Dong-A Ilbo Opinion Poll: Special Research on Japanese Attitudes toward China and Other Nations

Key Issues
  • Japan’s relations with the United States, China and Korea
  • Perception on China’s economic growth
  • Perspectives on history issue
Dates Conducted

March 27 and 28, 2005

Date Released

April 26, 2005

Methodology

This survey research was conducted as part of a joint research survey with Asahi Shimbun of Japan and The Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS).

The following survey was conducted by the survey department of Asahi Shimbun. The department conducted face-to-face interviews with 1,781 Japanese adults, aged 20 and older (the margin of error is +/- 2.3 percent).

The Mansfield Foundation selected 34 relevant questions from the survey to translate into English. The Foundation used a version of Korean translation provided by Dong-A Ilbo. A similar survey was conducted in Korea and China.

Survey

Background

This survey, which examines Japanese attitudes towards China and other nations, was conducted towards the end of March 2005. The preceding months saw tensions rise between Japan and its neighbors, fuelled largely by historical disputes and clashing nationalist sentiment.

Prospects for Sino-Japanese ties appeared good when Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi did not visit the Yasukuni Shrine at the start of the year (Koizumi did, however, visit the shrine on October 17). Working-level diplomatic discussions between China and Japan took place in January, culminating in a Japanese proposal to advance bilateral relations. Unfortunately, hostilities rose due to sovereignty issues over the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyutai Islands and oil deposits in the East China Sea. This was exacerbated by a joint U.S.-Japan statement on February 19 calling for a “peaceful resolution” of the Taiwan question, which Beijing protested as interference in its domestic affairs. Economic dealings, however, were not affected by the diplomatic tension. China replaced the United States as Japan’s largest trading partner for the year 2004, prompting calls for a free-trade agreement between the two countries.

Disputes over the Tokdo/Takeshima islands marred what had been a positive outlook for Korea-Japan relations during the 40th anniversary of the normalization of bilateral ties. Riding on a wave of nationalistic sentiment, President Roh Moo-Hyun issued a letter to the people on March 23, declaring a “diplomatic war” with Japan. Little progress for a bilateral free-trade agreement was made over the quarter, with agriculture being the major sticking point in negotiations. Textbooks purporting to whitewash Japanese history also remained a contentious issue between both nations. On the upside, the growth of Korean popular culture seemed to have some mitigating effect on Japanese public opinion toward South Korea.

Meanwhile, attempts at bringing North Korea to the table for another round of the Six-Party Talks proved futile. As 2005 opened, Pyongyang stated it would not return to the talks without at least a rhetorical shift in U.S. policy. A congressional trip to North Korea in mid-January seemed to defuse tensions temporarily, but did not have a lasting effect, as the A.Q. Kahn scandal revealed details of North Korean uranium sales to Libya. On February 10, North Korea announced that it possessed nuclear weapons and would suspend participation in the Six-Party Talks indefinitely.

 

SURVEY:

Overall opinion of foreign countries

1. Is your overall opinion of the United States favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither No response Total
Overall 22.8 14.7 61.0 1.5 100.0
Male 28.7 14.4 55.7 1.2 100.0
Female 17.5 14.9 65.7 1.9 100.0
20’s 26.3 13.4 60.3 0.0 100.0
30’s 23.9 14.0 62.1 0.0 100.0
40’s 25.4 13.4 60.5 0.7 100.0
50’s 24.6 11.2 62.2 2.0 100.0
60’s or older 19.1 17.8 60.2 2.9 100.0
LDP supporters 32.5 11.2 55.3 1.0 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
22.6 19.8 56.8 0.8 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
18.4 10.2 69.4 2.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
17.1 39.0 41.5 2.4 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
13.8 27.6 48.3 10.3 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
37.5 12.5 37.5 12.5 100.0
Independent 18.0 14.0 66.4 1.7 100.0

2. Is your overall opinion of China favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 9.9 27.6 59.8 2.7 100.0
Male 12.5 29.3 55.5 2.7 100.0
Female 7.7 26.1 63.7 2.6 100.0
20’s 15.6 20.7 63.1 0.6 100.0
30’s 7.6 21.9 69.8 0.7 100.0
40’s 8.6 26.1 63.9 1.4 100.0
50’s 10.6 28.3 57.4 3.6 100.0
60’s or older 9.6 32.5 53.8 4.1 100.0
LDP supporters 12.0 32.7 53.9 1.4 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
9.9 31.3 56.8 2.1 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
22.4 6.1 65.3 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
17.1 31.7 46.3 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
10.3 37.9 44.8 6.9 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 12.5 75.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
7.9 24.5 64.6 3.0 100.0

3. Is your overall opinion of South Korea favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 15.5 21.5 60.7 2.3 100.0
Male 17.0 21.9 58.5 2.6 100.0
Female 14.1 21.1 62.7 2.0 100.0
20’s 23.5 10.1 65.9 0.6 100.0
30’s 19.9 14.0 65.4 0.7 100.0
40’s 18.6 13.4 67.0 1.0 100.0
50’s 15.4 23.0 58.8 2.8 100.0
60’s or older 10.0 30.9 55.3 3.8 100.0
LDP supporters 17.6 26.7 53.7 2.0 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
17.7 22.6 58.4 1.2 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
34.7 10.2 49.0 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
17.1 19.5 56.1 7.3 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
6.9 31.0 51.7 10.3 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 12.5 75.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
13.0 18.8 66.3 2.0 100.0

