Dong-A Ilbo Opinion Poll: Special Research on Chinese Attitudes toward Japan and Other Nations

Key Issues
  • China’s relations with the United States, Japan and Korea
  • Prospect of China’s economic growth
  • Perceptions on Japan and North Korea
Dates Conducted

March 15 – 31, 2005

Date Released

April 26, 2005

Methodology

This survey research was conducted as part of a joint research survey with Asahi Shimbun of Japan and The Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS).

The following survey research was conducted by World Research Center in the CASS. The Research Center conducted face-to-face interviews with 2,160 Chinese adults, aged 20 and older (the margin of error is +/- 2.1 percent).

The Mansfield Foundation selected 34 relevant questions from the survey to translate into English. The Foundation used a version of Korean translation provided by Dong-A Ilbo. A similar survey was conducted in Korea and Japan.

 

Survey

Overall opinion of foreign countries

1. Is your overall opinion of the United States favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know Total
Overall 18.3 39.8 40.6 1.3 100.0
Male 19.1 42.2 37.4 1.2 100.0
Female 17.4 37.1 44.2 1.2 100.0
20’s 19.7 37.4 41.9 1.0 100.0
30’s 20.7 39.6 38.4 1.3 100.0
40’s 19.6 38.7 41.3 0.4 100.0
50’s 12.5 41.5 43.8 2.2 100.0
60’s and older 11.8 48.2 37.9 2.1 100.0
Middle School Graduate or Lower 12.0 46.0 39.5 2.5 100.0
High School Graduate 20.4 39.2 39.3 1.0 100.0
College or higher 21.9 34.3 43.7 0.2 100.0

 

2. Is your overall opinion of Japan favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know Total
Overall 7.8 64.1 26.8 1.3 100.0
Male 7.5 68.8 22.3 1.4 100.0
Female 8.1 58.9 31.7 1.4 100.0
20’s 10.6 64.1 24.4 0.9 100.0
30’s 5.9 66.1 26.4 1.6 100.0
40’s 8.9 58.3 32.0 0.8 100.0
50’s 6.3 62.9 28.3 2.6 100.0
60’s and older 4.6 73.8 19.5 2.1 100.0
Middle School Graduate
or Lower
6.1 61.6 29.7 2.6 100.0
High School Graduate 8.5 63.8 26.4 1.2 100.0
College or higher 8.5 67.0 24.2 0.3 100.0

 

3. Is your overall opinion of South Korea favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know Total
Overall 46.5 7.3 45.2 1.0 100.0
Male 45.1 9.0 45.0 1.0 100.0
Female 48.1 5.4 45.4 1.1 100.0
20’s 54.7 7.2 37.4 0.7 100.0
30’s 45.8 6.5 47.1 0.7 100.0
40’s 44.3 7.3 47.6 0.8 100.0
50’s 41.2 9.2 47.4 2.2 100.0
60’s and older 37.4 7.2 53.3 2.1 100.0
Middle School Graduate
or Lower
38.1 8.2 51.3 2.3 100.0
High School Graduate 49.3 6.4 43.7 0.6 100.0
College or higher 51.2 7.5 41.0 0.3 100.0

 

4. What is your opinion of North Korea? Is it favorable or unfavorable?

Group Favorable Unfavorable Neither Don’t know Total
Overall 37.7 9.1 52.0 1.2 100.0
Male 42.6 10.1 46.2 1.1 100.0
Female 32.3 8.0 58.5 1.3 100.0
20’s 34.0 8.9 56.4 0.7 100.0
30’s 38.8 8.3 51.8 1.1 100.0
40’s 37.2 10.9 51.2 0.6 100.0
50’s 37.1 8.5 51.8 2.6 100.0
60’s and older 47.2 8.7 42.1 2.1 100.0
Middle School Graduate
or Lower
44.6 7.3 45.9 2.2 100.0
High School Graduate 38.1 8.5 52.4 1.0 100.0
College or higher 30.0 11.8 57.9 0.3 100.0

 

