7 38.4 41.1 33.0 25.9 58.9 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 2.6 32.5 35.0 35.7 29.3 65.0 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 2.0 21.6 23.7 41.4 34.9 76.3 100.0
-Gangwon 22 9.1 18.2 27.3 27.3 45.5 72.7 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 4.2 23.7 27.8 42.9 29.3 72.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 .8 39.2 40.0 36.5 23.6 60.0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 3.5 24.8 28.4 39.6 32.1 71.6 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 2.0 36.0 38.0 36.6 25.4 62.0 100.0
Jeju 8 .0 31.3 31.3 25.0 43.8 68.8 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 2.4 31.9 34.3 36.8 29.0 65.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 1.7 25.0 26.7 40.0 33.3 73.3 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 8.4 28.6 37.1 37.7 25.3 62.9 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 2.6 32.2 34.8 40.9 24.3 65.2 100.0
-Middle country 313 3.0 28.3 31.3 36.7 32.0 68.7 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 .9 17.8 18.7 34.2 47.1 81.3 100.0

 

Q16. Which status do you think Korea currently enjoys in international society after 60 years since its establishment?

Total Sample Advanced Middle-advanced Middle Middle-underdeveloped Underdeveloped Total
% % % % % % %
Total 724 3.3 40.6 43.2 11.1 1.7 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 3.0 46.6 38.5 9.5 2.5 100.0
-Female 366 3.7 34.8 47.9 12.8 .9 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 4.9 44.6 39.0 9.9 1.7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 1.2 39.8 44.1 13.5 1.4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 2.1 40.6 41.9 12.5 2.7 100.0
-over 50 241 4.7 38.6 46.2 9.4 1.1 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 6.6 46.3 35.5 8.3 3.3 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 .0 48.9 36.7 11.6 2.8 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 1.4 41.7 43.3 11.3 2.4 100.0
-over 50 111 4.0 48.6 38.5 7.3 1.6 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 3.0 42.8 42.7 11.5 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 2.4 30.3 51.9 15.4 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 3.0 39.6 40.6 13.8 3.1 100.0
-over 50 130 5.3 30.0 52.8 11.2 .7 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 8.7 38.0 49.0 4.2 .0 100.0
-high school 225 3.1 35.8 45.0 12.6 3.4 100.0
-college or higher 421 2.5 43.6 41.2 11.7 1.1 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 11.9 33.8 45.6 8.7 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 4.0 37.6 32.6 22.3 3.4 100.0
-blue-collar 73 1.9 41.4 42.3 8.8 5.6 100.0
-white-collar 190 2.2 42.4 44.5 10.0 .9 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 2.9 32.3 52.6 11.2 1.0 100.0
-student 93 3.6 51.0 35.3 8.1 1.9 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 4.9 50.5 35.7 8.9 .0 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 2.8 35.7 46.6 10.9 3.9 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 3.2 42.5 38.6 15.7 .0 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 27.3 61.4 11.4 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 .9 44.5 38.1 15.1 1.4 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 2.2 37.3 52.3 8.2 .0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 11.1 46.5 35.4 7.0 .0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 2.3 40.7 47.3 6.1 3.6 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 62.5 18.8 6.3 12.5 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 3.0 38.7 44.2 11.8 2.4 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 3.3 42.9 40.9 11.7 1.2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 5.9 40.1 50.0 4.1 .0 100.0

 

Q17. Then, when do you think Korea will be able to become an advanced country?

Total Sample Within 5 years 6-10 years 11 – 20 years Over 21 years Do not know/no response Total Average
% % % % % % % Years
Total 700 13.6 43.2 25.2 12.3 5.7 100.0 15.1
Gender
-Male 347 13.4 38.3 29.3 13.4 5.6 100.0 15.8
-Female 353 13.9 48.0 21.0 11.3 5.8 100.0 14.5
Age
-from 19 to 29 146 7.1 29.3 38.1 22.9 2.6 100.0 20.3
-from 30 to 39 164 8.3 38.7 25.4 20.8 6.9 100.0 17.7
-from 40 to 49 160 17.1 46.9 23.4 6.7 5.9 100.0 13.2
-over 50 230 19.2 52.8 18.0 3.5 6.6 100.0 11.2
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 74 4.0 17.4 44.2 30.2 4.2 100.0 23.3
-from 30 to 39 85 10.9 39.7 23.8 19.2 6.4 100.0 17.1\
-from 40 to 49 82 13.0 43.8 30.7 4.3 8.2 100.0 13.3
-over 50 107 22.1 47.5 22.5 4.1 3.8 100.0 11.5
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 73 10.2 41.4 31.9 15.5 1.0 100.0 17.3
-from 30 to 39 79 5.6 37.6 27.0 22.4 7.4 100.0 18.4
-from 40 to 49 78 21.5 50.2 15.6 9.2 3.5 100.0 13.2
-over 50 123 16.6 57.3 14.1 2.9 9.0 100.0 10.9
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 71 28.1 49.5 14.7 1.3 6.4 100.0 9.9
-high school 218 13.9 48.9 23.7 5.9 7.6 100.0 13.1
-college or higher 410 11.0 39.1 27.7 17.7 4.5 100.0 17.1
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 23 9.0 54.6 36.3 .0 .0 100.0 12.7
-self-employed 74 13.0 37.5 27.1 12.4 10.0 100.0 14.7
-blue-collar 71 16.8 37.5 31.8 9.0 4.9 100.0 15.2
-white-collar 186 11.7 46.8 22.9 15.1 3.5 100.0 15.7
-full-time housewife 191 16.0 50.0 16.9 9.8 7.3 100.0 13.2
-student 90 9.6 24.6 42.7 21.5 1.7 100.0 20.3
-unemployed and other 65 16.6 47.9 18.2 6.9 10.4 100.0 12.9
Region
-Seoul 150 8.7 42.7 25.2 17.0 6.5 100.0 17.3
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 191 16.0 42.2 24.1 9.0 8.6 100.0 13.5
-Gangwon 22 20.5 23.5 48.5 5.3 2.3 100.0 15.7
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 72 12.8 52.8 21.2 10.8 2.4 100.0 13.9
-Gwangju/Jeolla 74 18.5 44.6 26.0 7.2 3.7 100.0 13.5
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 68 15.2 46.1 22.7 13.7 2.3 100.0 14.9
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 114 11.2 40.8 25.7 16.5 5.6 100.0 16.6
-Jeju 8 12.5 43.8 25.0 12.5 6.3 100.0 20.0
Size of Region
-Big city 345 10.8 44.3 25.3 14.8 4.8 100.0 16.2
-Small and medium-sized city 301 15.8 40.7 25.2 10.9 7.4 100.0 14.5
-Eup/Myeon 54 19.4 50.6 24.0 4.6 1.4 100.0 11.8
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 294 19.8 48.0 24.5 6.1 1.5 100.0 12.7
-Middle country 313 10.4 43.3 25.6 15.3 5.5 100.0 15.9
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 4.8 28.1 25.7 22.0 19.4 100.0 21.6

Chosun Ilbo March 2008 Opinion Poll Commemorating 60th Anniversary of Korea

Date Conducted

1 March 2008

Date Released

5 March 2008

Methodology

The poll was conducted by a telephone interview of 724 South Korean adults aged 19 and older on 1 March 2008. The 724 interviewees were selected based on the general population’s ratio of region, sex, education, job and age.