4. What is your opinion of North Korea? Is it favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 0.2 79.4 17.5 2.9 100.0
Male 0.2 80.1 16.7 3.0 100.0
Female 0.1 78.9 18.3 2.8 100.0
20’s 0.0 62.6 35.2 2.2 100.0
30’s 0.3 75.7 21.9 2.0 100.0
40’s 0.0 83.5 15.5 1.0 100.0
50’s 0.3 85.2 11.2 3.4 100.0
60’s or older 0.2 80.9 15.0 4.0 100.0
LDP supporters 0.2 87.5 10.4 2.0 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
0.0 84.8 12.8 2.5 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
0.0 61.2 34.7 4.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
0.0 58.5 26.8 14.6 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
0.0 75.9 20.7 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 50.0 37.5 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
0.2 75.8 21.2 2.8 100.0

 

Threat perception

5. Which country do you feel is most threatening to the security of Japan? Please choose one.

Group US Russia China South
Korea
North
Korea
India Iraq Others No threat
exists
Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 11.1 0.8 13.4 1.6 57.0 0.1 0.8 0.8 6.2 8.2 100.0
Male 9.4 0.8 19.6 1.2 59.4 0.0 0.5 0.1 6.0 3.0 100.0
Female 12.5 0.7 7.9 1.9 54.9 0.2 1.2 1.4 6.4 12.9 100.0
20’s 19.6 1.1 4.5 2.2 58.7 0.6 2.2 0.6 8.4 2.2 100.0
30’s 13.3 0.7 12.0 1.0 62.5 0.0 0.7 1.0 4.7 4.3 100.0
40’s 11.7 0.3 13.4 0.7 62.5 0.0 1.4 0.0 5.5 4.5 100.0
50’s 10.1 1.1 16.0 2.5 59.4 0.0 0.0 0.8 5.3 4.8 100.0
60’s or older 8.0 0.8 15.2 1.5 50.4 0.2 0.8 1.1 7.0 15.2 100.0
LDP supporters 9.0 1.6 14.7 1.8 60.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 3.7 6.9 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
11.9 0.4 17.7 1.2 59.7 0.8 1.2 0.4 3.7 2.9 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
14.3 2.0 12.2 0.0 57.1 0.0 0.0 2.0 6.1 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
26.8 0.0 12.2 0.0 43.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.1 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
10.3 3.4 13.8 0.0 65.5 0.0 0.0 3.4 0.0 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 62.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
11.2 0.3 11.8 1.8 54.7 0.0 0.8 0.7 7.8 11.0 100.0

6. Name one country that you think Japan should have friendly relations with.

Country
US 36.7
Russia 0.3
China 24.4
South Korea 10.3
North Korea 3.3
India 0.4
Vietnam 0.8
Iraq 0.7
Others 5.4
No specific country 7.1
Don’t know/
No response
10.6
100.0

 

Perceptions of countries in the region

7. Do you think Japan-South Korea relations are going well?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 24.4 61.3 14.3 100.0
Male 29.2 60.5 10.4 100.0
Female 20.1 62.0 18.0 100.0
20’s 33.0 60.3 6.7 100.0
30’s 24.3 65.4 10.3 100.0
40’s 25.4 60.1 14.4 100.0
50’s 28.0 59.9 12.0 100.0
60’s or older 19.6 60.8 19.6 100.0
LDP supporters 26.1 61.2 12.7 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
27.6 62.1 10.3 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
24.5 65.3 10.2 100.0
Communist party
supporters
17.1 78.0 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
37.9 41.4 20.7 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
25.0 37.5 37.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
22.4 60.9 16.6 100.0

8. Do you think Japan-China relations are going well?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 22.9 60.8 16.3 100.0
Male 25.5 63.0 11.5 100.0
Female 20.5 58.9 20.6 100.0
20’s 23.5 63.7 12.8 100.0
30’s 21.3 67.8 11.0 100.0
40’s 22.0 64.6 13.4 100.0
50’s 27.2 59.9 12.9 100.0
60’s or older 21.4 55.6 23.0 100.0
LDP supporters 28.0 56.7 15.3 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
26.3 62.1 11.5 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
28.6 53.1 18.4 100.0
Communist party
supporters
19.5 73.2 7.3 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
24.1 62.1 13.8 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 50.0 50.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
19.0 62.7 18.3 100.0