Threat perception

5. Which country do you feel is most threatening to the security of China? Please choose one.

Group US Russia Japan South Korea North Korea India Vietnam Others No specific
threat
Don’t know
/No response
Total
Overall 72.7 0.9 19.4 0.1 0.4 1.2 0.2 0.6 1.2 3.3 100.0
Male 68.9 0.9 23.0 0.1 0.7 2.0 0.1 0.6 1.1 2.6 100.0
Female 77.0 0.9 15.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 1.3 4.2 100.0
20’s 74.2 0.5 19.1 0.0 0.3 2.1 0.2 0.5 1.0 2.1 100.0
30’s 72.6 0.7 19.9 0.2 0.2 1.3 0.2 0.5 1.0 3.6 100.0
40’s 73.1 1.0 18.6 0.2 0.8 1.2 0.2 1.0 1.2 2.6 100.0
50’s 74.3 1.5 18.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.1 3.7 100.0
60’s and older 65.6 1.5 21.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 2.6 7.7 100.0
Middle School Graduate
or Lower
72.3 0.8 15.6 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.4 7.9 100.0
High School Graduate 78.4 0.8 16.0 0.0 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.7 0.8 1.8 100.0
College or higher 65.1 1.1 28.1 0.0 0.5 2.2 0.0 0.6 1.6 0.8 100.0

 

6. Name one country that you think China should have friendly relations with.

US 27.9
Russia 32.4
UK 1.8
Japan 7.6
South Korea 8.5
North Korea 6.7
India 1.6
France 2.1
Others 6.3
No specific country 0.4
don’t know/ No response 4.7
Total (%) 100.0

 

Perceptions of countries in the region

7. Do you think China-Japan relations are going well?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 22.8 74.6 2.6 100.0
Male 18.4 79.5 2.0 100.0
Female 27.7 69.1 3.2 100.0
20’s 23.6 74.9 1.5 100.0
30’s 21.7 75.9 2.4 100.0
40’s 24.3 73.9 1.8 100.0
50’s 21.7 73.9 4.4 100.0
60’s or older 22.1 72.3 5.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
25.8 68.9 5.3 100.0
High School graduate 23.4 74.3 2.4 100.0
College or higher 19.0 80.9 0.2 100.0

8. Do you think China-South Korea relations are going well?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 81.8 15.6 2.6 100.0
Male 80.2 17.7 2.1 100.0
Female 83.6 13.4 3.0 100.0
20’s 85.5 13.7 0.9 100.0
30’s 82.6 15.5 2.0 100.0
40’s 82.0 16.4 1.6 100.0
50’s 76.5 18.0 5.5 100.0
60’s or older 75.4 16.9 7.7 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
75.0 18.0 7.0 100.0
High School graduate 84.3 14.9 0.8 100.0
College or higher 85.3 14.2 0.5 100.0

9. What kind of information about South Korea are you particularly interested in? Choose two among following choices.

Group Economy Politics/
Diplomacy
Korean
goods
Science/
Technology
Food/
Health
Entertainment/
Sports
Tourism History/
Culture
Society/
Social Events
Don’t Know/
No response
Overall 34.7 28.9 26.7 23.4 18.1 17.6 15.8 12.4 12.2 2.5
Male 38.6 34.6 20.8 27.2 12.3 18.4 14.1 11.7 12.7 2.1
Female 30.3 22.6 33.1 19.2 24.4 16.7 17.6 13.1 11.7 2.8
20’s 29.7 26.5 32.8 21.4 20.0 22.7 16.8 12.1 13.2 0.5
30’s 36.2 32.1 25.2 20.8 17.8 16.6 16.8 12.7 14.0 1.6
40’s 37.4 29.1 28.3 26.1 18.0 13.6 14.0 12.8 10.9 2.4
50’s 37.1 26.1 19.1 27.2 15.4 17.6 14.0 11.8 10.3 5.9
60’s or older 34.4 29.2 19.0 25.1 16.9 15.4 16.9 11.8 9.7 6.2
Middle School gradueate
or lower
30.9 26.6 21.6 25.3 17.1 14.3 12.6 13.5 14.2 6.2
High School
graduate
35.1 30.2 28.7 22.9 19.0 17.3 17.3 10.8 11.3 1.5
College or higher 38.0 29.3 29.0 22.0 17.7 21.4 16.9 13.4 11.5 0.0