Key Issues

  • Opinions on the biggest achievement since the establishment of Republic of Korea
  • Popularity of past Presidents
  • Opinions on relations with U.S., Japan, China, Russia, and North Korea
  • Evaluations of Korea’s development in various social sectors
  • Opinions on Korea’s international status

Link to Original Source

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500047.html

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500031.html

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500037.html

http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/03/05/2008030500052.html

Disclaimer

The Mansfield Foundation is responsible for the translation of this survey research, subject to the Mansfield Foundation Terms of Use

Poll Summary
Sampleof Study 19 or older male/female acrossSouth Korea
Size of Sample Valid Sample of 724 People
Sampling Error 95% Confidence Interval ±3.6% point
Method of Survey Telephone Interview
Term of Survey March 1, 2008 (Saturday)
Survey Requested by Chosun Ilbo
Survey Conducted by Gallup Korea

Question 1. This year is the 60th Anniversary of Republic of Korea since its establishment. What do you think is the biggest achievement during the past 60 years? (N=724)

 

Total Sample Saemaeu Movement 5-year economic development plan and heavy and chemical industry growth 1988 Seoul Olympics Seoul-Busan Expressway Gwangju Democratization Movement 2002 World Cup and advancement to semi-final stage 4.19 Revolution
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 34.0 19.1 10.9 9.3 6.4 3.8 3.0
Gender
-Male 358 30.2 24.2 7.4 12.0 6.7 2.9 3.4
-Female 366 37.8 14.1 14.3 6.6 6.1 4.6 2.7
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 21.4 22.5 15.0 5.2 6.8 7.2 8.1
-from 30 to 39 166 24.9 16.4 13.1 12.4 11.2 3.9 1.5
-from 40 to 49 163 36.4 24.5 6.1 10.2 7.7 3.2 1.3
-over 50 241 46.8 15.2 10.0 9.1 2.0 1.8 1.9
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 24.5 19.4 11.6 7.7 7.6 7.0 10.9
-from 30 to 39 85 22.6 19.9 12.8 17.2 7.9 .0 1.6
-from 40 to 49 83 28.8 33.3 4.9 9.2 7.9 3.7 .0
-over 50 111 41.0 24.1 2.2 13.2 4.4 1.7 1.8
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 18.1 25.8 18.5 2.5 5.9 7.4 5.1
-from 30 to 39 81 27.3 12.6 13.3 7.4 14.7 7.9 1.4
-from 40 to 49 80 44.2 15.3 7.3 11.2 7.5 2.7 2.7
-over 50 130 51.8 7.5 16.7 5.6 .0 2.0 2.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 52.7 6.8 5.3 4.5 3.4 3.0 2.4
-high school 225 40.5 15.2 18.0 9.2 3.3 4.2 .3
-college or higher 421 27.1 23.4 8.1 10.2 8.6 3.6 4.6
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 31.9 16.6 8.8 11.0 7.8 .0 .0
-self-employed 77 38.2 19.3 8.4 15.4 7.0 1.5 .0
-blue-collar 73 38.5 21.0 12.8 7.4 6.1 1.1 .0
-white-collar 190 33.3 23.3 7.2 10.3 6.1 1.3 3.1
-full-time housewife 197 36.7 10.3 17.9 9.0 6.3 5.7 1.7
-student 93 21.0 26.8 9.2 4.4 8.8 7.4 9.8
-unemployed and other 68 37.4 20.7 4.9 8.0 3.4 6.7 5.0
Region
-Seoul 154 25.1 19.7 14.8 7.1 7.8 3.0 7.3
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 32.0 22.7 9.1 11.0 6.4 4.6 2.3
-Gangwon 22 32.6 30.3 6.8 9.1 .0 4.5 .0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 41.6 10.4 8.5 11.9 4.2 7.1 2.7
-Gwangju/Jeoll 76 25.9 15.2 23.6 2.2 11.8 3.3 1.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 56.7 16.9 5.5 5.8 .9 1.8 .0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 35.3 19.1 6.5 14.2 6.9 3.0 2.8
-Jeju 8 31.3 25.0 6.3 12.5 12.5 .0 .0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 31.5 20.0 13.0 8.5 6.4 2.8 4.2
-Small and medium-sized city 311 35.8 19.6 8.9 10.2 6.8 4.5 2.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 39.8 10.8 8.7 9.0 4.3 5.7 1.2
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 31.7 20.8 7.9 9.5 5.7 4.6 3.6
-Middle country 313 35.4 18.4 13.7 8.7 6.4 3.2 1.8
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 37.2 15.7 11.5 10.1 8.8 2.8 5.3

(continued)

 

1987 Democratization Movement and 6.29 Declaration $20,000 of GDP per capita South-North Summit Strong Semiconductor Industry Admission into OECD Admission of two Koreas into UN at the same time Do not know / no response Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.5 1.5 .5 .7 100.0
Gender
-Male 4.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 1.3 .2 .5 100.0
-Female 2.0 3.2 2.9 2.5 1.7 .8 .8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 3.5 1.6 1.9 4.6 1.4 .9 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 3.3 2.5 5.6 2.2 1.7 1.0 .4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 4.2 1.8 1.3 1.8 .4 .0 1.0 100.0
-over 50 1.5 4.6 1.8 1.7 2.3 .2 1.0 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 2.8 1.7 1.4 2.7 2.7 .0 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 5.2 3.1 6.7 2.0 1.0 .0 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 7.4 2.7 .0 .9 .0 .0 1.2 100.0
-over 50 1.3 2.6 1.2 3.8 1.4 .5 .8 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 4.2 1.6 2.3 6.7 .0 1.8 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 1.4 2.0 4.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 .9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 .9 .9 2.7 2.8 .9 .0 .9 100.0
-over 50 1.7 6.4 2.3 .0 2.9 .0 1.1 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower .7 10.6 3.8 .0 4.8 .0 1.8 100.0
-high school 1.3 2.6 1.0 2.1 .7 .5 1.1 100.0
-college or higher 4.3 1.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 .6 .2 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries .0 .0 21.5 .0 .0 2.3 .0 100.0
-self-employed 1.7 3.8 .0 1.2 2.2 .0 1.3 100.0
-blue-collar 2.9 1. 3.6 3.9 .0 0 1.0 100.0
-white-collar 6.9 2.8 1.0 3.6 .4 .2 .5 100.0
-full-time housewife .9 4.3 1.5 1.5 2.9 .6 .7 100.0
-student 3.2 1.2 3.1 1.2 2.3 1.5 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other .0 2.6 4.1 4.9 1.2 .0 1.1 100.0
Region
-Seoul 5.8 .9 1.2 3.6 1.2 .9 1.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 2.5 1.7 1.9 3.0 1.7 .4 .7 100.0
-Gangwon .0 13.6 .0 3.0 .0 .0 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 4.6 5.0 .0 1.4 2.5 .0 .0 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 1.8 2.5 10.1 .6 2.6 2.0 .0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 1.5 2.9 4.8 2.0 1.2 .0 .0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 1.5 3.6 1.3 2.3 2.6 .0 .8 100.0
-Jeju .0 12.5 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 3.9 2.0 1.9 2.4 1.6 .7 1.1 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 1.5 4.2 2.1 2.6 1.5 .1 .2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 4.6 1.2 9.6 2.5 1.4 1.0 .0 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 4.0 3.6 2.7 3.6 1.5 .2 .5 100.0
-Middle country 2.5 3.0 1.9 1.5 2.0 .9 .5 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country .8 .0 4.3 1.7 .0 .0 1.9 100.0

 

Q. 2 Please evaluate achievements of the past Presidents (Syngman Rhee, Cheong-hee Park, Doo-hwan Chun, Tae-woo Rho, Young-sam Kim, Dae-jung Kim, Moo-hyun Roh) by giving them scores from 0 to 100 (“Very well performed” 100, “Average” 50, “Very badly performed” 0).