9. What kind of information about South Korea are you particularly interested in? Choose two among following choices.

Group Politics/
Diplomacy
Food/
Health
History/
Culture
Entertainment/Sports Tourism Society/
Social issues
Economy Korean
goods
Science/
Technology
Don’t know/
No response
Overall 29.3 26.4 24.8 21.7 19.4 17.7 15.4 9.8 4.6 8.8
Male 34.9 18.7 27.4 19.0 18.1 17.9 20.6 12.5 7.3 6.1
Female 24.3 33.3 22.4 24.0 20.6 17.5 10.8 7.4 2.2 11.3
20’s 20.7 35.2 22.9 34.1 30.7 16.8 11.7 7.3 5.0 2.8
30’s 33.2 27.9 23.3 26.6 23.6 18.6 14.6 9.6 5.3 4.3
40’s 30.9 27.5 18.9 27.1 22.3 22.3 13.7 12.0 6.2 5.2
50’s 27.2 27.7 30.8 20.2 21.3 17.1 14.8 13.2 4.5 5.6
60’s or older 30.3 22.1 25.3 14.4 12.1 15.8 17.9 7.8 3.5 15.9
LDP supporters 31.0 22.7 25.3 21.6 18.0 15.7 18.0 11.6 3.9 9.2
Democratic party
supporters
33.3 25.5 23.0 21.0 23.0 21.0 17.3 11.1 7.8 1.2
New Komeito
supporters
28.6 28.6 44.9 12.2 20.4 12.2 22.4 8.2 4.1 4.1
Communist party
supporters
29.3 19.5 41.5 19.5 12.2 17.1 19.5 12.2 2.4 7.3
Social Democratic
Party supporters
41.4 24.1 37.9 17.2 13.8 34.5 10.3 3.4 10.3 0.0
Supporters for
other parties
37.5 50.0 12.5 0.0 12.5 25.0 0.0 12.5 0.0 12.5
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
26.9 28.7 22.8 22.9 19.8 17.6 13.2 8.7 4.1 11.2

10. What kind of information about China are you particularly interested in? Choose two among following choices.

Group Politics/
Diplomacy
Economy History/
Culture
Food/Health Chinese
goods
Society/
Social issues
Tourism Science/
Technology
Entertainment/
Sports
Don’t know/
No response
Overall 32.0 27.9 27.3 21.1 18.5 17.0 15.1 5.6 4.7 9.0
Male 38.8 37.0 26.4 15.2 20.0 16.3 12.6 7.5 5.0 4.9
Female 25.9 19.8 28.1 26.4 17.1 17.5 17.3 3.8 4.4 12.8
20’s 22.9 25.7 30.2 29.6 16.8 16.8 22.3 5.6 12.3 3.9
30’s 31.6 34.6 29.9 22.9 15.3 19.9 17.9 5.6 1.3 3.7
40’s 33.3 28.2 30.9 18.2 19.6 23.4 14.4 8.6 3.4 5.8
50’s 31.9 31.9 28.3 20.7 21.3 17.1 17.6 7.6 3.4 5.0
60’s or older 34.2 23.1 23.1 19.4 18.4 12.7 10.7 3.1 5.4 16.5
LDP supporters 37.1 30.8 24.7 18.4 19.8 14.9 13.9 4.9 5.7 8.2
Democratic party
supporters
39.5 34.6 23.9 16.5 20.6 16.5 16.9 6.6 5.3 2.9
New Komeito
supporters
24.5 20.4 34.7 24.5 16.3 20.4 16.3 6.1 4.1 10.2
Communist party
supporters
39.0 22.0 22.0 26.8 26.8 17.1 9.8 12.2 7.3 4.9
Social Democratic
Party supporters
41.4 48.3 41.4 10.3 27.6 20.7 6.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
Supporters for
other parties
25.0 37.5 12.5 0.0 25.0 12.5 12.5 0.0 12.5 12.5
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
27.0 24.4 29.2 24.0 16.5 18.0 15.8 5.5 3.9 11.5

11. What do you think of the current economic situation in Japan?

Group Very good Good Bad Very bad Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 0.4 15.8 69.2 9.5 5.1 100.0
Male 0.2 17.6 69.4 8.9 3.8 100.0
Female 0.5 14.2 69.0 10.0 6.3 100.0
20’s 0.6 13.4 72.1 11.2 2.8 100.0
30’s 0.7 14.0 73.4 7.6 4.3 100.0
40’s 0.0 12.0 74.6 12.0 1.4 100.0
50’s 0.0 12.0 72.5 11.2 4.2 100.0
60’s or older 0.6 21.1 62.2 7.8 8.3 100.0
LDP supporters 0.6 20.8 66.7 6.5 5.5 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
0.0 19.8 67.9 9.5 2.9 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
0.0 16.3 75.5 8.2 0.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
0.0 7.3 70.7 22.0 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
0.0 17.2 69.0 13.8 0.0 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 0.0 87.5 0.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
0.4 12.4 70.4 10.7 6.1 100.0

12. Which country or region do you think will be the most important for Japan’s economy in the future?

Group US China South
Korea
Southeast
Asia
EU Others Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 32.8 39.1 4.2 8.9 4.2 1.7 9.1 100.0
Male 27.5 48.6 3.6 10.6 4.4 1.5 3.8 100.0
Female 37.6 30.7 4.8 7.4 3.9 1.9 13.6 100.0
20’s 34.6 31.8 7.8 10.6 10.1 1.7 3.4 100.0
30’s 31.9 43.2 4.7 11.6 4.7 1.7 2.3 100.0
40’s 30.9 47.1 4.5 8.9 4.1 0.7 3.8 100.0
50’s 31.9 47.1 2.2 8.1 4.2 1.1 5.3 100.0
60’s or older 34.2 31.4 4.0 7.7 2.3 2.6 17.9 100.0
LDP supporters 38.6 37.6 4.1 7.6 2.7 1.6 7.6 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
28.0 48.6 4.9 9.9 4.5 0.8 3.3 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
32.7 38.8 2.0 14.3 2.0 6.1 4.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
36.6 29.3 4.9 22.0 0.0 2.4 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
27.6 41.4 6.9 6.9 6.9 0.0 10.3 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
50.0 12.5 0.0 12.5 0.0 0.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
30.7 38.1 4.1 8.5 5.1 1.9 11.5 100.0

 

13. Do you feel in your daily life that Japan’s economic relations with China and South Korea have been deepened over the last 5 years?