10. What kind of information about Japan are you particularly interested in? Choose two among following choices.

Group Politics/
Diplomacy
Science/
Technology
Economy Society/
Social Events
Japanese goods History/
Culture
Food/
Health
Tourism Entertainment/
Sports
Don’t Know/
No response
Overall 42.1 33.6 29.5 21.6 19.5 14.9 12.9 10.0 6.4 2.0
Male 47.9 37.1 32.5 22.5 16.0 14.6 8.0 6.7 6.2 1.4
Female 35.7 29.6 26.2 20.7 23.4 15.2 18.2 13.7 6.7 2.6
20’s 41.9 36.8 27.0 23.2 21.0 12.3 14.9 10.4 7.0 0.9
30’s 47.6 32.6 29.6 24.9 16.6 16.1 10.4 10.1 4.9 1.0
40’s 41.1 31.8 31.0 20.0 23.5 16.0 13.4 7.9 7.7 1.6
50’s 34.2 31.3 32.4 17.3 15.8 15.1 14.7 12.9 6.6 5.1
60’s or older 39.0 34.9 29.2 16.4 19.0 15.4 10.8 10.3 6.2 5.1
Middle School gradueate
or lower
37.3 30.2 27.5 19.3 20.2 13.2 13.7 10.4 6.2 5.4
High School
graduate
40.0 35.6 30.6 21.8 19.6 16.3 12.8 9.9 6.9 0.9
College or higher 49.9 34.1 30.1 23.8 18.7 14.5 12.1 9.9 6.1 0.0

 

11. What do you think of the current economic situation in China?

Group Very Good Good Bad Very Bad Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 8.8 69.2 18.1 2.9 1.0 100.0
Male 9.3 68.3 18.2 3.4 0.8 100.0
Female 8.1 70.3 17.9 2.3 1.4 100.0
20’s 7.4 66.7 22.7 2.1 1.2 100.0
30’s 8.8 67.6 19.7 3.1 0.8 100.0
40’s 9.3 70.9 15.4 4.0 0.4 100.0
50’s 9.6 69.9 15.8 3.3 1.5 100.0
60’s or older 10.3 76.9 8.7 1.5 2.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
13.1 68.9 12.1 3.7 2.2 100.0
High School graduate 8.7 68.2 19.3 3.0 0.8 100.0
College or higher 4.5 71.0 22.3 1.9 0.3 100.0

12. Which country or region do you think will be the most important for China’s economy in the future?

Group US Japan South
Korea
Southeast
Asia
EU Others Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 37.5 6.0 5.8 16.3 28.9 3.4 2.1 100.0
Male 36.3 5.8 5.1 16.0 32.9 2.6 1.3 100.0
Female 38.8 6.1 6.5 16.8 24.6 4.4 2.8 100.0
20’s 30.3 5.5 5.6 18.5 36.4 2.9 0.9 100.0
30’s 37.3 5.2 5.4 14.8 33.1 2.9 1.3 100.0
40’s 42.3 6.5 5.3 17.6 23.3 3.2 1.8 100.0
50’s 43.0 5.9 7.4 13.6 21.3 4.4 4.4 100.0
60’s or older 40.0 8.7 6.7 15.4 18.5 5.6 5.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
39.7 6.1 8.6 15.1 18.4 6.7 5.6 100.0
High School graduate 37.2 6.5 5.2 18.1 29.8 2.6 0.7 100.0
College or higher 35.7 5.1 3.8 15.2 38.6 1.3 0.3 100.0

13. Do you feel in your daily life that China’s economic relations with Japan and South Korea have been deepened over the last 5 years?