 

Cheong-hee Park Dae-jung Kim Syngman Rhee Moo-hyun Roh Doo-hwan Chun Young-sam Kim Tae-woo Rho
Score Score Score Score Score Score %
Total 78.9 55.2 53.9 48.4 44.0 42.5 38.6
Gender
-Male 79.2 54.9 51.5 47.4 45.0 41.9 37.6
-Female 78.5 55.5 56.3 49.4 43.0 43.1 39.7
Age
-from 19 to 29 72.4 64.4 52.5 55.0 36.3 46.6 37.8
-from 30 to 39 76.2 63.0 52.5 59.5 45.0 44.4 40.2
-from 40 to 49 79.3 53.0 50.4 44.7 46.8 40.8 37.6
-over 50 84.4 45.4 57.9 38.8 46.1 39.7 38.8
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 74.8 62.8 50.6 55.0 35.3 44.3 35.3
-from 30 to 39 77.0 63.4 50.4 60.6 48.2 45.1 41.3
-from 40 to 49 80.0 50.1 48.0 40.4 48.0 38.1 36.4
-over 50 83.4 46.4 55.6 37.0 46.7 40.6 37.2
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 69. 66.1 54.6 55.0 37.3 49.1 40.4
-from 30 to 39 75.5 62.5 55.1 58.3 41.7 43.7 39.0
-from 40 to 49 78.7 56.0 53.2 49.2 45.6 43.6 39.0
-over 50 85.2 44.4 60.0 40.4 45.5 38.9 40.1
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 87.2 54.3 60.9 45.9 45.7 40.3 41.8
-high school 80.6 48.7 53.4 41.0 45.1 38.0 37.1
-college or higher 76.4 58.9 52.8 52.7 43.0 45.2 38.9
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 80.5 55.4 51.1 50.4 33.0 42.7 40.7
-self-employed 80.8 50.7 48.4 39.0 45.3 38.1 35.7
-blue-collar 80.5 50.7 51.3 43.2 48.3 37.2 36.1
-white-collar 78.1 57.0 54.3 51.9 44.8 45.3 38.7
-full-time housewife 80.1 53.0 57.2 48.1 44.7 41.4 39.8
-student 73.3 65.8 52.5 58.8 38.4 50.0 40.5
-unemployed and other 80.4 51.9 55.4 40.4 44.4 38.1 37.8
Region
-Seoul 76.8 58.3 56.8 49.1 45.5 44.2 39.6
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 80.2 55.6 53.6 45.7 42.6 43.4 37.4
-Gangwon 82.3 45.7 61.6 40.2 49.1 36.5 42.2
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 81.0 51.5 54.0 50.2 40.9 36.8 35.2
-Gwangju/Jeolla 64.3 62.2 46.9 55.2 34.1 36.8 33.2
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 87.0 54.3 54.9 48.6 53.3 46.1 45.7
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 81.6 51.0 53.9 48.0 46.5 44.9 40.1
-Jeju 76.3 51.8 35.6 44.7 26.0 39.7 31.9
Size of Region
-Big city 78.6 54.6 54.7 48.2 44.7 42.2 38.4
-Small and medium-sized city 79.0 56.0 52.9 48.0 42.9 42.8 38.5
-Eup/Myeon 79.4 54.9 54.2 51.7 45.0 42.7 40.4
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 80.6 55.5 55.0 50.8 44.3 45.8 40.2
-Middle country 78.0 56.7 54.1 48.1 44.1 41.2 38.8
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 76.0 48.9 48.8 40.8 42.2 34.9 32.1

Q3. Among politicians, who do you like or favor most? Please name two people. (Top 5)

 

Total Sample Cheong-hee Park Dae-jung Kim Myung-bak Lee Moo-hyun Roh Koo Kim
% % % % % %
Total 724 37.6 14.7 9.4 7.6 6.6
Gender
-Male 358 39.1 17.4 9.0 6.9 7.8
-Female 366 36.1 12.0 9.8 8.2 5.5
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 23.1 12.1 15.5 13.7 1.7
-from 30 to 39 166 23.1 21.2 5.9 10.5 7.5
-from 40 to 49 163 38.8 13.9 8.8 4.7 10.3
-over 50 241 55.9 12.3 8.2 3.6 6.6
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 25.8 13.7 15.8 11.3 .0
-from 30 to 39 85 30.3 27.2 6.9 11.6 10.2
-from 40 to 49 83 38.4 10.6 6.8 3.1 14.3
-over 50 111 55.7 17.6 7.4 3.1 6.6
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 20.2 10.4 15.1 16.2 3.4
-from 30 to 39 81 15.7 15.0 4.9 9.4 4.7
-from 40 to 49 80 39.3 17.3 11.0 6.4 6.3
-over 50 130 56.0 7.7 9.0 4.0 6.7
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 62.7 22.4 6.0 6.5 4.3
-high school 225 41.5 10.4 11.1 2.8 6.0
-college or higher 421 30.8 15.5 9.1 10.3 7.3
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 38.7 27.2 5.9 .0 .0
-self-employed 77 57.3 22.5 14.7 1.9 4.9
-blue-collar 73 34.7 14.6 9.5 6.0 2.8
-white-collar 190 32.2 13.5 5.7 8.6 12.4
-full-time housewife 197 38.5 11.2 8.4 5.6 7.3
-student 93 22.4 10.9 16.4 16.0 1.2
-unemployed and other 68 50.9 19.4 8.2 9.8 4.4
Region
-Seoul 154 33.4 15.0 12.3 6.2 7.1
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 38.0 15.6 8.3 7.4 8.6
-Gangwon 22 54.5 .0 6.8 18.2 .0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 35.2 8.6 5.0 8.0 6.8
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 21.3 36.5 .0 8.4 5.9
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 50.9 6.3 20.2 9.4 4.1
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 43.2 9.7 10.2 6.2 6.4
-Jeju 8 25.0 25.0 .0 .0 .0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 37.5 14.0 11.8 7.1 6.7
-Small and medium-sized city 311 38.0 13.9 7.6 8.3 7.3
-Eup/Myeon 58 35.4 22.7 4.0 6.6 2.3
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 39.1 13.4 9.3 8.6 7.3
-Middle country 313 39.4 16.7 9.3 6.0 7.4
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 26.2 12.0 10.1 9.3 1.6

Q4. Among businessmen, who do you like or favor most? Please name two people. (Top 5)

 

Total Sample Ju-yung Chung Kun-Hee Lee Byung-chul Lee Ilhan New Kookhyun Moon
% % % % % %
Total 724 63.7 25.9 22.0 6.2 5.4
Gender
-Male 358 65.1 23.9 26.3 4.2 6.3
-Female 366 62.4 27.9 17.7 8.1 4.5
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 40.9 28.3 7.3 2.2 10.0
-from 30 to 39 166 57.6 27.2 17.7 5.3 8.3
-from 40 to 49 163 73.9 28.1 22.6 6.8 5.3
-over 50 241 75.6 22.2 33.8 9.0 .6
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 35.2 29.8 9.6 1.0 8.9
-from 30 to 39 85 60.2 26.5 23.0 4.4 12.3
-from 40 to 49 83 77.6 22.1 27.2 6.5 4.6
-over 50 111 80.7 19.1 40.1 4.7 1.3
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 46.8 26.6 4.9 3.4 11.1
-from 30 to 39 81 55.0 27.9 12.1 6.2 4.1
-from 40 to 49 80 70.0 34.3 17.9 7.2 6.1
-over 50 130 71.3 24.8 28.5 12.7 .0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 61.5 24.2 26.2 4.1 2.6
-high school 225 71.5 26.0 22.1 6.9 3.6
-college or higher 421 59.9 26.2 21.1 6.2 6.9
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 56.1 6.3 10.8 7.8 7.8
-self-employed 77 79.7 26.6 32.6 4.7 4.7
-blue-collar 73 64.6 32.8 18.3 2.7 5.2
-white-collar 190 64.5 21.0 26.5 6.8 7.0
-full-time housewife 197 68.9 30.5 18.7 12.1 2.3
-student 93 39.3 32.7 8.5 .0 10.0
-unemployed and other 68 63.7 16.7 33.2 .7 3.9
Region
-Seoul 154 64.7 21.2 25.7 7.4 6.9
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 61.4 27.0 18.7 4.0 4.6
-Gangwon 22 62.9 30.3 15.9 4.5 11.4
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 61.1 28.5 17.7 4.1 6.3
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 59.5 22.1 8.7 23.8 5.8
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 67.4 28.4 26.5 2.5 2.9
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 68.9 28.9 32.6 1.3 4.9
-Jeju 8 56.3 25.0 12.5 .0 0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 70.0 25.2 25.6 7.3 6.6
-Small and medium-sized city 311 58.4 28.2 20.2 4.5 3.8
-Eup/Myeon 58 53.4 18.0 8.6 8.3 6.7
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 62.3 25.7 27.1 3.8 6.4
-Middle country 313 68.0 28.1 20.2 9.1 4.8
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 54.3 19.4 10.2 4.6 3.9

Q5. How positive or negative an influence do you think the U.S. has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

 

