Past Programs

Past Programs


East China Sea Tensions

In November 2013 China imposed an Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea. Tensions in the region already were elevated over bitter historical quarrels and disputed territories.  In an effort to further constructive dialogue on these issues, in mid-February 2014 the Mansfield Foundation initiated a multi-part program on maritime and territorial disputes in East Asian waters.  The program included private and public meetings in Washington and Tokyo. In each city leading experts from the United States and Asia met to discuss issues related to these disputes in private and public forums.  The private sessions allowed participants to examine the issues and explore solutions in frank, non-political, and off-the-record settings.  The private meetings were followed by public events that provided opportunities to engage on the issues with representatives of the think tank, media, government, business and academic communities in Washington, D.C., and Tokyo. Several of the participants and other experts were asked to author brief essays addressing issues related to the maritime and territorial disputes.  The essays were revised to reflect the private and public sessions in Washington, and were compiled in a compendium, “East China Sea Tensions, Perspectives and Implications,” published in March 2014.

The February 12, 2014 symposium in Washington featured James Feinerman (Georgetown University Law School) as moderator and panelists Andrew Erickson (John King Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies, Harvard University), Ely Ratner (Center for a New American Security), Kuen-Chen Fu (Shanghai Jiaotong University and Xiamen University) and Satoru Mori (Hosei University). During lunch, Gordon Chang ( provided a spirited address on “Asia’s 1937 Syndrome.” Donald Clarke (George Washington University Law School) moderated a second panel featuring Wallace “Chip” Gregson (U.S. Marine Corps (ret), and Banyan Analytics, an ANSER Institute), Tsuneo Watanabe (The Tokyo Foundation), Jun Osawa (Institute for International Policy Studies) and Gordon Chang. The program ended with a keynote address by Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Strategy and Multilateral Affairs Michael Fuchs (Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State).

In March 2014 several of the panelists travelled to Tokyo along with Mansfield Foundation staff to continue their dialogue with senior members of the Japanese government and U.S. officials and to participate in a second symposium.

Nuclear Free Northeast Asia

On November 10-11, 2011, the Mansfield Foundation, in collaboration with the Nautilus Institute and the Asia Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, convened a workshop focused on furthering the dialogue on an Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone.

Workshop participants discussed the viability of replacing the current nuclear deterrence paradigm in Northeast Asia with a conventional deterrence model.  The discussion covered:

  • The current state of nuclear extended deterrence in East Asia
  • Pathways and pitfalls to extended deterrence
  • Specific proposals for nuclear weapons free zones
  • East Asian security beyond nuclear deterrence
  • Geostrategic adjustments for a non-nuclear security framework

Participants included military analysts and officers, researchers and academics, former politicians, and current government officials from countries including Japan, the United States, Australia, China and Korea.

Mansfield Committee on U.S. Japan Relations 

This committee comprises participants drawn from the American and Japanese policy communities thought likely to directly participate in or influence U.S.-Japan relations at a political level. The committee addresses the full range of challenges and opportunities facing the U.S.-Japan relationship with the intent of deepening individual understanding of the issues and forging cooperative relationships between the participants—objectives that may benefit policymakers in both Washington and Tokyo for years to come.  Consisting of four meetings over two years, the program’s first three meetings, in Montana (June 2010), Hawaii (January 2011), and Tokyo (June 2011), featured open and frank dialogue among participants resulting in targeted policy recommendations on matters of contemporary  concern to both governments.  The fourth and final meeting was in Washington, D.C. in September 2011.

Forging New U.S.-ROK Political Relationships

In response to tensions in the U.S.-Republic of Korea political relationship, in 2006 the Mansfield Foundation initiated a project intended to forge stronger political relationships among the current and rising generation of leaders in Washington and Seoul.  As part of this project, the Foundation organized a series of dialogues that engaged those individuals most likely to play key roles in post-Bush, post-Roh administrations and in U.S.-ROK relations for decades to come.  These dialogues were informed by the following provocative and relevant issue papers solicited from experts outside the core group of participants:

“America’s Mid-term Elections: What Next for U.S.-South Korean Relations?,” Robert Hathaway, Director of the Asia Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

“2002 vs. 2006, The Rise and Fall of Anti-Americanism in South Korea: “It’s Korean Politics (not U.S.), Mr. President!,” Hoon Jaung, Chung-Ang University

“Realigning Expectations for The R.O.K. -U.S. Relationship: Are We Ignoring A Glass More Than Half Full?,” Sung-han Kim, Professor, Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security (IFANS)

“Re-imagining the U.S.-ROK Alliance,” Dan Sneider, Associate Director for Research, Walter S. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University

“The Korea-U.S. FTA: Prospects and Implications for the Bilateral Strategic Relationship,” Joseph A.B. Winder, President, Winder International

“U.S.-ROK: Diverging Threat Perceptions of North Korea?,” Ralph A. Cossa, President, Pacific Forum, CSIS