Group Very much so To some
extent
Not much
so
Not at all Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 10.4 71.1 14.3 2.1 2.0 100.0
Male 10.7 72.3 13.9 1.8 1.3 100.0
Female 10.1 69.8 14.7 2.5 2.8 100.0
20’s 12.1 73.2 12.1 1.7 0.9 100.0
30’s 9.9 71.3 15.5 1.8 1.5 100.0
40’s 9.3 72.3 14.0 2.0 2.4 100.0
50’s 9.9 69.5 14.7 2.2 3.7 100.0
60’s or older 10.3 63.6 17.4 4.6 4.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
9.8 64.4 17.0 3.9 5.0 100.0
High School graduate 10.3 73.9 13.1 1.3 1.2 100.0
College or higher 11.2 74.0 13.2 1.4 0.2 100.0

14. Choose one among following that has increased the most in your life with respect to South Korea for the last 5 years.

Group Personal contacts with South Koreans Buying South Korean goods Watching South Korean movies/TV dramas Not especially increased Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 12.1 18.8 57.0 10.5 1.6 100.0
Male 14.9 21.2 51.9 10.8 1.1 100.0
Female 9.1 16.2 62.7 10.0 2.0 100.0
20’s 10.4 19.5 66.3 3.2 0.5 100.0
30’s 12.5 18.4 61.1 7.0 1.0 100.0
40’s 12.1 20.9 53.6 11.5 1.8 100.0
50’s 12.5 16.5 44.5 23.2 3.3 100.0
60’s or older 15.4 15.9 42.6 22.6 3.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
13.5 15.1 47.9 19.3 4.2 100.0
High School graduate 12.9 20.1 58.0 8.3 0.7 100.0
College or higher 9.6 20.7 65.1 4.5 0.2 100.0

15. Choose one among following that has increased the most in your life with respect to Japan for the last 5 years.

Group Personal contacts with Japanese people Buying Japanese goods Watching Japanese movies/TV dramas Not especially increased Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 16.5 30.1 19.6 32.6 1.2 100.0
Male 17.7 33.2 15.9 32.4 0.9 100.0
Female 15.1 26.8 23.8 32.9 1.4 100.0
20’s 16.2 31.5 23.8 28.5 0.0 100.0
30’s 17.3 28.5 21.3 31.9 1.0 100.0
40’s 16.4 32.6 17.8 31.8 1.4 100.0
50’s 15.1 29.4 14.3 39.0 2.2 100.0
60’s or older 16.9 26.2 13.8 40.5 2.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
14.9 26.3 20.8 35.5 2.5 100.0
High School graduate 18.9 29.7 18.2 32.5 0.8 100.0
College or higher 14.7 34.8 20.4 30.0 0.2 100.0

 

Prospect of China’s economic growth and regional implications

16. Do you think economic growth of China will favorably or negatively affect the economies of Japan and South Korea?

Group Favorably Negatively Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 72.8 23.3 3.9 100.0
Male 75.7 21.1 3.3 100.0
Female 69.7 25.8 4.5 100.0
20’s 73.7 24.1 2.2 100.0
30’s 75.1 21.7 3.3 100.0
40’s 71.7 25.1 3.2 100.0
50’s 69.5 24.3 6.3 100.0
60’s or older 70.8 20.5 8.7 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
62.4 28.5 9.2 100.0
High School graduate 75.3 22.2 2.5 100.0
College or higher 80.1 19.6 0.3 100.0

17. Currently, China is the seventh largest economic power in the world in terms of its GDP. Do you believe that China is likely to be the world’s greatest economic power? Please choose one among the choices.

Group Yes, within
10 years
Within
25 years
Less than
50 years
50 years or
later
Never Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 14.2 19.6 19.2 20.6 25.5 0.9 100.0
Male 11.0 18.1 20.5 22.8 27.0 0.7 100.0
Female 11.7 21.2 17.8 18.3 23.8 1.1 100.0
20’s 12.3 17.3 23.2 25.5 21.0 0.7 100.0
30’s 13.2 21.2 19.5 21.5 24.3 0.3 100.0
40’s 14.2 20.6 17.8 18.4 28.1 0.8 100.0
50’s 18.8 19.9 14.3 15.8 30.1 1.1 100.0
60’s or older 16.9 18.5 16.4 15.9 29.2 3.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
23.5 22.6 15.9 15.1 21.0 2.0 100.0
High School graduate 12.2 21.8 20.3 19.4 25.7 0.4 100.0
College or higher 7.5 13.4 21.1 28.1 29.7 0.3 100.0