Group Very much so To some extent Not much Not at all Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 9.5 47.4 31.4 6.2 5.5 100.0
Male 13.0 50.8 29.4 4.6 2.1 100.0
Female 6.5 44.3 33.3 7.7 8.3 100.0
20’s 7.8 52.0 34.6 5.0 0.6 100.0
30’s 10.0 49.5 35.2 3.7 1.7 100.0
40’s 8.6 59.8 25.1 5.2 1.4 100.0
50’s 12.6 48.7 33.3 2.5 2.8 100.0
60’s or older 8.6 38.9 30.6 10.3 11.6 100.0
LDP supporters 8.4 49.0 31.8 5.9 4.9 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
14.8 50.2 30.0 2.9 2.1 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
4.1 53.1 30.6 6.1 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
14.6 43.9 34.1 4.9 2.4 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
17.2 55.2 20.7 3.4 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
12.5 25.0 25.0 25.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
8.5 45.5 32.0 7.3 6.7 100.0

14. Choose one among following that has increased the most in your life with respect to South Korea for the last 5 years.

Group Personal contacts with South Koreans Buying South Korean goods Watching Korean movies/TV dramas Not especially increased Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 3.9 11.3 34.4 48.7 1.7 100.0
Male 5.6 12.7 28.5 52.0 1.2 100.0
Female 2.3 10.0 39.7 45.7 2.2 100.0
20’s 6.1 10.6 36.9 46.4 0.0 100.0
30’s 5.0 9.3 42.5 42.5 0.7 100.0
40’s 3.8 12.0 42.6 41.6 0.0 100.0
50’s 3.4 14.0 38.4 43.1 1.1 100.0
60’s or older 3.1 10.6 24.2 58.3 3.8 100.0
LDP supporters 4.7 10.2 34.1 49.8 1.2 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
3.7 16.0 33.7 45.3 1.2 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
0.0 16.3 55.1 28.6 0.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
4.9 26.8 14.6 53.7 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
6.9 17.2 27.6 41.4 6.9 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 12.5 25.0 50.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
3.6 9.4 34.9 50.1 2.1 100.0

15. Choose one among following that has increased the most in your life with respect to China for the last 5 years.

Group Personal contacts with Chinese people Buying
Chinese goods
Watching Chinese movies/TV dramas Not especially increased Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 6.5 25.4 4.7 61.3 2.1 100.0
Male 8.1 30.0 4.3 56.5 1.1 100.0
Female 5.0 21.4 5.1 65.6 3.0 100.0
20’s 10.6 20.7 7.8 60.9 0.0 100.0
30’s 8.6 22.9 5.0 62.5 1.0 100.0
40’s 8.2 30.6 2.7 58.1 0.3 100.0
50’s 5.0 30.5 5.9 57.7 0.8 100.0
60’s or older 4.3 22.8 4.0 64.3 4.6 100.0
LDP supporters 6.5 24.9 4.5 62.0 2.2 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
7.8 32.1 6.2 53.9 0.0 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
8.2 32.7 14.3 44.9 0.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
0.0 31.7 4.9 63.4 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
6.9 27.6 6.9 51.7 6.9 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 25.0 0.0 62.5 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
6.3 23.2 3.9 64.0 2.6 100.0

 

Prospect of China’s economic growth and regional implications

16. Do you think economic growth of China will favorably or negatively affect the economies of Japan?

Group Favorably Negatively Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 45.6 31.7 22.7 100.0
Male 52.6 32.7 14.6 100.0
Female 39.3 30.8 29.9 100.0
20’s 55.9 25.1 19.0 100.0
30’s 54.5 29.9 15.6 100.0
40’s 52.9 30.9 16.2 100.0
50’s 49.3 32.8 17.9 100.0
60’s or older 33.4 34.2 32.5 100.0
LDP supporters 45.7 35.5 18.8 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
51.4 32.9 15.6 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
53.1 22.4 24.5 100.0
Communist party
supporters
51.2 26.8 22.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
58.6 20.7 20.7 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
25.0 50.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
43.1 30.2 26.7 100.0

17. Currently, China is the seventh largest economic power in the world in terms of its GDP. Do you believe that China is likely to be the world’s greatest economic power? Please choose one among the choices.

Group Yes, within
10 years
Within 25 years Less than 50 years 50 years
or later
Never Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 12.2 16.8 6.7 3.1 51.7 9.5 100.0
Male 12.7 19.5 7.6 3.5 52.0 4.6 100.0
Female 11.8 14.3 6.0 2.8 51.3 13.8 100.0
20’s 7.8 20.1 10.6 6.1 49.7 5.6 100.0
30’s 11.3 16.6 9.6 3.3 54.8 4.3 100.0
40’s 15.5 20.6 6.9 3.1 50.5 3.4 100.0
50’s 15.4 19.9 5.6 2.8 51.3 5.0 100.0
60’s or older 10.7 12.6 4.9 2.3 51.5 18.1 100.0
LDP supporters 11.8 14.9 6.1 3.9 54.1 9.2 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
14.4 21.0 6.2 3.3 52.3 2.9 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
14.3 18.4 4.1 2.0 49.0 12.2 100.0
Communist party
supporters
19.5 19.5 9.8 0.0 48.8 2.4 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
20.7 31.0 6.9 3.4 34.5 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 12.5 12.5 0.0 50.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
11.3 16.1 7.2 2.8 50.9 11.7 100.0