Total Sample very positive ,slightly positive +, fslightly negative “very negative f+” Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 26.9 53.8 80.7 14.0 3.2 17.2 2.0 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 34.4 50.1 84.5 12.3 2.3 14.6 .8 100.0
-Female 366 19.5 57.5 77.0 15.7 4.1 19.8 3.2 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 12.6 64.4 77.0 17.4 4.0 21.4 1.6 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 12.7 60.5 73.2 20.5 5.7 26.2 .7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 28.2 55.3 83.6 13.5 2.9 16.4 .0 100.0
-over 50 241 44.8 41.5 86.4 7.8 1.2 9.0 4.6 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 18.6 66.6 85.2 11.0 2.4 13.4 1.4 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 15.8 58.3 74.1 23.7 2.2 25.9 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 38.1 48.8 86.9 10.4 2.7 13.1 .0 100.0
-over 50 111 57.2 33.2 90.3 6.1 2.0 8.0 1.7 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 6.3 62.1 68.4 24.1 5.6 29.8 1.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 9.4 62.7 72.2 17.1 9.3 26.4 1.4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 18.0 62.1 80.1 16.8 3.1 19.9 .0 100.0
-over 50 130 34.3 48.7 83.0 9.3 .6 9.9 7.2 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 32.1 50.8 82.9 7.7 2.0 9.7 7.3 100.0
-high school 225 30.0 49.9 79.9 14.1 3.1 17.2 2.9 100.0
-college or higher 421 24.2 56.5 80.8 15.2 3.5 18.7 .6 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 42.0 32.5 74.5 21.9 3.6 25.5 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 28.1 54.5 82.7 15.6 .9 16.6 .8 100.0
-blue-collar 73 14.2 66.7 80.8 15.2 3.1 18.4 .8 100.0
-white-collar 190 29.8 48.5 78.3 16.0 4.3 20.3 1.5 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 25.3 55.2 80.5 12.1 2.8 14.9 4.6 100.0
-student 93 14.7 66.8 81.4 13.1 5.4 18.6 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 46.4 40.8 87.2 9.4 .9 10.2 2.6 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 27.2 54.1 81.3 13.6 2.5 16.1 2.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 24.2 59.0 83.1 12.1 2.5 14.6 2.3 100.0
-Gangwon 22 23.5 72.0 95.5 4.5 .0 4.5 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 21.9 59.1 81.0 12.1 1.8 14.0 5.0 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 32.0 36.6 68.7 23.5 6.3 29.8 1.5 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 31.1 50.6 81.7 14.5 1.9 16.4 1.9 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 29.5 50.5 80.0 15.4 4.6 20.0 .0 100.0
-Jeju 8 12.5 68.8 81.3 .0 18.8 18.8 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 30.9 51.1 82.0 13.5 3.0 16.5 1.5 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 22.2 60.0 82.2 12.8 3.4 16.2 1.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 27.7 37.3 64.9 24.1 3.6 27.7 7.4 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 31.2 53.2 84.4 11.2 2.0 13.1 2.5 100.0
-Middle country 313 25.8 57.8 83.6 13.2 2.1 15.2 1.1 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 15.7 42.6 58.3 26.8 11.3 38.1 3.7 100.0

Q6. How positive or negative an influence do you think Japan has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

 

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 4.1 44.6 48.7 35.9 13.7 49.6 1.7 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.1 50.4 55.5 32.0 10.9 42.9 1.7 100.0
-Female 366 3.1 39.0 42.0 39.6 16.5 56.2 1.8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 1.3 49.9 51.2 35.5 10.8 46.3 2.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 3.8 43.2 47.0 45.4 7.1 52.5 .4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 6.8 53.9 60.7 28.4 9.4 37.8 1.4 100.0
-over 50 241 4.1 35.9 40.0 34.6 23.0 57.6 2.3 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 1.0 59.0 60.1 23.9 13.0 36.8 3.1 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 4.1 41.8 45.9 51.0 3.1 54.1 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 9.0 60.9 69.9 23.2 5.9 29.1 1.0 100.0
-over 50 111 5.8 42.9 48.8 29.9 19.0 48.8 2.4 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 1.6 40.3 41.9 47.7 8.6 56.3 1.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 3.5 44.7 48.2 39.5 11.4 50.9 .9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 4.5 46.7 51.3 33.9 13.0 46.9 1.9 100.0
-over 50 130 2.7 29.9 32.6 38.6 26.5 65.2 2.3 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 4.7 29.9 34.6 34.1 28.1 62.2 3.2 100.0
-high school 225 5.8 37.2 43.0 35.3 18.1 53.5 3.5 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.0 51.3 54.3 36.5 8.7 45.2 .5 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 10.8 33.0 43.7 30.3 20.8 51.1 5.2 100.0
-self-employed 77 3.5 48.1 51.6 35.6 12.1 47.6 .8 100.0
-blue-collar 73 10.2 44.2 54.4 36.9 8.0 44.8 .8 100.0
-white-collar 190 3.6 52.6 56.2 32.8 8.4 41.2 2.6 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 3.8 38.1 41.9 38.3 18.3 56.6 1.5 100.0
-student 93 .9 48.8 49.7 37.6 12.7 50.3 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 2.2 36.3 38.5 36.4 22.0 58.4 3.1 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 2.6 44.9 47.4 35.1 15.6 50.7 1.8 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 5.3 45.4 50.8 36.0 11.7 47.7 1.6 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 30.3 30.3 57.6 12.1 69.7 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 2.2 51.3 53.5 40.9 3.4 44.3 2.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 7.2 23.4 30.6 38.6 28.3 66.9 2.5 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 6.0 42.5 48.6 31.3 17.0 48.4 3.0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 1.9 55.7 57.7 31.7 10.0 41.7 .7 100.0
-Jeju 8 12.5 56.3 68.8 18.8 12.5 31.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.3 47.1 51.4 31.0 15.9 46.9 1.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 3.9 42.9 46.8 40.8 11.2 52.0 1.2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 3.5 38.5 41.9 39.3 14.1 53.3 4.7 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 5.0 45.7 50.7 34.0 12.8 46.8 2.6 100.0
-Middle country 313 4.4 45.2 49.6 34.8 14.7 49.5 .9 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 .0 38.8 38.8 45.9 13.6 59.5 1.7 100.0

Q7. How positive or negative an influence do you think China has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

 

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 6.3 50.6 56.9 32.6 7.8 40.4 2.7 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 6.3 50.9 57.2 33.4 7.8 41.2 1.5 100.0
-Female 366 6.2 50.4 56.6 31.8 7.9 39.6 3.8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 5.3 57.1 62.4 26.5 10.4 36.9 .7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 5.3 54.1 59.4 36.1 3.4 39.4 1.1 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 7.7 51.9 59.7 32.6 4.9 37.5 2.8 100.0
-over 50 241 6.6 43.3 49.9 33.9 11.3 45.2 4.9 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 4.2 51.5 55.7 30.6 12.3 42.9 1.4 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 4.7 52.9 57.6 37.6 4.8 42.4 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 9.1 50.4 59.5 37.3 2.2 39.5 1.0 100.0
-over 50 111 7.1 49.3 56.3 29.2 11.2 40.4 3.3 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 6.4 62.9 69.4 22.3 8.4 30.6 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 6.0 55.4 61.4 34.5 1.8 36.3 2.3 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 6.3 53.5 59.8 27.8 7.7 35.5 4.7 100.0
-over 50 130 6.2 38.1 44.3 37.9 11.5 49.4 6.3 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 7.0 41.6 48.6 37.5 5.4 42.9 8.5 100.0
-high school 225 8.3 42.0 50.3 33.4 12.6 45.9 3.8 100.0
-college or higher 421 5.1 57.0 62.0 31.2 5.8 37.0 1.0 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 3.2 45.9 49.1 38.8 3.1 41.9 9.0 100.0
-self-employed 77 6.4 43.6 50.0 38.8 9.2 48.0 2.0 100.0
-blue-collar 73 8.0 46.8 54.8 39.6 4.9 44.4 .8 100.0
-white-collar 190 4.9 61.5 66.4 28.3 3.6 31.9 1.7 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 7.0 46.7 53.7 33.8 8.8 42.7 3.6 100.0
-student 93 8.7 53.3 62.0 26.1 11.8 38.0 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 3.8 42.0 45.8 32.6 14.8 47.4 6.8 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 3.5 51.9 55.4 31.4 10.0 41.4 3.1 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 7.6 53.8 61.4 28.4 8.2 36.6 2.0 100.0
-Gangwon 22 9.8 51.5 61.4 31.8 6.8 38.6 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 8.6 53.0 61.6 32.8 3.4 36.2 2.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 4.1 40.9 45.0 32.5 19.7 52.2 2.7 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 6.5 44.1 50.6 40.8 2.8 43.6 5.8 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 6.5 53.9 60.3 34.1 3.5 37.6 2.1 100.0
-Jeju 8 12.5 31.3 43.8 56.3 .0 56.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.7 51.6 56.3 31.4 9.2 40.5 3.1 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 7.9 50.3 58.2 33.5 6.8 40.4 1.4 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 7.5 46.4 53.9 34.8 5.0 39.8 6.3 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 6.8 51.9 58.7 31.3 6.0 37.3 4.0 100.0
-Middle country 313 6.4 50.6 57.0 32.5 9.1 41.6 1.4 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 4.2 46.5 50.7 36.9 9.9 46.8 2.5 100.0