18. If you feel worried about China’s economic development, which of the following is the closest to your concerns?

Group Price rise Widening disparity in wealth Unemployment Degrading public
security
Economic disparities among regions Moral decadence Environmental degradation No worries Don’t Know/
No response
Total
Overall 21.0 36.6 14.6 7.5 2.4 6.4 10.0 1.1 0.4 100.0
Male 17.2 40.6 12.8 8.2 3.0 6.3 10.2 1.2 0.4 100.0
Female 25.1 32.2 16.6 6.7 1.8 6.5 9.7 0.9 0.5 100.0
20’s 14.0 37.6 16.8 5.6 3.9 8.4 12.8 0.5 0.3 100.0
30’s 19.1 39.3 14.2 6.8 2.3 5.9 11.1 1.3 0.2 100.0
40’s 26.1 33.6 16.6 8.1 1.6 3.2 9.7 0.6 0.4 100.0
50’s 29.0 33.1 12.1 9.2 1.1 8.5 5.1 1.1 0.7 100.0
60’s or older 23.6 37.4 7.7 11.3 2.1 7.7 5.6 3.1 1.5 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
29.1 32.3 12.3 8.6 1.2 5.4 6.8 2.8 1.4 100.0
High School
graduate
21.6 37.9 16.9 7.2 2.0 4.5 9.6 0.4 0.0 100.0
College or higher 11.8 39.1 13.7 6.9 4.1 10.2 13.9 0.2 0.2 100.0

19. As part of its assistance to developing countries, Japan has carried out its Official Development Assistance (ODA) program. This program provides China with funds and technological aid, which is equivalent to ¥ 33,000. Do you know about this? (yes, I know some cases/ yes, I know a case/ I don’t know about it at all)

Group Yes, I know
some cases
Yes, I know
one case
Don’t know
at all
No response Total
Overall 2.0 31.6 65.6 0.8 100.0
Male 2.8 37.5 58.8 0.9 100.0
Female 1.1 25.0 73.2 0.7 100.0
20’s 1.4 31.5 66.5 0.7 100.0
30’s 2.1 37.0 60.3 0.7 100.0
40’s 2.0 32.4 65.6 0.0 100.0
50’s 1.5 22.4 75.0 1.1 100.0
60’s or older 4.1 25.6 67.2 3.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
0.8 16.6 81.0 1.6 100.0
High School graduate 1.5 33.7 64.4 0.4 100.0
College or higher 4.0 43.9 51.7 0.5 100.0

20. As China’s economy advances, Japan has reduced its ODA support in China. Do you approve the reduction of ODA by Japan or oppose it?
(Approve/oppose/don’t know)

Group Approve Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 25.7 66.8 7.5 100.0
Male 27.2 66.8 6.0 100.0
Female 24.0 66.8 9.3 100.0
20’s 30.3 65.5 4.3 100.0
30’s 25.1 68.7 6.2 100.0
40’s 23.9 67.0 9.1 100.0
50’s 22.8 65.4 11.8 100.0
60’s or older 22.6 65.6 11.8 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
20.7 64.7 14.6 100.0
High School graduate 24.3 69.8 6.0 100.0
College or higher 32.9 64.6 2.6 100.0

21. What factors do you think will threaten peace and stability in East Asia – including Southeast Asia? Choose two among choices.

Group China/Taiwan
relations
Presence of US Forces Territorial
Disputes
Japanese military power International terrorism the Korean Peninsula Chinese Military power Don’t Know/
No response
Overall 67.2 32.5 21.9 20.4 19.7 11.3 10.5 1.4
Male 67.8 31.5 20.9 24.4 16.2 14.2 9.7 0.7
Female 66.6 33.3 22.9 16.0 23.6 8.2 11.3 2.1
20’s 68.4 33.3 21.5 22.2 22.4 7.9 10.1 0.5
30’s 65.5 31.9 21.0 21.8 19.2 14.0 11.4 0.7
40’s 71.5 30.6 22.3 19.2 16.6 10.9 11.5 1.4
50’s 64.7 35.3 21.0 18.0 22.1 11.0 8.5 2.6
60’s or older 62.1 33.3 25.6 16.9 17.9 14.9 8.7 4.6
Middle School gradueate
or lower
62.1 35.3 21.0 13.2 21.3 10.1 12.0 3.7
High School
graduate
69.9 32.5 22.5 19.1 19.0 12.0 11.2 0.7
College or higher 68.7 29.8 21.9 29.7 19.1 11.6 7.8 0.0

22. Which areas do you believe are the most important for developing interdependence among East Asian countries? Please choose two among choices.

