On September 26, 2006, the Japan Foundation Center for Global
Partnership and the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation
co-sponsored a symposium in Tokyo
entitled “Industrial Strategy and Global Competitiveness in Japan
and the U.S.
This symposium featured two Abe Fellows and two Mansfield Fellows:
Dr. Takahiro Fujimoto (1995 Abe Fellow), Professor, Department
of Economics, University of Tokyo; Dr. Kathryn Ibata-Arens (2004
Abe Fellow), Professor, Department of Political Science, DePaul
University; Mr. Keith Krulak (2001-2003 Mansfield Fellow), U.S.
Department of Treasury; and Mr. Christopher Winship (2003-2005
Mansfield Fellow), U.S. Department of Treasury. Dr. Masaru Yoshitomi,
President and Chief Research Officer, Research Institute of Economy,
Trade and Industry, served as moderator. Mr. Masaaki Sato (Journalist,
Nikkei BP “REAL SIMPLE” Publisher) gave a presentation
at the beginning of the panel discussion.
"Non-traditional Security: Transforming the Japan-U.S. Alliance"
July 19, 2005.
Symposium in Tokyo, co-sponsored with with the Japan
Foundation Center for Global Partnership (CGP) and featuring
alumni of the Mansfield and Abe Fellowship Programs.
Introduction Speech (By Hideya Taida)
The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership and the Maureen
and Mike Mansfield Foundation respectively implement the Abe and
Mansfield Fellowships, personnel development programs that contribute
to the enhancement of U.S.-Japan relations.
Together, the Center and the Foundation organized this public
symposium, "Non-traditional Security: The Transformation of
Cooperation between the United States and Japan.”
Concurrent with the end of the Cold War, prior conceptions of
national security began to undergo transformation. Since the
progression of globalization and the information revolution have
significantly widened the area currently coming under national
security. In these new circumstances, a diverse range of criminal
acts, including terrorism and piracy, population issues and environmental
destruction have emerged as new threats. At today's symposium,
Japanese Abe fellows and U.S. Mansfield fellows debated, from
both theoretical and practical perspectives, how Japan and
States should implement joint initiatives and cooperation in
order to clarify the nature of these new threats and develop
security policies for countering them, as well as to enhance
security in the Asia-Pacific region and support the reconstruction
states. Around 120 people participated in the symposium including
researchers, officials working in diplomacy and defense, journalists
and other representatives of the media, students and members
of the general public. This document summarizes the content
The symposium began with an address by honored guest Yoshimasa
Hayashi, a member of Japan's House of Councilors (chairman of the
diplomacy and defense committee). Mr. Hayashi spoke in detail about
the importance of Japan-U.S. intellectual exchange on policymaking,
including national security, in addition to the necessity for mutual
understanding between Japanese and U.S. policymakers, including
practitioners and researchers. In his address, Mr. Hayashi also
told attendees about his experiences working as an intern for the
late U.S. Senator William V. Roth, Jr., when he was involved in
the legislative process leading to the establishment of the Mansfield
Mr. Hayashi was followed by rapporteur Colonel Koichiro Bansho,
former Chief of the Public Affairs Office, Ground Staff Office
at Japan's Defense Agency, who led the first contingent of Ground
Self Defense Force Troops dispatched to Iraq to participate in
post-war reconstruction. Colonel Bansho told attendees about the
activities of the Ground Self Defense Force in Samawah, which focused
on constructing water supply facilities and actually supplying
water. He also spoke about showing respect for Islamic culture
during the implementation of the mission, and about the role of
the Self Defense Force in the initial stages of establishing sustainable
reconstruction activities. Colonel Bansho presented an objective
report on the peacekeeping activities of the Self Defense Force,
which are being implemented not just in Iraq but throughout the
world, while referring to the concept of non-traditional security
issues, which have been incorporated into Japan's Defense Program
Outline since the 1990s.
The following panel discussion was moderated by Mr. Naoyuki Agawa
(1994 Abe Fellow) Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio
University, and former Japanese Ambassador to the United States.
Panelists were Mr. John Hill (1995-1997 Mansfield Fellow), Senior
Director for Japan, Regional Director for Northeast Asia, U.S.
Department of Defense; Dr. Etel Solingen (2001 Abe Fellow), Professor,
Department of Political Science, University of California, Irvine;
Commander Mark Staples (1999-2001 Mansfield Fellow), Director,
C4I & Naval Sea Systems Programs, Mutual Defense Assistance
Office, American Embassy Tokyo; and Dr. Motohiro Tsuchiya, (2000
Abe Fellow), Associate Professor, Graduate School of Media and
Governance, Keio University. The four panelists engaged in spirited
debate on current issues in traditional and non-traditional national
security fields, with reference to the closeness of Japan-U.S.
relations and the changing national security landscape in the Asia-Pacific
region. The four panelists used presentation materials as they
spoke to address the following issues from a variety of standpoints:
1) The meaning of the right to collective self-defense in a globalized
security environment; 2) The relationships between various regional
systematic frameworks and non-traditional security issues; 3) The
information technology revolution and the issues of information
sharing and interoperability among military organizations involved
in non-traditional security issues; 4) National security issues
and cultural conflicts in the age of the Internet.
Debate among the panelists throughout the three and a half hour
symposium can be summarized in a single point: Reaffirming the
importance of continual Japan-U.S. joint involvement in non-traditional
security issues, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region.
The symposium is the first event organized by the Center for
Global Partnership and the Mansfield Foundation. We hope the
was able to return to society the shared knowledge of the Abe
Fellows and Mansfield Fellows, intellectual assets of the United
and Japan, as well as to promote networking among the alumni
communities of both programs. We also trust that this report
will be of use
to many people with an interest in U.S.-Japan relations and issues
of national security.
Finally, we would like to thank the speakers, moderator and panelists
for taking some of their precious time to participate in the symposium
and share their specialized knowledge and insights.
Hideya Taida, Director, The Japan Foundation Center for Global