Q8. How positive or negative an influence do you think Russia has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

 

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 2.2 38.0 40.3 37.2 6.4 43.6 16.1 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 2.3 39.7 42.0 41.2 6.9 48.0 10.0 100.0
-Female 366 2.2 36.3 38.6 33.3 6.0 39.3 22.2 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 2.0 40.9 42.9 42.1 2.7 44.8 12.3 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 .4 42.9 43.4 39.3 3.3 42.6 14.1 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 3.9 37.4 41.3 37.1 4.9 42.0 16.6 100.0
-over 50 241 2.5 33.2 35.7 32.7 11.9 44.6 19.7 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 1.0 31.3 32.3 52.7 5.2 57.9 9.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 .0 48.7 48.7 38.2 5.4 43.6 7.7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 4.1 40.1 44.2 39.8 3.8 43.6 12.2 100.0
-over 50 111 3.4 38.6 42.1 36.3 11.5 47.7 10.2 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 3.1 50.9 54.0 31.1 .0 31.1 14.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 .9 36.9 37.8 40.4 1.1 41.5 20.8 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 3.7 34.7 38.4 34.2 6.2 40.4 21.3 100.0
-over 50 130 1.7 28.5 30.2 29.7 12.3 42.0 27.8 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 .9 33.7 34.7 31.1 3.4 34.5 30.8 100.0
-high school 225 3.0 32.6 35.6 3.1 10.0 44.1 20.4 100.0
-college or higher 421 2.1 41.7 43.8 40.0 5.1 45.1 11.1 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 .0 55.2 55.2 16.3 5.2 21.4 23.4 100.0
-self-employed 77 4.5 50.0 54.5 28.1 3.1 31.2 14.2 100.0
-blue-collar 73 1.8 34.7 36.5 41.8 5.2 46.9 16.5 100.0
-white-collar 190 1.6 35.4 37.0 45.2 6.6 51.8 11.2 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 1.5 35.5 37.0 29.4 7.8 37.2 25.8 100.0
-student 93 3.4 43.9 47.3 39.1 4.4 43.6 9.1 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 3.4 27.8 31.2 48.1 10.1 58.2 10.6 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 1.0 43.6 44.6 36.3 5.3 41.6 13.8 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 1.9 38.6 40.5 38.1 5.8 43.9 15.6 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 48.5 48.5 34.1 .0 34.1 17.4 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 1.1 37.1 38.2 30.0 8.1 38.1 23.7 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 4.2 32.3 36.6 35.5 17.7 53.2 10.2 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 .9 35.2 36.1 41.6 1.2 42.8 21.1 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 5.4 34.7 40.1 38.4 5.5 43.9 16.0 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 25.0 25.0 62.5 .0 62.5 12.5 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 2.3 37.5 39.7 36.7 7.6 44.3 16.0 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 2.1 39.2 41.3 39.5 5.3 44.7 14.0 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 2.8 35.1 38.0 28.3 4.9 33.2 28.8 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 2.4 37.2 39.6 39.8 3.5 43.3 17.1 100.0
-Middle country 313 1.6 38.7 40.3 34.7 9.5 44.2 15.4 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 3.8 38.3 42.1 36.7 6.0 42.6 15.3 100.0

 

Q9. How positive or negative an influence do you think North Korea has had on the change of Korean society since its establishment? Please rate your opinion among “very positive”, “slightly positive”, “slightly negative”, and “very negative”.

 

Total Sample 1. very positive 2. slightly positive 1+2 3. slightly negative 4. very negative 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 4.0 23.2 27.2 35.0 34.1 69.2 3.6 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.1 20.2 25.3 38.4 33.1 71.5 3.2 100.0
-Female 366 3.0 26.1 29.1 31.7 35.1 66.8 4.1 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 3.3 29.4 32.7 46.9 19.6 66.5 .7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 3.4 29.3 32.8 45.8 17.9 63.5 3.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 6.2 22.7 28.9 35.0 30.2 65.2 6.0 100.0
-over 50 241 3.4 15.3 18.7 20.1 57.3 77.3 3.9 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 6.4 20.7 27.1 52.1 19.4 71.5 1.4 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 3.6 25.3 28.9 51.9 17.1 69.0 2.0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 6.9 25.9 32.8 28.1 33.1 61.2 6.1 100.0
-over 50 111 3.9 11.6 15.5 26.0 55.2 81.3 3.2 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 .0 38.6 38.6 41.5 19.9 61.4 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 3.2 33.6 36.8 39.3 18.7 58.0 5.3 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 5.4 19.4 24.8 42.2 27.1 69.3 5.8 100.0
-over 50 130 3.0 18.5 21.5 15.0 59.0 74.0 4.5 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 3.8 20.4 24.2 27.9 41.4 69.2 6.6 100.0
-high school 225 4.4 22.0 26.4 23.7 43.5 67.2 6.3 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.8 24.4 28.2 42.4 27.8 69.2 1.6 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 2.0 39.8 41.7 15.7 33.1 48.8 9.5 100.0
-self-employed 77 7.1 19.1 26.2 29.5 40.6 70.1 3.7 100.0
-blue-collar 73 4.4 26.5 30.9 38.6 25.6 64.1 4.9 100.0
-white-collar 190 4.2 19.2 23.5 45.4 29.3 74.6 1.9 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 3.4 23.5 26.9 26.5 40.8 67.3 5.8 100.0
-student 93 3.4 28.6 32.0 50.6 17.4 68.0 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 2.7 20.8 23.6 19.1 53.6 72.7 3.7 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 1.3 22.7 24.1 38.3 33.9 72.2 3.7 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 4.3 22.4 26.7 34.4 34.5 68.9 4.4 100.0
-Gangwon 22 2.3 17.4 19.7 29.5 50.8 80.3 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 5.7 25.0 30.6 38.2 26.7 64.9 4.4 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 9.3 25.5 34.7 23.0 39.8 62.9 2.4 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 2.8 21.4 24.2 36.2 35.4 71.6 4.1 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 3.9 23.9 27.7 36.9 32.2 69.0 3.2 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 37.5 37.5 50.0 12.5 62.5 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 3.2 20.2 23.5 38.5 35.1 73.6 2.9 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 5.2 25.9 31.0 31.4 33.9 65.3 3.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 2.6 27.0 29.6 33.1 29.4 62.4 8.0 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 3.6 22.0 25.6 39.7 30.6 70.3 4.2 100.0
-Middle country 313 3.6 25.4 29.0 31.5 36.4 67.9 3.1 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 6.7 20.1 26.8 31.0 38.7 69.7 3.5 100.0

Q10. Among the U.S. , Japan , China , Russia , and North Korea , which country is most favorable to you?