18. If you feel worried about China’s economic development, which of the following is the closest to your concerns?

Group Sharp changes in exchange rate/business conditions in China Environmental degradation Prospect for competition over food & resources China’s increasing political influence China’s military
build-up
No specific
concerns
Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 11.5 18.0 17.3 15.5 17.1 15.2 5.4 100.0
Male 12.0 20.2 20.6 16.2 19.6 9.2 2.1 100.0
Female 10.9 16.0 14.5 14.9 14.8 20.5 8.4 100.0
20’s 13.4 21.8 15.6 14.5 15.6 16.8 2.2 100.0
30’s 13.6 20.9 20.9 15.0 14.0 12.3 2.7 100.0
40’s 18.6 20.3 16.2 19.6 13.1 10.7 1.7 100.0
50’s 14.3 19.0 20.2 19.0 16.0 9.0 2.5 100.0
60’s or older 5.2 14.1 15.2 11.9 21.3 21.4 10.9 100.0
LDP supporters 9.6 13.9 17.6 15.3 21.8 15.7 6.1 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
12.8 23.5 19.3 16.9 17.3 8.2 2.1 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
10.2 24.5 16.3 10.2 16.3 16.3 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
9.8 14.6 22.0 14.6 19.5 19.5 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
6.9 27.6 20.7 20.7 10.3 10.3 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 0.0 37.5 0.0 0.0 37.5 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
12.5 18.5 16.2 15.5 14.7 16.4 6.1 100.0

19. As China’s economy advances, Japan has reduced its ODA support in China. Do you support the reduction of ODA by Japan or oppose it?
(support/oppose/don’t know)

Group Support Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 62.6 21.5 15.9 100.0
Male 70.7 20.8 8.5 100.0
Female 55.4 22.1 22.5 100.0
20’s 62.6 22.3 15.1 100.0
30’s 68.8 18.3 13.0 100.0
40’s 71.8 15.5 12.7 100.0
50’s 64.7 22.4 12.9 100.0
60’s or older 54.5 25.0 20.5 100.0
LDP supporters 63.7 25.3 11.0 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
73.7 19.3 7.0 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
51.0 28.6 20.4 100.0
Communist party
supporters
56.1 31.7 12.2 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
69.0 24.1 6.9 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
50.0 0.0 50.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
59.8 19.2 21.0 100.0

20. What factors do you think will threaten peace and stability in East Asia – including Southeast Asia? Choose two among choices.

Group The Korean peninsula Territorial disputes Terrorism Chinese military Tensions over the Taiwan Strait Presence of US forces Japanese military power Don’t know/
No response
Overall 43.1 36.0 31.7 19.3 17.3 14.3 6.5 7.2
Male 51.0 36.8 25.0 23.7 24.9 11.4 5.7 3.1
Female 36.0 35.3 37.7 15.4 10.6 16.9 7.1 10.9
20’s 41.9 36.3 42.5 11.2 16.2 20.1 6.7 1.7
30’s 56.5 33.2 35.2 16.6 14.3 16.3 5.6 3.3
40’s 48.1 38.5 35.7 18.6 18.6 14.8 5.8 4.1
50’s 47.6 40.6 29.1 22.1 19.0 13.2 3.6 4.2
60’s or older 32.5 33.5 26.8 21.6 17.6 12.3 8.6 13.6
LDP supporters 42.7 39.0 31.8 19.4 17.8 11.6 7.5 6.9
Democratic party
supporters
46.5 37.0 28.8 23.9 23.0 14.0 2.9 2.5
New Komeito
supporters
40.8 32.7 42.9 20.4 6.1 24.5 8.2 4.1
Communist party
supporters
58.5 19.5 19.5 14.6 12.2 31.7 12.2 4.9
Social Democratic
Party supporters
44.8 44.8 27.6 24.1 24.1 20.7 6.9 0.0
Supporters for
other parties
50.0 37.5 12.5 0.0 12.5 0.0 0.0 25.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
41.6 34.6 32.7 18.2 16.2 14.5 6.5 9.1

21. Which areas do you believe are the most important for developing interdependence among East Asian countries? Please choose two among choices.

Group Security Environment Trade/
Investment
Education Science/
Technology
Freer movement of labor Don’t know/
No response
Overall 51.4 41.3 26.0 24.1 16.3 12.6 6.0
Male 53.5 41.3 31.9 23.3 16.1 14.5 2.0
Female 49.6 41.3 20.7 24.8 16.6 10.8 9.5
20’s 49.2 43.0 29.6 24.6 20.7 10.1 1.7
30’s 48.5 49.5 31.6 22.9 17.9 12.6 2.0
40’s 59.5 43.0 28.9 21.3 18.2 11.0 2.1
50’s 55.5 44.0 26.9 24.9 12.0 17.6 2.5
60’s or older 47.6 34.9 20.7 25.3 15.9 11.2 12.6
LDP supporters 52.0 37.3 28.8 24.5 17.8 11.4 6.3
Democratic party
supporters
52.3 42.0 30.5 26.3 16.9 14.4 1.2
New Komeito
supporters
42.9 44.9 24.5 36.7 20.4 4.1 2.0
Communist party
supporters
68.3 51.2 4.9 22.0 14.6 17.1 2.4
Social Democratic
Party supporters
51.7 51.7 20.7 27.6 17.2 13.8 0.0
Supporters for
other parties
50.0 12.5 12.5 25.0 25.0 0.0 25.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
50.6 42.7 24.5 22.5 15.1 13.1 7.4

 

Perception on Japan’s increasing role

22. The UN is now trying to reform its Security Council structure by increasing the number of its permanent members. Do you support or oppose Japan’s being a new member of the UN Security Council?