Group Trade/
Investment
Security Education Science/
Technology/
Medical Service
Environmental
measures
Movement of labor Don’t Know/
No response
Overall 62.5 36.3 30.1 28.8 13.4 13.1 2.3
Male 66.5 38.4 25.3 28.0 14.6 12.3 2.0
Female 58.0 33.9 35.4 29.8 12.1 13.9 2.5
20’s 66.5 28.0 36.4 27.4 16.8 13.7 0.7
30’s 64.2 38.9 29.8 29.2 12.1 12.2 0.8
40’s 63.0 41.7 28.1 28.7 12.6 11.1 1.8
50’s 53.7 38.6 25.7 26.5 14.0 16.5 5.5
60’s or older 55.9 35.4 23.1 35.9 8.7 13.8 8.2
Middle School gradueate
or lower
50.5 36.2 30.6 30.5 10.7 12.8 6.4
High School
graduate
65.1 37.3 28.8 30.3 13.8 13.4 0.9
College or higher 71.0 34.8 31.4 25.0 15.5 12.9 0.0

 

Perception on Japan’s increasing role

23. The UN is now trying to reform its Security Council structure by increasing the number of its permanent members. Do you support or oppose Japan’s being a new member of the UN Security Council?

Group Approve Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 12.7 84.3 3.0 100.0
Male 12.5 84.8 2.6 100.0
Female 12.9 83.6 3.5 100.0
20’s 14.4 83.2 2.4 100.0
30’s 10.3 87.6 2.1 100.0
40’s 13.8 83.4 2.8 100.0
50’s 13.2 82.4 4.4 100.0
60’s or older 11.8 81.5 6.7 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
13.7 79.9 6.4 100.0
High School graduate 10.6 87.1 2.4 100.0
College or higher 14.7 84.7 0.6 100.0

24. Currently, Japanese Self Defense Forces (SDF) participate in operations other than combat overseas such as humanitarian support and Iraqi rehabilitation. Do you support or oppose SDF’s operations overseas?

Group Approve Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 4.3 92.6 3.1 100.0
Male 4.1 93.4 2.5 100.0
Female 4.5 91.8 3.7 100.0
20’s 4.4 93.7 1.9 100.0
30’s 4.2 93.3 2.4 100.0
40’s 4.9 92.7 2.4 100.0
50’s 4.0 90.8 5.1 100.0
60’s or older 3.1 89.7 7.2 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
5.6 87.9 6.5 100.0
High School graduate 3.7 94.2 2.1 100.0
College or higher 3.8 95.4 0.8 100.0

Perception on the Koreas

25. Do you believe the two Koreas will be re-unified?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 62.1 35.7 2.2 100.0
Male 62.6 35.4 2.0 100.0
Female 61.5 36.2 2.3 100.0
20’s 60.3 38.5 1.2 100.0
30’s 58.8 40.1 1.1 100.0
40’s 62.6 35.2 2.2 100.0
50’s 62.1 32.7 5.1 100.0
60’s or older 76.4 19.5 4.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
58.9 36.7 4.4 100.0
High School graduate 63.0 34.9 2.0 100.0
College or higher 64.0 35.9 0.2 100.0