 

Total Sample TheU.S. North Korea China Japan Russia Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 54.8 14.4 13.2 9.2 5.3 3.3 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 53.2 15.9 12.7 9.5 5.5 3.2 100.0
-Female 366 56.3 12.9 13.7 8.8 5.1 3.3 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 49.6 14.6 13.8 14.5 4.2 3.3 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 40.3 21.1 15.7 10.1 7.5 5.4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 47.5 17.5 18.4 8.1 6.6 1.8 100.0
over 50 241 72.9 7.5 7.5 5.9 3.5 2.7 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 47.4 14.9 9.9 18.4 5.5 3.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 43.3 23.1 13.9 9.5 6.2 4.1 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 44.0 22.0 15.7 7.9 8.6 1.7 100.0
-over 50 111 71.8 6.5 11.4 4.4 2.7 3.3 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 51.8 14.3 17.9 10.3 2.9 2.8 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 37.2 18.9 17.6 10.7 8.9 6.7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 51.1 12.9 21.2 8.2 4.6 1.9 100.0
-over 50 130 73.9 8.3 4.2 7.1 4.2 2.2 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 72.4 6.9 4.2 7.8 3.5 5.3 100.0
-high school 225 53.1 14.2 13.6 10.2 6.0 3.0 100.0
-college or higher 421 52.4 15.8 14.6 8.8 5.3 3.0 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 44.7 29.1 9.1 6.5 10.7 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 54.4 10.8 11.5 10.4 11.8 1.2 100.0
-blue-collar 73 44.9 17.2 13.3 16.4 1.2 6.9 100.0
-white-collar 190 52.8 14.2 17.7 8.9 5.2 1.2 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 57.7 15.1 11.3 6.8 4.9 4.3 100.0
-student 93 56.2 12.0 11.4 12.3 5.8 2.2 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 64.6 11.6 11.7 4.1 1.0 7.0 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 58.8 9.5 12.4 8.3 5.5 5.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 56.6 14.7 14.7 9.0 3.4 1.7 100.0
-Gangwon 22 71.2 10.6 18.2 .0 .0 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 59.5 19.2 10.2 5.4 3.8 1.9 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 50.7 19.9 12.1 7.5 9.0 .8 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 57.5 14.7 10.6 7.9 5.4 4.0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 41.6 14.3 15.1 15.5 7.9 5.6 100.0
-Jeju 8 50.0 12.5 12.5 25.0 .0 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 55.0 12.0 12.6 10.7 4.7 4.9 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 54.9 15.9 13.7 9.0 4.9 1.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 52.5 20.2 13.8 .8 10.5 2.2 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 59.7 13.0 12.8 6.6 4.1 3.8 100.0
-Middle country 313 53.9 15.5 13.0 11.2 5.0 1.5 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 40.7 15.4 15.2 10.9 10.5 7.3 100.0

Q11. Among the U.S. , Japan , China , Russia , and North Korea , which country is most unfavorable to you?

 

Total Sample Japan North Korea Russia China TheU.S. Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 31.4 29.5 12.6 11.8 11.7 3.0 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 31.1 32.2 12.4 9.9 11.8 2.5 100.0
-Female 366 31.6 26.9 12.7 13.6 11.7 3.4 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 21.1 26.9 16.9 21.4 11.1 2.6 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 37.3 16.3 13.8 8.3 21.4 2.9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 33.7 27.8 13.9 8.4 13.9 2.4 100.0
-over 50 241 32.4 41.4 8.1 10.4 4.0 3.6 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 15.5 28.3 15.2 27.6 9.3 4.1 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 44.2 14.6 11.4 5.1 22.8 2.0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 33.5 30.3 14.7 4.4 14.9 2.2 100.0
-over 50 111 30.5 49.8 9.6 5.2 2.9 2.0 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 27.0 25.5 18.6 14.9 13.1 .9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 30.0 18.2 16.3 11.7 20.0 3.8 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 33.8 25.2 13.0 12.5 12.8 2.7 100.0
-over 50 130 34.0 34.3 6.8 14.9 5.0 5.0 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 34.7 32.3 8.4 15.0 1.3 8.3 100.0
-high school 225 35.9 29.2 14.5 9.8 9.5 1.0 100.0
-college or higher 421 28.4 29.2 12.3 12.3 14.9 3.0 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 42.4 18.8 10.5 8.8 19.6 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 28.7 43.3 7.4 9.6 11.0 .0 100.0
-blue-collar 73 42.2 16.2 12.5 8.3 16.2 4.7 100.0
-white-collar 190 31.2 27.7 14.5 9.2 15.6 1.8 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 33.8 28.4 11.7 13.0 9.8 3.1 100.0
-student 93 20.4 30.8 15.8 20.2 9.4 3.4 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 27.3 38.6 12.0 11.4 3.0 7.8 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 30.3 31.9 8.4 15.0 10.1 4.2 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 27.2 29.1 17.4 12.6 10.1 3.6 100.0
-Gangwon 22 42.4 38.6 5.3 9.1 4.5 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 32.3 26.9 12.9 11.9 14.1 1.9 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 41.6 17.0 9.6 10.2 18.9 2.7 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 29.1 33.9 20.4 4.6 9.2 2.8 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 32.5 32.7 6.6 12.3 13.8 2.0 100.0
-Jeju 8 25.0 25.0 31.3 12.5 6.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 32.9 30.5 11.2 12.0 10.7 2.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 29.4 30.8 14.7 10.6 10.9 3.6 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 33.2 16.7 9.4 17.2 22.3 1.2 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 33.0 29.5 13.7 11.8 8.3 3.7 100.0
-Middle country 313 29.0 31.2 12.1 12.3 12.6 2.9 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 33.9 24.0 10.3 10.4 20.6 .8 100.0

Q12. Are you satisfied with developments in the economic sector since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

 

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied 3+4 Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 26.6 55.5 82.1 11.9 6.0 17.9 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 33.2 55.6 88.8 6.7 4.5 11.2 100.0
-Female 366 20.2 55.3 75.5 17.0 7.4 24.5 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 16.8 58.3 75.1 19.8 5.1 24.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 17.1 62.6 79.7 13.3 7.0 20.3 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 30.9 55.6 86.5 6.5 6.9 13.5 100.0
-over 50 241 36.5 48.7 85.2 9.6 5.2 14.8 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 20.5 58.0 78.5 16.1 5.3 21.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 16.0 75.5 91.5 3.1 5.4 8.5 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 36.5 52.3 88.8 4.0 7.2 11.2 100.0
-over 50 111 52.8 41.2 94.1 4.7 1.3 5.9 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 13.0 58.5 71.5 23.6 5.0 28.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 18.3 49.1 67.3 24.0 8.7 32.7 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 25.1 59.1 84.2 9.2 6.6 15.8 100.0
-over 50 130 22.6 55.0 77.6 13.8 8.6 22.4 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 35.4 41.9 77.2 12.5 10.2 22.8 100.0
-high school 225 22.8 58.2 81.0 13.6 5.4 19.0 100.0
-college or higher 421 27.0 56.5 83.6 10.9 5.5 16.4 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 27.2 59.4 86.7 9.8 3.6 13.3 100.0
-self-employed 77 32.6 54.0 86.7 6.2 7.1 13.3 100.0
-blue-collar 73 24.2 60.5 84.7 7.6 7.7 15.3 100.0
-white-collar 190 34.3 52.1 86.4 10.2 3.3 13.6 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 17.4 59.1 76.6 16.0 7.4 23.4 100.0
-student 93 16.6 57.1 73.7 20.5 5.8 26.3 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 40.9 46.9 87.7 4.7 7.5 12.3 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 28.7 55.0 83.7 10.9 5.4 16.3 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 22.3 55.3 77.6 12.4 10.0 22.4 100.0
-Gangwon 22 31.8 47.7 79.5 17.4 3.0 20.5 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 26.0 49.8 75.8 19.6 4.6 24.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 25.8 62.7 88.5 7.3 4.2 11.5 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 35.6 57.2 92.8 4.1 3.1 7.2 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 26.5 56.4 82.9 13.7 3.4 17.1 100.0
-Jeju 8 6.3 43.8 50.0 25.0 25.0 50.0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 28.3 56.3 84.5 11.4 4.0 15.5 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 26.4 53.8 80.2 11.0 8.8 19.8 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 17.7 59.5 77.3 19.8 2.9 22.7 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 34.7 53.6 88.3 7.8 3.9 11.7 100.0
-Middle country 313 21.9 59.0 80.9 12.6 6.5 19.1 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 15.0 49.9 64.8 23.3 11.8 35.2 100.0

Q13. Are you satisfied with developments in the political sector since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