Group Support Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 67.5 14.7 17.8 100.0
Male 76.7 14.2 9.2 100.0
Female 59.4 15.2 25.4 100.0
20’s 74.9 12.8 12.3 100.0
30’s 72.8 14.6 12.6 100.0
40’s 71.1 14.4 14.4 100.0
50’s 71.7 13.4 14.8 100.0
60’s or older 59.3 16.1 24.7 100.0
LDP supporters 73.9 13.5 12.5 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
77.8 12.3 9.9 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
63.3 18.4 18.4 100.0
Communist party
supporters
46.3 39.0 14.6 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
72.4 13.8 13.8 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
37.5 0.0 62.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
62.5 14.9 22.6 100.0

 

Perception on the Koreas

23. Do you believe the two Koreas will be re-unified?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 35.7 53.8 10.5 100.0
Male 42.9 51.2 6.0 100.0
Female 29.3 56.1 14.6 100.0
20’s 33.0 63.7 3.4 100.0
30’s 42.5 53.5 4.0 100.0
40’s 39.9 53.6 6.5 100.0
50’s 41.5 51.5 7.0 100.0
60’s or older 28.3 52.5 19.1 100.0
LDP supporters 33.1 56.9 10.0 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
40.3 54.3 5.3 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
36.7 57.1 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
39.0 56.1 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
31.0 58.6 10.3 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
12.5 50.0 37.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
36.1 51.5 12.4 100.0

24. Choose one among the following choices that best describes your first impression of North Korea.

Group Development of nuclear weapons Kidnapping Japanese/South Koreans Spy boats/
Spy agents
Separated
families
Refugees Famine/
Lack of food
Human rights
issues
Don’t Know/
No response
Total(%)
Overall 22.9 48.7 5.8 1.3 5.7 5.6 6.2 3.8 100.0
Male 26.1 42.7 6.8 1.2 5.5 6.9 8.2 2.6 100.0
Female 20.0 54.0 4.9 1.5 5.8 4.5 4.4 5.0 100.0
20’s 25.7 46.9 5.0 0.0 7.3 5.6 8.4 1.1 100.0
30’s 24.3 47.5 6.3 1.0 8.3 5.3 5.6 1.7 100.0
40’s 17.5 58.1 5.8 0.7 4.1 5.2 6.5 2.1 100.0
50’s 24.1 49.0 4.8 2.0 4.5 6.2 7.3 2.2 100.0
60’s or older 23.1 45.3 6.3 1.8 5.4 5.7 5.1 7.4 100.0
LDP supporters 27.5 47.3 6.5 1.6 4.9 6.1 3.3 2.9 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
24.7 44.4 7.0 1.2 7.0 2.9 10.7 2.1 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
20.4 59.2 8.2 2.0 4.1 2.0 4.1 0.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
14.6 39.0 9.8 2.4 4.9 19.5 9.8 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
6.9 62.1 3.4 0.0 13.8 0.0 10.3 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 37.5 12.5 0.0 12.5 12.5 0.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
21.0 50.2 4.8 1.2 5.5 5.8 6.4 5.1 100.0

25. How much do you feel threatened by the North Korean nuclear development?

Group Very much To some extent Not much Not at all Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 42.7 41.9 10.3 2.1 3.0 100.0
Male 41.9 43.3 11.5 1.9 1.3 100.0
Female 43.4 40.7 9.1 2.2 4.6 100.0
20’s 48.0 39.7 9.5 2.8 0.0 100.0
30’s 38.5 47.5 11.5 0.7 1.7 100.0
40’s 36.4 50.9 9.3 2.1 1.4 100.0
50’s 45.4 42.0 10.9 0.8 0.8 100.0
60’s or older 44.4 36.0 10.0 3.2 6.4 100.0
LDP supporters 47.1 40.8 9.2 1.6 1.4 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
46.1 42.4 8.6 1.6 1.2 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
42.9 51.0 4.1 2.0 0.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
31.7 39.0 24.4 4.9 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
27.6 58.6 13.8 0.0 0.0 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
12.5 37.5 12.5 0.0 37.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
40.5 41.6 10.9 2.4 4.6 100.0

26. What do you think the neighboring countries should do with regard to North Korean problems including the North’s nuclear development and kidnapping of foreign civilians? Should countries continue talks with North Korea to use diplomatic means or apply more coercive means such as economic sanctions?