An Assessment of Current ROK-U.S. Relations,” Kang Choi, Institute for Foreign Affairs and National Security

“Visions of Northeast Asia Regionalism:  The United States and the Republic of Korea,” Gilbert F. Rozman, Musgrave Professor of Sociology at Princeton University

“Divergent Threat Perceptions on North Korea,” Hyeong Jung Park, Visiting Fellow, Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution

“Forging an Enduring Foundation for U.S.-ROK Relations,” David C. Kang, Professor of Government, Dartmouth College

“Between Kantian Peace and Hobbesian Anarchy:  South Korea’s Vision for Northeast Asia,” Chung-in Moon, Professor of Political Science, Yonsei University, and Ambassador for International Security Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade


ROK National Assembly Exchange

The Mansfield Foundation welcomed five members of Korea’s National Assembly to Washington August 18-22, 2008 to discuss issues of importance to U.S.-Korea relations. Members of the delegation included: Chin Young (Grand National Party); Jeon Hye-Sook (Democratic Party); Lee Dal-gon (Grand National Party); Lim Hae-kyu(Grand National Party); and Park Sang-Eun (Grand National Party). The study visit was supported by the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea and the Korea Foundation.

During five days of meetings, the Korean lawmakers met with U.S. government officials and Asia experts to discuss issues including: U.S. policy and perspectives on North Korea; U.S. relations with China and other Asian nations; the presidential candidates’ views on Asia; and the process and politics involved in U.S. ratification of the Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.



Young Economists Washington Seminar

From 2001-2009, the Mansfield Foundation, in collaboration with the Tokyo American Center (TAC) at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo, organized U.S. visits for delegations of Japanese economists. A week of seminar discussions and on-site visits in Washington, D.C., allowed the participants to get an inside look at the U.S. economic system and to exchange views on important issues impacting the U.S. and Japan.  Programs were held June 22-26, 2009; September 7-13, 2008;  June 12-16, 2006;  May 16-23, 2004; September 16-20, 2002; and March 19-23, 2001.

2Mansfield Foundation Board Member Norman Mineta welcomes the economists to Washington, D.C., June 2009


U.S-Japan Healthcare and Medical Device Exchange


U.S.-Japan Healthcare and Medical Device participants gather at the steps of Johns Hopkins University Medical Center

The U.S.-Japan Healthcare and Medical Device Exchange brought eight civil servants from Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) and Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) to the United States January 24-30, 2009 to learn about U.S. healthcare policy and regulatory practices. The Japanese participants met with their counterparts in the U.S. government, congressional staff, and U.S. healthcare professionals and engaged in information exchanges intended to contribute to the implementation of regulatory and health policies that promote innovation and favorable health outcomes.

The program began with a site visit to the Johns Hopkins University Medical Center and the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, a state-of-the art medical facility in Baltimore. The delegation then participated in two days of briefings and dialogues at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). There they learned about the FDA’s regulation of human tissue, cellular therapy, and combined products, and participated in roundtable discussions with alumni Mansfield Fellows Sema Hashemi (Mansfield Fellow 2006-2008) and Carole Carey (Mansfield Fellow 2003-2005) and with the Director of the Office of Combination Products and other FDA officials. They later received an extensive tour of the FDA’s White Oak laboratory.  The delegation also had the opportunity to meet with officials from the International Trade Administration at the Department of Commerce, industry policy experts, and staff in the office of Rep. Vic Snyder (D-Arkansas), who serves on several health-related caucuses.


Northeast Asia 2025

The Mansfield Foundation’s Northeast Asia 2025 program, a research partnership with the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), examined the multifaceted security challenges in and around the Northeast Asia region as it looks to the future.

In 2009, the Foundation hosted a strategy session with core group members in Big Fork, Montana April 29-May 1 and a workshop and conference in Kanazawa, Japan July 22-25.  The first workshop focused on framing the critical issues and shaping a multi-year research agenda.  A core group of specialists from the region identified an “ideal” security situation for Northeast Asia in the year 2025 and then, working backwards, identified current and likely future trends diverging from that ideal.  Based on the trends identified, the core group identified scholars from throughout the region to address seven key issues and draft policy recommendations to close the gap between current trends and the identified ideal.  This research was presented and discussed in detail at the larger conference in Japan in July 2009.  In 2010, the Foundation published “Toward an Ideal Security State for Northeast Asia 2025,”a compilation of the papers presented and discussed at the Kanazawa conference.

Also in 2010, the Foundation hosted a project planning meeting with many of the original core group members, renowned experts from Asia and the Pacific, over a one-day strategy session in Whitefish, Montana. During this meeting, the Foundation along with the core group revised the ideal and selected five issues to focus upon for a November 1-3 conference in Busan and Seoul, South Korea. Nine scholars from throughout the region drafted papers and proposed policy recommendations related to these five issues.  Their papers were presented at a public symposium at Yonsei University and were compiled in “One Step Back? Reassessing an Ideal Security State for Northeast Asia 2025,” published in March 2011.



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