 

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied 3+4 Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 3.6 30.1 33.7 36.0 30.3 66.3 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.0 31.5 36.5 34.2 29.3 63.5 100.0
-Female 366 2.2 28.6 30.8 37.8 31.4 69.2 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 2.0 21.2 23.1 45.3 31.6 76.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 .9 20.2 21.1 41.8 37.1 78.9 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 6.3 32.9 39.2 27.6 33.1 60.8 100.0
-over 50 241 4.6 40.7 45.3 31.7 23.0 54.7 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 2.4 20.9 23.3 46.3 30.4 76.7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 .0 26.4 26.4 38.6 35.0 73.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 9.9 33.9 43.7 23.8 32.4 56.3 100.0
-over 50 111 7.0 41.3 48.4 29.9 21.7 51.6 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 1.5 21.5 23.0 44.2 32.8 77.0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 1.8 13.7 15.5 45.2 39.3 84.5 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 2.7 31.9 34.6 31.6 33.9 65.4 100.0
-over 50 130 2.6 40.1 42.7 33.2 24.1 57.3 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 4.4 50.4 54.8 25.3 19.9 45.2 100.0
-high school 225 3.5 26.9 30.4 40.6 29.0 69.6 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.5 28.0 31.5 35.5 33.0 68.5 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 3.1 46.5 49.6 32.1 18.3 50.4 100.0
-self-employed 77 6.2 36.0 42.2 29.8 28.0 57.8 100.0
-blue-collar 73 4.7 29.5 34.2 35.6 30.2 65.8 100.0
-white-collar 190 4.4 25.6 30.0 36.2 33.8 70.0 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 2.3 31.3 33.7 36.7 29.6 66.3 100.0
-student 93 .9 22.8 23.7 43.3 33.0 76.3 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 4.7 36.4 41.2 32.2 26.6 58.8 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 3.4 26.0 29.4 36.8 33.8 70.6 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 3.2 31.0 34.2 34.6 31.2 65.8 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 25.0 25.0 50.8 24.2 75.0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 2.5 34.4 36.9 26.8 36.3 63.1 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 5.0 23.1 28.1 42.0 29.9 71.9 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 4.7 30.1 34.8 48.0 17.2 65.2 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 4.4 37.1 41.5 29.6 28.9 58.5 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 25.0 25.0 18.8 56.3 75.0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.9 27.3 32.3 35.7 32.0 67.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 2.5 32.3 34.8 34.9 30.3 65.2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 1.4 34.9 36.3 43.7 20.0 63.7 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 5.4 35.0 40.4 36.4 23.2 59.6 100.0
-Middle country 313 2.1 26.2 28.3 37.9 33.8 71.7 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 2.2 26.5 28.7 28.0 43.4 71.3 100.0

Q14. Are you satisfied with developments in the social sector (stability of social order) since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

 

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied 3+4 Do not know/No response Total
% % % % % % % % %
Total 724 3.7 48.5 52.3 31.3 14.4 45.8 2.0 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 5.1 48.7 53.8 32.9 12.2 45.1 1.1 100.0
-Female 366 2.4 48.4 50.8 29.8 16.6 46.4 2.8 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 2.5 35.5 37.9 45.9 15.5 61.3 .7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 1.1 62.0 63.1 24.9 12.1 36.9 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 5.5 55.5 61.0 25.6 11.7 37.3 1.7 100.0
-over 50 241 5.2 42.9 48.1 30.4 17.2 47.6 4.3 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 3.5 34.2 37.7 49.6 12.7 62.3 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 1.0 69.3 70.3 22.5 7.2 29.7 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 7.4 56.9 64.2 22.0 11.5 33.4 2.3 100.0
-over 50 111 7.8 37.0 44.8 37.2 16.3 53.5 1.7 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 1.5 36.8 38.2 41.9 18.4 60.3 1.5 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 1.1 54.4 55.5 27.3 17.2 44.5 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 3.6 54.0 57.6 29.4 12.0 41.4 1.0 100.0
-over 50 130 3.0 48.0 51.0 24.6 17.9 42.5 6.5 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 6.2 43.5 49.7 20.5 23.1 43.6 6.7 100.0
-high school 225 3.2 51.4 54.6 27.7 15.1 42.8 2.6 100.0
-college or higher 421 3.6 47.9 51.5 35.3 12.4 47.7 .7 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 9.9 53.4 63.3 12.8 20.8 33.6 3.1 100.0
-self-employed 77 7.8 48.6 56.4 30.9 12.7 43.6 .0 100.0
-blue-collar 73 2.9 55.8 58.7 22.8 17.2 40.0 1.4 100.0
-white-collar 190 3.9 50.1 54.0 34.6 9.7 44.4 1.7 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 2.4 54.0 56.4 26.6 13.0 39.6 4.0 100.0
-student 93 1.7 30.2 32.0 50.0 18.0 68.0 .0 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 3.9 44.0 48.0 26.9 23.0 49.9 2.1 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 3.4 45.2 48.6 31.5 19.0 50.5 .9 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 1.9 53.6 55.5 30.2 12.0 42.2 2.3 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 47.0 47.0 41.7 11.4 53.0 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 1.4 42.0 43.4 35.1 16.3 51.4 5.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 9.4 49.4 58.7 25.7 15.6 41.3 .0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 5.4 49.0 54.4 36.4 5.9 42.4 3.2 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 4.9 48.4 53.3 30.0 15.0 45.0 1.7 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 43.8 43.8 18.8 37.5 56.3 .0 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 4.4 47.7 52.2 31.3 15.4 46.6 1.2 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 2.2 50.5 52.7 33.2 12.5 45.7 1.7 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 7.6 43.2 50.8 21.9 19.0 40.8 8.3 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 4.7 51.0 55.7 32.6 10.7 43.2 1.1 100.0
-Middle country 313 2.0 49.8 51.8 32.4 14.0 46.4 1.8 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 6.1 36.0 42.2 23.5 28.6 52.1 5.7 100.0

Q15. Are you satisfied with developments in the educational sector (improvement of educational conditions) since the establishment of the Republic of Korea or not? Please rate your opinion among “very satisfied”, “slightly satisfied”, “slightly dissatisfied”, and “very dissatisfied”.

 

Total Sample 1. very satisfied 2. slightly satisfied 1+2 3. slightly dissatisfied 4. very dissatisfied f+” Total
% % % % % % % %
Total 724 2.6 28.6 31.2 38.3 30.5 68.8 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 3.8 29.3 33.1 39.8 27.0 66.9 100.0
-Female 366 1.4 28.0 29.4 36.7 33.9 70.6 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 3.7 26.3 30.1 43.4 26.5 69.9 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 1.2 22.2 23.4 35.3 41.3 76.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 2.4 20.2 22.7 41.6 35.8 77.3 100.0
-over 50 241 2.9 40.3 43.1 34.7 22.2 56.9 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 6.4 31.0 37.4 45.2 17.4 62.6 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 1.6 23.8 25.4 33.6 41.0 74.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 3.0 19.6 22.6 48.5 28.9 77.4 100.0
-over 50 111 4.3 39.6 43.9 34.3 21.8 56.1 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 .9 21.4 22.3 41.5 36.2 77.7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 .9 20.5 21.4 37.0 41.6 78.6 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 1.8 20.9 22.7 34.4 42.8 77.3 100.0
-over 50 130 1.6 40.8 42.5 35.1 22.4 57.5 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 5.1 41.9 47.0 35.8 17.3 53.0 100.0
-high school 225 1.4 32.9 34.3 35.1 30.6 65.7 100.0
-college or higher 421 2.8 23.9 26.7 40.4 33.0 73.3 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 10.7 20.0 30.7 44.0 25.4 69.3 100.0
-self-employed 77 1.8 24.7 26.5 45.2 28.3 73.5 100.0
-blue-collar 73 2.1 36.9 39.0 34.9 26.1 61.0 100.0
-white-collar 190 2.6 25.3 27.9 37.5 34.5 72.1 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 .7 32.4 33.1 35.3 31.6 66.9 100.0
-student 93 5.1 19.5 24.6 45.0 30.4 75.4 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 2.7 38.4 41.1 33.0 25.9 58.9 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 2.6 32.5 35.0 35.7 29.3 65.0 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 2.0 21.6 23.7 41.4 34.9 76.3 100.0
-Gangwon 22 9.1 18.2 27.3 27.3 45.5 72.7 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 4.2 23.7 27.8 42.9 29.3 72.2 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 .8 39.2 40.0 36.5 23.6 60.0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 3.5 24.8 28.4 39.6 32.1 71.6 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 2.0 36.0 38.0 36.6 25.4 62.0 100.0
Jeju 8 .0 31.3 31.3 25.0 43.8 68.8 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 2.4 31.9 34.3 36.8 29.0 65.7 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 1.7 25.0 26.7 40.0 33.3 73.3 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 8.4 28.6 37.1 37.7 25.3 62.9 100.0
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 318 2.6 32.2 34.8 40.9 24.3 65.2 100.0
-Middle country 313 3.0 28.3 31.3 36.7 32.0 68.7 100.0
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 .9 17.8 18.7 34.2 47.1 81.3 100.0

Q16. Which status do you think Korea currently enjoys in international society after 60 years since its establishment?