Group Should use diplomatic means and continue talks Should apply hard-lined poicy including economic sanctions Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 47.2 46.0 6.8 100.0
Male 47.3 49.2 3.6 100.0
Female 47.2 43.3 9.6 100.0
20’s 50.8 46.9 2.2 100.0
30’s 44.5 52.5 3.0 100.0
40’s 38.5 57.4 4.1 100.0
50’s 44.3 50.7 5.0 100.0
60’s or older 53.0 35.2 11.8 100.0
LDP supporters 45.9 49.8 4.3 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
39.9 57.6 2.5 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
65.3 28.6 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
63.4 29.3 7.3 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
51.7 37.9 10.3 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
25.0 50.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
48.3 42.7 9.0 100.0

 

Past history & relations with China and South Korea

27. How important do you think the historical issues such as the colonial legacies and Sino-Japanese War are to Japan-China-Korea relations?

Group Very important Somewhat important Not very important Not important at all Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 24.5 51.4 16.5 2.9 4.7 100.0
Male 25.5 51.2 18.2 2.9 2.3 100.0
Female 23.6 51.5 14.9 2.9 7.1 100.0
20’s 23.5 57.0 13.4 5.6 0.6 100.0
30’s 26.9 57.1 12.0 1.7 2.3 100.0
40’s 25.4 51.5 18.2 2.7 2.1 100.0
50’s 23.5 54.6 16.5 2.0 3.4 100.0
60’s or older 23.7 45.3 18.5 3.2 9.2 100.0
LDP supporters 22.0 50.2 21.4 2.9 3.5 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
26.7 50.6 18.5 3.3 0.8 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
32.7 46.9 14.3 2.0 4.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
51.2 36.6 12.2 0.0 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
37.9 48.3 10.3 0.0 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
12.5 50.0 0.0 12.5 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
23.3 53.3 13.8 2.9 6.8 100.0

28. Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi has visited and paid tribute at the Yaskuni Shrine every year since taking office. Do you support or oppose PM Koizumi’s visit to the Yasukuni Shrine?

Group Approve Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 54.2 28.5 17.3 100.0
Male 54.2 32.9 13.0 100.0
Female 54.3 24.5 21.1 100.0
20’s 54.7 29.1 16.2 100.0
30’s 49.5 29.9 20.6 100.0
40’s 50.9 31.6 17.5 100.0
50’s 51.8 31.7 16.5 100.0
60’s or older 59.1 24.5 16.4 100.0
LDP supporters 72.0 18.0 10.0 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
46.1 38.7 15.2 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
40.8 49.0 10.2 100.0
Communist party
supporters
39.0 51.2 9.8 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
48.3 44.8 6.9 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
12.5 50.0 37.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
48.4 28.7 22.9 100.0

29. What do you think the Yasukuni Shrine is? Choose one among following explanations that is the closest to your idea.

Group Memorial place for the war dead Symbol of Japanese militarism A religious place Don’t have specific ideas Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 65.6 10.5 10.4 11.6 1.9 100.0
Male 65.8 10.8 12.3 10.5 0.6 100.0
Female 65.4 10.2 8.7 12.6 3.1 100.0
20’s 52.5 13.4 10.1 22.9 1.1 100.0
30’s 61.1 13.6 10.6 13.0 1.7 100.0
40’s 59.8 13.4 12.0 13.4 1.4 100.0
50’s 68.3 9.2 12.0 9.8 0.6 100.0
60’s or older 72.3 7.7 8.7 8.1 3.2 100.0
LDP supporters 75.3 6.3 9.0 8.6 0.8 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
64.2 14.8 9.5 11.5 0.0 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
55.1 22.4 14.3 8.2 0.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
31.7 41.5 9.8 14.6 2.4 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
65.5 24.1 6.9 0.0 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
37.5 0.0 12.5 25.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
62.8 9.3 11.3 13.7 2.9 100.0

 

30. This year, which marks the 40th year since the normalization of relations between Japan and South Korea, there have come into sight increasing discussions on Japan’s compensation/reparation for the victims of its colonial rule. How much attention do you pay to the issue of Japan’s compensation/reparation?

Group Very much To some extent Not much Not at all Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 8.1 45.9 34.6 7.7 3.7 100.0
Male 8.8 47.0 35.8 6.5 1.8 100.0
Female 7.4 45.0 33.6 8.7 5.3 100.0
20’s 8.9 38.0 38.5 13.4 1.1 100.0
30’s 7.0 46.8 39.9 5.3 1.0 100.0
40’s 5.2 49.8 39.2 4.8 1.0 100.0
50’s 6.2 49.3 34.7 7.3 2.5 100.0
60’s or older 10.7 44.1 29.1 8.7 7.4 100.0
LDP supporters 9.8 44.5 34.7 7.8 3.1 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
6.2 50.2 35.4 8.2 0.0 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
20.4 42.9 32.7 2.0 2.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
29.3 48.8 17.1 4.9 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
10.3 62.1 13.8 3.4 10.3 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
12.5 37.5 0.0 25.0 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
5.9 45.2 36.3 7.9 4.8 100.0

31. Do you think that Japan already compensated for victims of the colonial era, and that the issue was settled? Or has the issue of compensation not yet been settled?