26. Choose one among the following choices that best describes your first impression of North Korea.

Group Development of nuclear weapons Kidnapping Japanese/South Koreans Spy boats/
Spy agents
Separated
families
Refugees Famine/
Lack of food
Human rights
issues
Don’t Know/
No response
Total
Overall 43.5 1.6 1.4 8.5 12.3 17.5 12.7 2.5 100.0
Male 49.2 1.7 1.2 6.4 9.3 18.4 12.0 1.7 100.0
Female 37.1 1.6 1.6 10.8 15.5 16.4 13.5 3.6 100.0
20’s 47.7 1.2 1.7 8.7 14.7 14.9 10.1 1.0 100.0
30’s 45.6 2.1 1.6 8.6 11.6 15.6 13.8 1.0 100.0
40’s 43.7 2.0 1.0 8.3 10.9 18.6 13.4 2.0 100.0
50’s 33.8 0.4 1.1 9.9 13.2 20.2 13.2 8.1 100.0
60’s or older 36.9 2.1 1.0 6.2 9.2 24.1 14.4 6.2 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
36.2 1.4 1.4 8.2 14.0 19.4 12.8 6.5 100.0
High School
graduate
45.2 2.1 1.3 9.4 10.8 15.7 14.0 1.3 100.0
College or higher 48.5 1.1 1.4 7.5 12.6 17.9 10.7 0.3 100.0

27. How much do you feel threatened by the North Korean nuclear development?

Group Very much To some extent Not much Not at all Don¡¯t know/
No response
Total
Overall 7.3 32.2 49.5 9.9 1.1 100.0
Male 8.5 32.6 47.6 10.1 1.2 100.0
Female 5.9 31.7 51.6 9.6 1.2 100.0
20’s 5.8 38.5 48.0 6.5 1.2 100.0
30’s 7.0 31.4 51.8 9.3 0.5 100.0
40’s 7.1 32.2 49.6 10.7 0.4 100.0
50’s 8.8 26.5 48.5 14.3 1.8 100.0
60’s or older 10.8 23.6 47.7 13.3 4.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
9.2 26.4 46.3 14.9 3.1 100.0
High School graduate 7.4 33.9 49.4 8.7 0.6 100.0
College or higher 5.1 35.6 52.8 6.4 0.2 100.0

28. What do you think the neighboring countries should do with regard to North Korean problems including the North’s nuclear development and kidnapping of foreign civilians? Should countries continue talks with North Korea to use diplomatic means or apply more coercive means such as economic sanctions?

Group Should continue talks and use diplomatic means Should apply hard-lined policy including economic sanctions Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 85.5 12.3 2.2 100.0
Male 86.7 11.6 1.8 100.0
Female 84.1 13.2 2.7 100.0
20’s 83.6 14.9 1.5 100.0
30’s 85.2 13.5 1.3 100.0
40’s 87.9 11.1 1.0 100.0
50’s 85.7 10.3 4.0 100.0
60’s or older 85.6 6.7 7.7 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
83.5 11.2 5.3 100.0
High School graduate 84.7 13.8 1.5 100.0
College or higher 88.5 11.3 0.2 100.0

 

China-Japan relations

29. How important do you think the unresolved historical issues are to China-Japan relations?

Group Very important Somewhat important Not very important Not important at all Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 62.8 29.1 6.2 1.1 0.8 100.0
Male 65.3 26.6 6.4 1.0 0.6 100.0
Female 60.0 31.8 5.9 1.2 1.1 100.0
20’s 65.8 26.7 6.3 0.9 0.3 100.0
30’s 63.2 30.0 5.7 0.7 0.5 100.0
40’s 55.1 34.0 8.1 1.8 1.0 100.0
50’s 63.6 26.5 7.0 1.5 1.5 100.0
60’s or older 71.3 24.6 1.5 0.5 2.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
59.6 29.9 7.0 1.6 2.0 100.0
High School graduate 61.0 31.2 6.7 0.7 0.3 100.0
College or higher 68.7 25.2 4.6 1.1 0.3 100.0

30. Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi has visited and paid tribute at the Yaskuni Shrine every year since taking office. Do you support or oppose PM Koizumi’s visit to the Yasukuni Shrine?