 

Total Sample Advanced Middle-advanced Middle Middle-underdeveloped Underdeveloped Total
% % % % % % %
Total 724 3.3 40.6 43.2 11.1 1.7 100.0
Gender
-Male 358 3.0 46.6 38.5 9.5 2.5 100.0
-Female 366 3.7 34.8 47.9 12.8 .9 100.0
Age
-from 19 to 29 154 4.9 44.6 39.0 9.9 1.7 100.0
-from 30 to 39 166 1.2 39.8 44.1 13.5 1.4 100.0
-from 40 to 49 163 2.1 40.6 41.9 12.5 2.7 100.0
-over 50 241 4.7 38.6 46.2 9.4 1.1 100.0
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 79 6.6 46.3 35.5 8.3 3.3 100.0
-from 30 to 39 85 .0 48.9 36.7 11.6 2.8 100.0
-from 40 to 49 83 1.4 41.7 43.3 11.3 2.4 100.0
-over 50 111 4.0 48.6 38.5 7.3 1.6 100.0
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 75 3.0 42.8 42.7 11.5 .0 100.0
-from 30 to 39 81 2.4 30.3 51.9 15.4 .0 100.0
-from 40 to 49 80 3.0 39.6 40.6 13.8 3.1 100.0
-over 50 130 5.3 30.0 52.8 11.2 .7 100.0
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 78 8.7 38.0 49.0 4.2 .0 100.0
-high school 225 3.1 35.8 45.0 12.6 3.4 100.0
-college or higher 421 2.5 43.6 41.2 11.7 1.1 100.0
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 26 11.9 33.8 45.6 8.7 .0 100.0
-self-employed 77 4.0 37.6 32.6 22.3 3.4 100.0
-blue-collar 73 1.9 41.4 42.3 8.8 5.6 100.0
-white-collar 190 2.2 42.4 44.5 10.0 .9 100.0
-full-time housewife 197 2.9 32.3 52.6 11.2 1.0 100.0
-student 93 3.6 51.0 35.3 8.1 1.9 100.0
-unemployed and other 68 4.9 50.5 35.7 8.9 .0 100.0
Region
-Seoul 154 2.8 35.7 46.6 10.9 3.9 100.0
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 197 3.2 42.5 38.6 15.7 .0 100.0
-Gangwon 22 .0 27.3 61.4 11.4 .0 100.0
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 73 .9 44.5 38.1 15.1 1.4 100.0
-Gwangju/Jeolla 76 2.2 37.3 52.3 8.2 .0 100.0
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 77 11.1 46.5 35.4 7.0 .0 100.0
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 117 2.3 40.7 47.3 6.1 3.6 100.0
-Jeju 8 .0 62.5 18.8 6.3 12.5 100.0
Size of Region
-Big city 355 3.0 38.7 44.2 11.8 2.4 100.0
-Small and medium-sized city 311 3.3 42.9 40.9 11.7 1.2 100.0
-Eup/Myeon 58 5.9 40.1 50.0 4.1 .0 100.0

Q17. Then, when do you think Korea will be able to become an advanced country?

Total Sample Within 5 years 6-10 years 11 – 20 years Over 21 years Do not know/no response Total Average
% % % % % % % Years
Total 700 13.6 43.2 25.2 12.3 5.7 100.0 15.1
Gender
-Male 347 13.4 38.3 29.3 13.4 5.6 100.0 15.8
-Female 353 13.9 48.0 21.0 11.3 5.8 100.0 14.5
Age
-from 19 to 29 146 7.1 29.3 38.1 22.9 2.6 100.0 20.3
-from 30 to 39 164 8.3 38.7 25.4 20.8 6.9 100.0 17.7
-from 40 to 49 160 17.1 46.9 23.4 6.7 5.9 100.0 13.2
-over 50 230 19.2 52.8 18.0 3.5 6.6 100.0 11.2
Gender/Age
1)Male
-from 19 to 29 74 4.0 17.4 44.2 30.2 4.2 100.0 23.3
-from 30 to 39 85 10.9 39.7 23.8 19.2 6.4 100.0 17.1\
-from 40 to 49 82 13.0 43.8 30.7 4.3 8.2 100.0 13.3
-over 50 107 22.1 47.5 22.5 4.1 3.8 100.0 11.5
2)Female
-from 19 to 29 73 10.2 41.4 31.9 15.5 1.0 100.0 17.3
-from 30 to 39 79 5.6 37.6 27.0 22.4 7.4 100.0 18.4
-from 40 to 49 78 21.5 50.2 15.6 9.2 3.5 100.0 13.2
-over 50 123 16.6 57.3 14.1 2.9 9.0 100.0 10.9
Educational Background
-middle school or lower 71 28.1 49.5 14.7 1.3 6.4 100.0 9.9
-high school 218 13.9 48.9 23.7 5.9 7.6 100.0 13.1
-college or higher 410 11.0 39.1 27.7 17.7 4.5 100.0 17.1
Occupation
-agriculture, forestry and fisheries 23 9.0 54.6 36.3 .0 .0 100.0 12.7
-self-employed 74 13.0 37.5 27.1 12.4 10.0 100.0 14.7
-blue-collar 71 16.8 37.5 31.8 9.0 4.9 100.0 15.2
-white-collar 186 11.7 46.8 22.9 15.1 3.5 100.0 15.7
-full-time housewife 191 16.0 50.0 16.9 9.8 7.3 100.0 13.2
-student 90 9.6 24.6 42.7 21.5 1.7 100.0 20.3
-unemployed and other 65 16.6 47.9 18.2 6.9 10.4 100.0 12.9
Region
-Seoul 150 8.7 42.7 25.2 17.0 6.5 100.0 17.3
-Incheon/Gyeonggi 191 16.0 42.2 24.1 9.0 8.6 100.0 13.5
-Gangwon 22 20.5 23.5 48.5 5.3 2.3 100.0 15.7
-Daejeon/Chungcheong 72 12.8 52.8 21.2 10.8 2.4 100.0 13.9
-Gwangju/Jeolla 74 18.5 44.6 26.0 7.2 3.7 100.0 13.5
-Daegu/Gyeongbuk 68 15.2 46.1 22.7 13.7 2.3 100.0 14.9
-Busan/Ulsan/Gyeongnam 114 11.2 40.8 25.7 16.5 5.6 100.0 16.6
-Jeju 8 12.5 43.8 25.0 12.5 6.3 100.0 20.0
Size of Region
-Big city 345 10.8 44.3 25.3 14.8 4.8 100.0 16.2
-Small and medium-sized city 301 15.8 40.7 25.2 10.9 7.4 100.0 14.5
-Eup/Myeon 54 19.4 50.6 24.0 4.6 1.4 100.0 11.8
International Status
-Advanced or middle-advanced country 294 19.8 48.0 24.5 6.1 1.5 100.0 12.7
-Middle country 313 10.4 43.3 25.6 15.3 5.5 100.0 15.9
-Middle-underdeveloped or underdeveloped country 93 4.8 28.1 25.7 22.0 19.4 100.0 21.6

Sign me up for weekly updates

* Email
* First Name
* Last Name
Affiliation
* = Required Field