Group Yes, it’s settled/resolved Not yet resolved Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 30.2 60.0 9.8 100.0
Male 39.5 54.3 6.2 100.0
Female 21.8 65.0 13.2 100.0
20’s 16.8 78.2 5.0 100.0
30’s 23.3 72.1 4.7 100.0
40’s 26.1 66.3 7.6 100.0
50’s 38.1 52.9 9.0 100.0
60’s or older 34.5 50.4 15.2 100.0
LDP supporters 38.8 52.4 8.8 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
30.9 63.4 5.8 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
10.2 83.7 6.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
12.2 82.9 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
34.5 62.1 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 50.0 50.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
27.1 61.0 11.9 100.0

32. Do you think it is possible for Japan, China and Korea to overcome the problems of past history?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 49.8 39.6 10.6 100.0
Male 55.8 37.6 6.5 100.0
Female 44.4 41.4 14.1 100.0
20’s 59.2 38.0 2.8 100.0
30’s 46.5 47.2 6.3 100.0
40’s 57.7 37.1 5.2 100.0
50’s 53.8 38.1 8.1 100.0
60’s or older 43.0 38.6 18.4 100.0
LDP supporters 51.0 38.8 10.2 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
53.5 40.7 5.8 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
46.9 44.9 8.2 100.0
Communist party
supporters
48.8 46.3 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
48.3 34.5 17.2 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
37.5 25.0 37.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
48.5 39.5 12.0 100.0

33. What do you think is the most important element to solve the disputes over history? Please choose one from the following.

Group Japan’s apology acceptable to Koreans and Chinese Japan’s reconsideration of its compensation for the victims Joint history studies for resolving different perspectives Changes in Korean & Chinese perspective on Japan Comprehensive exchanges between the two peoples Don’t Know/
No response
Total(%)
Overall 12.8 7.5 21.9 23.0 28.9 5.9 100.0
Male 13.1 7.5 25.1 23.9 27.7 2.6 100.0
Female 12.5 7.5 19.0 22.1 29.9 8.9 100.0
20’s 14.5 6.7 21.2 24.0 32.4 1.1 100.0
30’s 18.3 8.6 21.9 26.9 21.9 2.3 100.0
40’s 12.4 9.3 18.9 28.9 27.8 2.7 100.0
50’s 11.8 7.3 26.9 21.0 29.7 3.4 100.0
60’s or older 10.6 6.6 20.7 19.3 31.1 11.8 100.0
LDP supporters 9.0 9.6 21.4 26.5 29.0 4.5 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
18.1 7.4 25.1 23.9 23.0 2.5 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
16.3 6.1 24.5 10.2 40.8 2.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
24.4 7.3 36.6 14.6 17.1 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
17.2 6.9 17.2 17.2 34.5 6.9 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
25.0 0.0 25.0 12.5 12.5 25.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
12.5 6.5 20.6 22.1 30.2 8.0 100.0

34. Korean popular culture – movies, TV dramas for instance – has greatly been introduced in recent years. How often do you watch Korean movies or TV dramas?

Group Frequently Sometimes Rarely Not at all Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 6.9 26.0 30.8 35.4 0.9 100.0
Male 3.5 23.0 34.5 38.5 0.6 100.0
Female 10.1 28.7 27.4 32.6 1.3 100.0
20’s 6.1 30.7 32.4 30.7 0.0 100.0
30’s 7.3 30.9 33.9 27.2 0.7 100.0
40’s 7.2 29.9 32.0 30.9 0.0 100.0
50’s 10.6 28.0 28.9 31.1 1.4 100.0
60’s or older 4.7 19.6 29.4 44.7 1.5 100.0
LDP supporters 6.7 24.3 31.4 36.9 0.8 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
8.2 29.2 30.0 32.5 0.0 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
2.0 42.9 28.6 24.5 2.0 100.0
Communist party
supporters
7.3 12.2 12.2 68.3 0.0 100.0
Social Democratic Party
supporters
0.0 34.5 37.9 27.6 0.0 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
0.0 25.0 37.5 25.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
7.2 25.5 31.3 34.7 1.2 100.0

35. Do you think you have become friendlier towards Korea after your exposure to Korean popular culture?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 40.1 52.6 7.3 100.0
Male 35.5 58.2 6.3 100.0
Female 44.3 47.6 8.1 100.0
20’s 48.0 48.0 3.9 100.0
30’s 53.8 41.9 4.3 100.0
40’s 51.2 44.0 4.8 100.0
50’s 44.3 50.7 5.0 100.0
60’s or older 24.5 63.7 11.8 100.0
LDP supporters 34.5 59.4 6.1 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
48.1 48.1 3.7 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
49.0 40.8 10.2 100.0
Communist party
supporters
36.6 58.5 4.9 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
51.7 44.8 3.4 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
37.5 50.0 12.5 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
40.5 50.6 8.9 100.0

36. Do you think you have become friendlier towards Korea? (This question was asked to those who had answered “frequently” or “sometimes” in question 34.)

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total (%)
Overall 69.3 28.0 2.7 100.0
Male 66.2 32.4 1.4 100.0
Female 71.2 25.3 3.6 100.0
20’s 77.3 19.7 3.0 100.0
30’s 77.4 20.9 1.7 100.0
40’s 77.8 19.4 2.8 100.0
50’s 71.0 26.1 2.9 100.0
60’s or older 52.8 44.0 3.1 100.0
LDP supporters 63.9 34.8 1.3 100.0
Democratic party
supporters
75.8 23.1 1.1 100.0
New Komeito
supporters
68.2 22.7 9.1 100.0
Communist party
supporters
75.0 12.5 12.5 100.0
Social Democratic
Party supporters
50.0 50.0 0.0 100.0
Supporters for
other parties
100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0
Independent/
Non-committed/
Don’t know
70.5 26.1 3.4 100.0

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