Group Approve Oppose Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 0.0 91.3 8.7 100.0
Male 0.1 93.0 6.9 100.0
Female 0.0 89.3 10.7 100.0
20’s 0.2 91.8 8.0 100.0
30’s 0.0 93.3 6.7 100.0
40’s 0.0 91.9 8.1 100.0
50’s 0.0 87.5 12.5 100.0
60’s or older 0.0 86.7 13.3 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
0.0 84.8 15.2 100.0
High School graduate 0.0 93.1 6.9 100.0
College or higher 0.2 95.2 4.6 100.0

31. What do you think the Yasukuni Shrine is? Choose one among following explanations that is the closest to your idea.

Group Memorial place for the war dead Symbol of Japanese militarism A religious place Don’t have specific ideas No response Total
Overall 15.5 58.7 6.8 17.3 1.8 100.0
Male 14.8 64.3 6.9 12.4 1.6 100.0
Female 16.2 52.4 6.7 22.6 2.0 100.0
20’s 15.6 61.9 6.3 15.7 0.5 100.0
30’s 16.8 60.9 6.5 14.5 1.3 100.0
40’s 16.2 56.7 7.3 18.2 1.6 100.0
50’s 13.2 51.8 7.4 23.5 4.0 100.0
60’s or older 12.3 56.4 7.2 19.5 4.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
13.4 44.2 7.6 30.6 4.2 100.0
High School graduate 17.1 58.1 8.1 15.5 1.2 100.0
College or higher 15.3 74.3 4.1 6.1 0.2 100.0

32. Do you think it is possible for China and Japan to overcome the problems of past history?

Group Yes No Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 53.2 45.7 1.0 100.0
Male 53.7 45.5 0.8 100.0
Female 52.7 46.0 1.3 100.0
20’s 51.5 47.4 1.2 100.0
30’s 49.5 49.8 0.7 100.0
40’s 55.7 44.1 0.2 100.0
50’s 57.0 41.5 1.5 100.0
60’s or older 59.0 37.9 3.1 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
52.4 45.3 2.3 100.0
High School graduate 55.3 44.0 0.7 100.0
College or higher 51.2 48.6 0.2 100.0

33. What do you think is the most important element to solve the disputes over history? Please choose one from the following.

Group Japan’s apology acceptable to Chinese Japan’s reconsideration of its reparation Joint history studies for resolving different perspectives Changes in Chinese perspective on Japan Comprehensive exchanges between the two peoples Don’t Know/
No response
Total
Overall 48.2 14.5 19.4 4.5 12.2 1.2 100.0
Male 46.8 14.0 20.8 4.1 13.1 1.1 100.0
Female 49.7 15.1 17.7 4.9 11.3 1.3 100.0
20’s 41.9 13.2 20.9 5.8 17.8 0.5 100.0
30’s 50.2 15.0 19.1 4.1 11.1 0.7 100.0
40’s 48.8 13.2 19.8 5.3 11.5 1.4 100.0
50’s 51.8 16.2 18.4 2.6 8.5 2.6 100.0
60’s or older 54.4 18.5 15.9 2.6 6.2 2.6 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
48.2 16.0 17.1 3.9 12.1 2.6 100.0
High School
graduate
49.7 15.4 18.5 4.2 11.2 1.0 100.0
College or higher 46.1 11.8 22.8 5.6 13.7 0.0 100.0

34. What do you think has shaped the basis of your historical perspective? Choose one among the following choices that you think has influenced you the most.

Group Your own or familiy experiences School Education Memorial, Museums etc Press or broadcasting Media Movies or TV dramas Don’t know/
No response
Total
Overall 6.8 41.9 11.4 24.2 15.4 0.3 100.0
Male 7.1 44.4 12.4 21.4 14.6 0.1 100.0
Female 6.3 39.2 10.3 27.3 16.4 0.5 100.0
20’s 2.7 56.4 10.8 15.7 14.2 0.2 100.0
30’s 3.4 47.2 11.2 23.0 15.1 0.0 100.0
40’s 6.1 33.0 13.4 28.7 18.6 0.2 100.0
50’s 12.1 26.5 9.6 34.6 16.2 1.1 100.0
60’s or older 23.6 25.6 11.8 27.7 10.8 0.5 100.0
Middle School gradueate
or lower
10.6 28.0 11.0 27.1 22.4 0.9 100.0
High School graduate 5.6 43.4 11.7 25.3 14.0 0.0 100.0
College or higher 4.5 54.1 11.5 19.8 10.2 0.0 100.0

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